Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research, volume 36 issue 4 (december 2017) : 276-282

Evaluation of different quality parameters of goat milk yoghurt developed using selected lactic acid bacteria

Ajay Patel, Akshay Bariya, Vikram Patel, Krishna Gamit
1Department of LPT, Veterinary College, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh-362 001, Gujarat, India.
Cite article:- Patel Ajay, Bariya Akshay, Patel Vikram, Gamit Krishna (2017). Evaluation of different quality parameters of goat milk yoghurt developed using selected lactic acid bacteria. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 36(4): 276-282. doi: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-1226.
The present study was undertaken to develop yoghurt from goat milk and to assess its sensory, chemical, microbiological and storage quality. Three different cultures were tried and incubation temperatures viz. 30, 37 and 420C were selected. Yoghurt was prepared using 3% mixed culture containing Streptococcus thermophillus and Lactobacillus bulgaricus NCDC 144 in the ratio of 1:1. The product was prepared in five replicates and analysed for sensory attributes such as flavor, body and texture, colour and appearance and overall acceptability on 9-point hedonic scale by a panel of five judges. Based on overall acceptability of the product, the best incubation temperature (420C) was selected.  The product prepared with optimized incubation temperature was further subjected for chemical, microbiological and storage quality. It was observed that goat milk yoghurt contains less percentage of total solids and higher titrable acidity than cow milk yoghurt. The sensory and microbiological quality of the product was evaluated on 0, 3, 6 and 9 days at refrigeration temperature (4±10C) to assess the storage stability of the product. The sensory attributes change significantly (p£0.05) after 9th day of storage in control and developed product both. The product had total plate count of 106 cfu and decreased significantly (p£0.05) after 9th day of storage (104 cfu/g). The coliform and yeast and mould count were not detected, both in control and developed product throughout storage period. It may be concluded that good quality goat milk yoghurt can be prepared by using mixed culture at 3% concentration with incubation temperature of 420C for 8 hours.
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