Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 42 issue 5 (october 2019) : 699-704

Studies on cross compatibility in interspecific crosses of Vigna radiata × Vigna umbellata species 

T. Basavaraja, Niranjana Murthy, L. Vijay Kumar, K. Mallikarjun
1All India Co-ordinated Research Network on Potential Crops Scheme, Main Research Station, Hebbal and Gandhi KrishiVignana Kendra, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore-560 065. Karnataka, India.
  • Submitted07-12-2017|

  • Accepted09-03-2018|

  • First Online 20-06-2018|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-3974

Cite article:- Basavaraja T., Murthy Niranjana, Kumar Vijay L., Mallikarjun K. (2018). Studies on cross compatibility in interspecific crosses of Vigna radiata × Vigna umbellata species. Legume Research. 42(5): 699-704. doi: 10.18805/LR-3974.
The present study was undertaken to study the crossability barriers in interspecific crosses of Vigna radiata × Vigna umbellata. The basic materials of this experiment comprising of five mungbean MYMV Susceptible genotypes and five rice bean MYMV resistant genotypes. Interspecific crosses were attempted by utilizing rice bean genotypes as male parents and mungbean genotypes as female parents. The successful pod set was observed on 12 crosses out of 25 interspecific crosses of Vigna radiata and Vigna umbellata. The results revealed that highest crossability per cent was recorded in the crosses Yellowmung × KBR-1 (17.30 %), DGGV-2× RBL-35 (16.0%), Selection-4×KBR-1 (11.80%), Chinamung × KBR-1 (11.0%) and BGS-9× RBL-35 (10.20%) which were considered as successful crosses. This suggests that the parents of these four interspecific cross combinations may be ideal for transfer of useful genes across the two divergent species and to broaden the genetic base of interspecific hybrid and further, the existence of moderate hybrid pollen fertility (78.24%) coupled with moderate seed germination percentage (36.84%), lower hybrid lethality (21.43%) and lower hybrid breakdown (7.14%) was observed in Chinamung × KBR-1 followed by cross Selection-4 ×KBR-1. In the present investigation prominent observation noticed are strong pre-fertilization as well as post fertilization barriers were present in the cross between V. radiata and V. umbellata, while, growth and lethality of interspecific hybrid seedlings were influenced by the genotypes of both the parental species.
  1. Ahn, C. S. and Hartmann, R. W. (1978). Interspecific hybridization between mungbean Vigna radiata L. Wilczek. and adzuki bean Vigna angularis Wild. Ohwi and Ohashi . J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 103:435–438.
  2. Ahn, C.S. and Hartmann, R. W. (1977). Interspecific hybridization among four species of the genus Vigna. In: proc. First Intl. Mungbean Symposium. Asian vegetable Research and Development Centre. Shanhua. Taiwan: pp. 240-246
  3. Al-Yasiri, S. A. and Coyne, D. P. (1966). Interspecific hybridization in the genus Phaseolus . Crop Sci., 6:59–60.
  4. Barone, A. and Ng, N. Q. (1990). Embryological study on crosses between Vigna unguiculata and Vigna vexillata. Cowpea Genetic Resources. pp. 151-160.
  5. Boling, M. D., Sander, A. and Matlock, R. S. (1961). Mungbean hybridization technique. Agron. J., 53:54-55
  6. Chowdhury, R. K. And Chowdhury, J. B. (1983). Compatibility between Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek and Vigna umbellata (Thumb) Ohwi and Ohashi. Genetica Agraria, 37:257–266.
  7. Dana, S. (1966a). Cross between Phaseolus aureus and Phaseolus mungo.Genetics, 37:259-274. 
  8. De, D. N. and Krishnan, N. (1966). Cytological studies of hybrid Phaseolus aureus × Phaseolus mungo. Genetics, 37:588-600.
