Studies on cross compatibility in interspecific crosses of Vigna radiata × Vigna umbellata species 

DOI: 10.18805/LR-3974    | Article Id: LR-3974 | Page : 699-704
Citation :- Studies on cross compatibility in interspecific crosses of Vigna radiata × Vigna umbellata species.Legume Research-An International Journal.2019.(42):699-704
T. Basavaraja, Niranjana Murthy, L. Vijay Kumar and K. Mallikarjun basu86.gpb@gmail.com
Address : All India Co-ordinated Research Network on Potential Crops Scheme, Main Research Station, Hebbal and Gandhi KrishiVignana Kendra, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore-560 065. Karnataka, India.
Submitted Date : 7-12-2017
Accepted Date : 9-03-2018

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to study the crossability barriers in interspecific crosses of Vigna radiata × Vigna umbellata. The basic materials of this experiment comprising of five mungbean MYMV Susceptible genotypes and five rice bean MYMV resistant genotypes. Interspecific crosses were attempted by utilizing rice bean genotypes as male parents and mungbean genotypes as female parents. The successful pod set was observed on 12 crosses out of 25 interspecific crosses of Vigna radiata and Vigna umbellata. The results revealed that highest crossability per cent was recorded in the crosses Yellowmung × KBR-1 (17.30 %), DGGV-2× RBL-35 (16.0%), Selection-4×KBR-1 (11.80%), Chinamung × KBR-1 (11.0%) and BGS-9× RBL-35 (10.20%) which were considered as successful crosses. This suggests that the parents of these four interspecific cross combinations may be ideal for transfer of useful genes across the two divergent species and to broaden the genetic base of interspecific hybrid and further, the existence of moderate hybrid pollen fertility (78.24%) coupled with moderate seed germination percentage (36.84%), lower hybrid lethality (21.43%) and lower hybrid breakdown (7.14%) was observed in Chinamung × KBR-1 followed by cross Selection-4 ×KBR-1. In the present investigation prominent observation noticed are strong pre-fertilization as well as post fertilization barriers were present in the cross between V. radiata and V. umbellata, while, growth and lethality of interspecific hybrid seedlings were influenced by the genotypes of both the parental species.

Keywords

Crossability Hybrid lethality Interspecific crosses Pollen fertility Seed viability.

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