Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research, volume 38 issue 3 (september 2019) : 261-264

Enteral Nutrition: A Health Approach

Veena Kumari, Jayadeep A
1<div style="text-align: justify;">Grain Science and Technology Department, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, Karnataka, India</div>
Cite article:- Kumari Veena, A Jayadeep (2019). Enteral Nutrition: A Health Approach. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 38(3): 261-264. doi: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-1462.
Healthy individuals consume solid food and receive nutrition by mouth through swallowing and then digesting it. However, individuals not able to obtain nutrition by swallowing can receive Enteral Nutrition or Tube Feeding.  It comprises of tubal feeding to obtain the nutrients needed by the body. There is a wide range of enteral formulations available in the market like standard polymeric, oligomeric, organ-specific, therapeutic formulas, nutrition supplements and modules. They are also classified according to their composition, administration route and general or special purposes utilisation. These formulations must be in liquid form to obtain the same nutrients that are found in solid food. The composition of the formula generally affects recovery of the patient.
  1. Alexander, D.D., Bylsma, C., Elkayam, L., Nguyen, L.D. (2016). Nutritional and health benefits of semi-elemental diets: A comprehensive summary of the literature. World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and therapeutics. 7(2): 306-319.
  2. Bell, S.J., Bistrian, B.R., Wade, J.E. and Blackburn, G.L. (1987). Modular enteral diets: cost and nutritional value comparisons. Journal of the American Dietetic Assocociation:  87(11). 1526-30.
  3. Boullata, J.J., Carrera, L.A., Harvey, L., Escure, A.A., Hudson, L., Mays, A., McGinnis, C., Wessel, J.J., Bajpai, S., Beebe, L.M., Kinn, J.T., Klang, G.M., Lord, L., Martin, K., Wolfe, P.C., Sullivan, J., Wood, A. and Malone, A. (2017). ASPEN Safe practices for enteral nutrition therapy. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.  41: 15-103
  4. Chen, Q.P. (2001). Enteral Nutrition and acute pancreatitis. (2001). World Journal of Gastroenterology. 7(2). 182-192.
  5. Dao, T.D., Bustillos, A.L., Cho, S.B., Li, Z., Puder, M. and Gura, M.K. (2017). Assessment of micronutrient status in critically ill children: challenges and opportunities. Nutrients. 9(11):1-26.
  6. Farrell, J.J. (2010). Digestion and absorption of nutrients and Vitamins. In: Feldman, M., Friedman, L.S., Sleisenger, M.H, Eds sleisenger and Fordtran’s gastrointestinal and liver disease: pathophysiology, diagnosis, management. 9th ed. Philadelphia, p.1695.
  7. Fietkau, R., Lewitzki, V., Kuhnt, T., Holscher, T., Hess, C.F., Weigel, T., Rodel, C., Niewald, M., Hermann, R.M. and Lubgan, D.A. (2013). Disease- specific: enteral nutrition formula improves nutritional status and functional performance in patients with head and neck and esophageal cancer undergoing chemoradiotherapy: results of a randomized, controlled, multicancer trial. Cancer: 119(18): 3343-53
  8. Fssai:…/Direction-Nov 24, 2016
  9. Hebar, A., Koller, C., Seifert, M.J., Chabicovsky, M., Bodenteich, A., Schnurch, B.A. and Grassauer, P.E. (2015). Non-clinical safety evaluation of intranasal lota-carrageenan. Plos ONE. 10(4): 1-16.
  10. Kachmarczyk, M.M., Miller, J.M. and Freund, G.G. (2012). The health benefit of dietary fiber: beyond the suspects of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and colon cancer. Metabolism. 61(8): 1058-1066.
  11. Kannan, M. (2008). Nutrition in critically ill patients. Indian Journal of Anaesthesia. Suppl.52 (5): 642-651.
  12. Nilesh, R.M., Vilas, A.P., Ambadas, S.J., Nilesh, M. (2011). Formulation development of enteral nutrition products. International Research Journal of Pharmacy. 2(3): 19-28.
  13. Pan, D.X., Chen, Q.F., Wu, T., Tang, G.H. and Zhao, Y.Z. (2009). Prebiotic oligosaccharides change the concentration of short chain fatty acids and the microbial population of mouse bowel. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B. 10(4). 258-263.
  14. Pearce, B.C. and Duncun, D.H. (2002). Enteral feeding. Nasogastric, nasojejunal, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy or jejunostomy: its indication and limitation. Postgraduate Medicine: 78(918):  198-204.
  15. Preiser, C.J., Zanten, A., Mette, M.B., Biolo, G., Casaer, P.M., Doig, S.G., Griffiths, D.R., Heyland, K.D., Hiesmayr, M., Lapichino, G., Laviano, A., Pichard, C., Singer, P., Berghe, D.V.G., Wernerman, J., Wischmeyer, P. and Vincent, L. (2015). Metabolic and nutritional support of critically ill patients: consensus and controversies. Critical care. 19(1). 35.
  16. Rastogi, S. (2010). Eat right to stay bright- Manage diet to manage disease, Kindle edition. Popular Prakashan. PVT.LTD.
  17. Savino, P. (2018). Knowledge of constituent ingredients in enteral nutrition formulas can make a difference in patient response to enteral feeding. Nutrition in clinical Practice. 33(1):90-98.
  18. Seres, S.D., Valcarcel, M. and Guillaume, A. (2013). Advantages of enteral nutrition over parenteral nutrition. Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology. 6(2): 157-167.
  19. Silk, D.B., Fairclough, P.D., Clark, M.L., Hegarty, J.E., Marrs, T.C., Addison, J.M., Burston, D., Clegg, K.M. and  Mathews, D.M. (1980). Use of peptide rather than free amino acid nitrogen source in chemically defined “elemental” diets. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. 4(6): 548-53.
  20. Weber, E. and Ehrlein, H.J. (1999). Composition of enteral diets and meal providing optimal absorption rates of nutrients in mini pig. American Journal of clinical Nutrition. 69(3): 556-63
  21. Zadak, Z. and Kent- Smith. (2009). L. Basics in clinical nutrition: commercially prepared formulas. The European e-journal of clinical nutrition and Metabolism. 4: 212-215.

Editorial Board

View all (0)