Soil and leaf nutritional constraints in major pomegranate growing states of India
Submitted Date : 15-06-2015
Accepted Date : 28-12-2015
Pomegranate orchards grown under hot, semi-arid to arid tropical climate were surveyed to diagnose nutrient constraints through soil and leaf analysis. A total 347 pomegranate orchards covering an area about 60,000 ha were surveyed in major pomegranate growing areas of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh states during 2007 to 2013. Physico-chemical analysis of the soil samples revealed that most of the pomegranate cultivation is on shallow and light textured soils having pH (< 8.9), EC (< 1.86dS/m) and CaCO3 (< 10% in majority orchards) which is within tolerable limit for pomegranate cultivation. Soil as well as leaf nutrient status indicated that P was the most limiting nutrient, followed by N while K and Ca was in sufficient quantity. Micronutrient constraints through foliar analysis revealed that Fe content was in sufficiency range in almost all the orchards despite its low availability in the soils. Similarly, leaf Cu content was very low in majority orchards despite its availability in the soil in excess range. Zinc content in the leaves was in sufficient quantity in all the orchards located in all the states. The nutrients should be applied in a balance ratio ensuring periodical application of organics to maintain soil health.