  9. Fatokun, C. A. and Singh, B. B. (1987). Interspecific hybridization between V. pubescens and V. unguiculata through embryo rescues. Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, 9:229-233.
  10. Gopinathan, M. C. and Babu, C. R. (1986). A unique growth pattern associated with cleistogamy in a tropical legume, Vigna minima Roxb. Ohwi and Ohashi Leguminosae. Bot J Linn Soc., 92:263–268.
  11. Gosal, S. S. and Bajaj, Y. P. S. (1983). In vitro hybridization in an incompatible cross-black gram × green gram. Curr. Sci., 52:556–    557.
  12. Gozal, S. S. and Baja, Y. P. S. (1983). Interspecific hybridization between Vigna mungo and Vigna radiata through embryo culture. Euphytica. 32:129-137.
  13. Kamaludin, R., Abu, B. M., Arash, N., Mohd, F. B. and Mohd, Y. S. A. (2013). Intraspecific crosses and morphological studies of two cultivars of Vigna radiata through In Vitro and In Vivo Techniques. Life Sci. J. 10 (2): 2549-2555.
  14. Khana, A. N., Sing, B. and Vaidya, S. M. (1962). Crossability studies in search of new characters. Allahabad Farmer. 35: 20-21.
  15. Laurel, V. B., Ramierz, D. A. and Huelgas, V.C. (1980). Immunosuppressive chemical treatment in Vigna radiata × Vigna umbellata. J. Crop Sci., 5:128-129.
  16. Machado, M. T. and Baker, L. R. (1982). Cytogenetic analysis of the interspecifi c hybrid Vigna radiata × V. umbellata . J. Hered., 73:205–208.
  17. Maheswari, P. and Rangaswamy, N.S. (1965). Embryology in relation to physiological and Genetics:Advances in Botanical Research. l.2: 219-312. Academic Press. London.
  18. Nagaraj, N. C., Muniyappa, V., Satyan, B. A., Shanmugam, N., Jayarajan, R. and Vidhyasekaran, P. (1981). Resistance source for mungbean yellow mosaic virus. In: Proceedings of the National Seminar on Disease Resistance in Crop Plants, pp. 69–72.
  19. Nayar, K.P. and Sareen, P.K., (1983), Cytogenetics studies in mungbean-ricebean hybrids. The J. Cytology and Genetics, 2(2):13-16.
  20. Pal, S.S., Sandhu, J. S., Singh, I. (2005) Exploitation of genetic variability in interspecific cross between Vigna mungo × V. Umbellata. Indian J. Pulses Res., 18:9–11.
  21. Pandiyan, M., Senthil, N., Suersh, R., Chakravarthy, C., Packiaraj, D. and Jagadeesh, S. (2012). Interspecific hybridization of Vigna radiata × Vigna trilobata. J. of Agri. Res. 1(6):233-234.
  22. Percy, R. G. (1986). Effects of environment upon ovule abortion in interspecifi c F1 hybrids and single species cultivars of cotton. Crop Sci., 26:938–942
  23. Pratap, A., Gupta, D. S. and Rajan, N. (2012a). Mungbean. In: Breeding Indian Field Crops. Bharadwaj D (ed) Agrobios Publishers, New Delhi, pp. 208–227.
  24. Renato, A. A. and Desiree, M. H. (1991). In vitro organogenesis and flowering in mung bean. Philip. J. Crop. Sci., 15(3): 169-173.
  25. Shanmungam, A. S., Rathnaswamy, R. and Rangasamy. S. R. (1983). Crossability studies between green gram and black gram. Current Science, 52:1018–1020.
  26. Singh, K. P., Monika, Sareen, P. K. and, Kumar, A. (2003). Interspecific hybridization studies in Vigna radiata L. Wilczek and Vigna umbellata L. National J. Pl. Improv., 5:16–18.
  27. Sirkka, A. T. I., Verugesse, G., Pfeifer, W. H. and, Mujeeb, K. A. (1993). Crossability of tetraploid and hexaploid wheats with ryes for primary triticale production. Euphytica 65:203–210.
  28. Tyagi, D. K. and Chawla, H. S. (1999). Effects of seasons and hormones on crossability barriers and in vitro hybrid development between Vigna radiata and V. unguiculata . Acta Agronomica Hungarica, 47:147–154.
  29. Verma, M. M.,and Brar, J. S. (1996). Breeding approaches for increasing yield potential of mungbean. In: Recent Advances in Mungbean Research. Asthana AN, Kim DH (eds) Indian Society of Pulses, India, pp. 102–123. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)