Effect of INM Practices on the Leaves Parameters of Terminalia tomentosa Food Plant of Antheraea mylitta Drury

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-5441    | Article Id: D-5441 | Page : 312-316
Citation :- Effect of INM Practices on the Leaves Parameters of Terminalia tomentosa Food Plant of Antheraea mylitta Drury.Agricultural Science Digest.2022.(42): 312-316
Soma Karmakar, A.K. Srivastava, T. Pandiaraj, Jyostna Tirkey smarten436@gmail.com
Address : Department of Botany, Ranchi University, Ranchi-834 008, Jharkhand, India.
Submitted Date : 6-07-2021
Accepted Date : 9-10-2021


Background: Terminalia tomentosa is a primary food plant of Antheraea mylitta Drury a polyphagous insect of Saturniidae family which is exploited commercially for the production of silk. Good quality of silk production depend on the nutrient of leaf. So, to optimize the nutrient of leaf integrated nutrient management practices has been used to increase soil fertility and to supply plant nutrient at an optimum.
Methods: In order to evaluate the effect of INM practices on the leaves parameters of Terminalia tomentosa food plant of Antheraea mylitta Drury. An experiment based on randomised complete block design with 21 treatments and three replication was conducted at Central Tasar Research and Training Institute, Nagri, Ranchi in the year 2019-20.
Result: Results revealed that the application of INM treatments are significant on various leaf parameters. Highest single leaf length and breadth mean was observed in T19 (23.29 cm; 11.96 cm) was applied with 75% RDF through fertilizer+25% through vermicompost+ Azotobacter + PSB, weight of single leaf was found to be highest in T13 (5.19 g). The number of leaf was recorded highest in T19 (1892). The fresh leave yield ranged from 1617.317-5208.224 g with average mean of 4085.72 g, T19 (5032.1 g) recorded the highest fresh leaf yield. The dry matter content was found highest in T19 (340.56 g). The moisture content was recorded higher in T4 (71%) followed by T15 (69%).


Antheraea mylitta Azotobacter Moisture Terminalia tomentosa Vermicompost


  1. Adhikari, R.C. (2009). Effect of NPK on vegetative growth and yield of desire and Kufri Sindhuri Potato. Nepal Agric. Res. J. 9: 67-75.
  2. AOAC (1970). Official Methods of Analysis (Ed. Daniel Banes) Published by A.O.A.C., Washington, D.C. Banglore. 105.
  3. Bambhaniya, K.C., Naik, N.M. and Ghetiya, L.V. (2017). Biology of tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury under indoor conditions. Trends in Biosciences. 10(1): 126-131.
  4. Borea, J.M (1991). Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizae as Modifiers of Soil Fertility. In: Advances in Soil Science. Springer-Veriag, New York. Vol. 15: pp. 2-31.
  5. Chakraborty, B. (2018). Evaluation of the leaf productivity of Terminalia arjuna and its impact on commercial traits of Tropical Tasar Silkworm (Antheraea mylitta Drury) under organic based agro forestry system. Proceedings of ISER 125th International Conference, Malacea, Malaysia. pp: 6-8.
  6. Chakraborty, B. and Kundu, M. (2015). Effect of biofertilizer in combination with organic manures on growth and foliar constituents of Mulberry under Rainfed lateritic soil condition. The International Journal of Engineering and Sciences. 4(3): 16-20.
  7. Chaudhuri, P.S., Paul, T.K., Dey, A., Datta, M., Dey, S.K. (2016). Effects of rubber leaf litter vermicompost on earthworm population and yield of pineapple (Ananas comosus) in West Tripura. India Int. J. Recycle Org. Waste Agricult. 5: 93-103.
  8. Chowdhury, P., Setua, G.C., Ghosh, A., Kar, R., Shivnath, S.K., Maity and Bajpai, A.K. (2009). Organic farming approach for sustainable quality leaf production in mulberry (Morus alba L.) var S-1635 under irrigated condition. Journal of Crop and Weed. 5(1): 38-43.
  9. Das, P.K., Chowdhury, P.C., Ghosh, A., Mallikarjuna, B., Suryanarayana, N. and Sengupta, K. (1990). Effect of green manuring, dry weed and black polythene mulching on soil moisture conservation, growth and yield of mulberry and their economics under rainfed condition. Indian J. Seric. 29: 263-72.
  10. Duxbury, J.M., Smith, M.S., Doran, J.M. (1989). Soil Organic Matter As a Source and a Sink of Plant Nutrients. In: Dynamics of Soil Organic Matter in Tropical Ecosystems. University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA, 2: 33-67.
  11. Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Willey and Sons. New York, USA.
  12. Hodges, S.C. (1995). Soil FertilityBasics. North Carolina State University, Soil Science Extension. 2-75.
  13. Islam, M.R., Trivedi, P., Palaniappan, P., Reddy, M.S., Sa, T. (2009). Evaluating the effect of fertilizer application on soil microbial community structure in rice based cropping system using fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) analysis. World J. Microbial Biotechnol. 25: 1115-1117.
  14. Jackson, K.M. and Brown, M.E. (1966). Behaviour of Azotobacter chroococcum introduced into the plant Rhizosphere. Ann. Inst. Pasteur Paris. 111: 108-112.
  15. Khan, S. and Pariari, A. (2012). Effect of N-fixing biofertilizers on growth, yield and Quality of Chilli. The Bioscan. 7(3): 481- 482.
  16. Kumar, A., A.S. and John, P.S. (1999). Integrated Nutrient Management for Sustainable Mulberry Production in Humid Tropic. In: Moriculture in Tropics Vol I. proc NatI. Sem. in Tropical Seric. UAS. GKVK, Bangalore. 53-57.
  17. Mallapa, B. (2015). Integrated Nutrient Management in Mulberry (Morus alba L.). M.Sc. thesis. University of Agricultural Sciences. Bangaluru.
  18. Mallappa, B., siddappa, V.S. and Biradar, S. (2016). Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management on growth and yield of mulberry (Morus alba L.). The Bioscan. 11(2): 1303-1305.
  19. Nakpathom, M., Somboon, B., Narumol, N. (2009). Papain enzymatic degummimg of thai Bombys mori Silk fibers, J. Microscopy Society of Thailand. 23(1): 142-146.
  20. Nambiar, K.M. and Abrol, I.P. (1992). Long term fertilizer experiments in India-An overview. Fertilizer News. 34: 11-26.
  21. Patel, R. and Modasiya, M. (2011). Sericin: Pharmaceutical application. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences. 2(3): 913-917.
  22. Pilanee Vaithanomsat, Taweesiri Malapant and Waraporn Apiwattanapiwat (2008). Silk Degumming solution as substrate for microbial protease production. Kasetsart J. (Nat. Sci.) 42: 543-551.
  23. Prashar, P. and Shah, S. (2016). Impact of Fertilizers and Pesticides on Soil Microflora in Agriculture. [E. Lichtfouse (ed.)], Sustainable Agriculture Reviews. Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 19. DOI. 10.1007/978-3-319-26777-7-8.
  24. Pushkarnath (1976). Potato in Sub-tropics. Orient Longman. 289p.
  25. Ram, R.L., Chatterjee, S., Maji, C., Sharma, P.K. and Singh, Y.V.  (2017). Integrated effect of FYM and potassium humate on mulberry leaves and bioassay of silkworm in acid soils of Kalimpong Hills. International Journal of Bio- Resource and Tree Management. 8(3): 405-412.
  26. Rashmi, K., Shankar, M.A., Narayanaswamy, T.K., Sreeramulu, K.R. and Rajegowda (2006). Effect of Application of Organic Manures and Inorganic Fertilizers on Growth, Yield and Quality of S36 mulberry. National Conference on New Strategies in Research and Development of Sericulture. India Perspective, Bangalore University, Bangalore (India). pp: 36-37.
  27. Sahay, A. and Kapila, M.L. (1993). Role of Nutrition in Synthesis of Tasar Silk. Indian Silk. 30(2): 8-11.
  28. Sahay, A., Sahay, D.N. and Thangavelu, K. (2001). Disease management during tasar seed production. Workshop on Tasar seed production, planning and grainage. Central Tasar Research and Training Institute, Ranchi. 14-16. p: 32-45.
  29. Sajan, K.M.,  Gowda, K.K., Kumar, S.N. and Sreramu, B.S. (2002). Effect of bio-fertilizers on growth and yield of chilli (Capsicum annuum L) cv. byadagi dabba at different levels of nitrogen and phosphorus. Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. 1(1): 58-61.
  30. Setua, G.C., Setua, M., Ghosh, A., Debnath, S., Dutta, A.K., Benerjee, N.D. and Sarkar, A. (2007). Effect of integrated nutrient management on sustainable quality leaf production of mulberry (Morus alba) under irrigated alluvial soil conditions. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 77: 286-90.
  31. Singh, M.K., Roy Chowdhuri, S. Naqvi, A.H., Ghosh, M.K. and Bindroo, B.B. (2012). Studies on integrated nutrient management on leaf yield and quality of silk of mulberry (Morus alba L.) grown under rainfed situation. Journal of Crop and Weed 8(2): 80-82.
  32. Sinha, A.K., Sinha, U.S.P., Banerjee, N.P., Prasad, J. and Brahamchari, B.N. (2002). Effect of foliar spray of micronutrients on leaf yield of Terminalia arjuna and quality cocoons produced on them. Plant Archives. 2(2): 151-155.
  33. Subsashri, M. (2004). Vermiwash an effective biopesticide. The Hindu.
  34. Sudhakar, P., Gangawar, S.K., Satpathy, B., Sahu, P.K., Ghosh, J.K. and Saratchandra, B. (2000). Evaluation of some nitrogen fixing bacteria for control of foliar disease of mulberry (Morus alba). Indian J. Seric. 39: 9-11.
  35. Sujathamma, P., Savithri, G., Vijaya Kumari, N., Asha Krishna, V., Vijaya, T., Sairam, K.V.S.S. and Sreerama, N., Reddy (2014). Effect of organic manures on Quantitative and Qualitative parameters of mulberry production. Hortflora Research Spectrum. 3(1): 14-20.
  36. Suryanarayan, N., Kumar R, Gargi (2005). Monograph on Indian tropical tasar silkworm food plants (Terminalia spp.) Central Tasar Research and Training Institute. CSB, India.
  37. Takeda, S. (2009). Sericulture. In: Encyclopedia of insects. [V. Resh and R. Carde (editors)] Academic press (chapters).
  38. Taya, J.S., Mallik, Y.S., Pandita, M.L. and Khurana, S.C. (1994). Fertilizer management in potato based cropping system- 1: Growth and Yield of potato. J. Indian Potato Assoc. 21(3-4): 184-488.
  39. Vigneswaran, C., Nivethinni, D.R., Shilpaa, K. and Dhanapal, S.  (2015). Tussar Silk: Scope for Improving Quality by Enzyme Technology. JTATM. 9(3): 1-9.
  40. Waleed, F. Hassan and Iman, Mohammad, Q. (2017). Effect of Bio-organic fertilization in some nutrients availability, Growth and yield of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.).IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. 10(10, VerIV). pp: 13-17.
  41. Zambare, V.P., Padul, M.V., Yadav, A.A. and Shete, T.B. (2008). Vermiwash: Biochemical and Microbiological approach as eco-friendly soil conditioner. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science. 3(4): 1-5.

Global Footprints