Effect of different treatments of Indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) on the rooting and growth performance of hardwood cuttings of peach (Prunus persica L. Batch)

DOI: 10.5958/0976-0547.2015.00008.7    | Article Id: D-4147 | Page : 41-45
Citation :- Effect of different treatments of Indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) on the rooting and growth performance of hardwood cuttings of peach (Prunus persica L. Batch).Agricultural Science Digest.2015.(35):41-45
Sukhjit Kaur* sukhi.rose@gmail.com
Address : Punjab Agricultural University, Regional Research Station, Gurdaspur-143 521, India.

Abstract

The present investigation was conducted on the rooting of the hardwood cuttings of Shan-i- Punjab Peach with the different treatments of Indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) during the years 2011-12 and 2012-13 at PAU, Regional Research Station, Gurdaspur. The hardwood cuttings of 15-20cm length and 0.8-1.2cm diameter having 5-6 buds were prepared from the dormant twigs of the 8-10 years old peach plants in the first fortnight of January .The basal portion of the cuttings was dipped in different doses of IBA viz. 1000ppm, 2000ppm, 3000ppm, 4000pppm, 5000ppm and control(without IBA treatment) for 1-2 minutes and planted in open field conditions by following the recommended cultural practices for nursery raising. It was observed that hardwood cuttings of peach cv. Shan-i-Punjab treated with 3000ppm of IBA for 1-2 minutes took significantly the minimum number of days to sprouting with the highest sprouting percentage, survival percentage, average number of roots, length of main root, root girth, root weight, plant height, plant girth, number of branches ,number of leaves and leaf area. Therefore, by following this treatment, the plants produced from the hardwood cuttings became ready for transplanting in the field in one year instead of two years in case of grafting and there was no chance of graft in-compatability.

Keywords

Growth performance Hardwood cuttings Indole-3-butyric acid Peach Rooting.

References

  1. Ahmad, N., Ishtiaq, M. and Nabi G. (2002). Influence of various concentrations of IBA on different types of Bougainvillea glabera var. Variegata cuttings. Sarhad J. Agric., 18(3) : 263-270
  2. Ahmed Aziz, K., Amanullah, Saifullah, K., Basharat Hussain, S., Munir Ahmed, K .(2010).Effect of indole butyric acid (IBA) on rooting of olive stem cuttings. Pakistan J. Agr. Res., 23 (3/4) :91-93.
  3. Ahmed, M. S., Nadim Akhtar, A. and Muhammad, A. (2003). Effect of IBA on hardwood cuttings of peach rootstocks under greenhouse conditions. Asian J.Plant. Sci., 2:265-269.
  4. Alam, R., Rahman, K.U., Ilyas, M., Ibrahim, M., Rauf MA.(2007).Effect of Indole-butyric acid concentrations on the rooting of kiwi cuttings. Sarhad J. Agric., 23(2) :293-295.
  5. Ahmed, M.S, Abbasi N.A. and Amer M.(2003).Effects of IBA on hardwood cuttings of peach rootstocks under green house conditions. Asian J. Plant Sci,. 2(3) : 265-269.
  6. Al-Obeed, R.S. (2000). The effect of growth regulators, phenolic compounds and time of propagation on the rooting of guava stem cuttings. Alex .J. Agric .Res., 45(2) : 189-199.
  7. Bal, J.S., Sandhawalia, S.S., Herregods, M., Boxus, P., Baets, W. and Jager A .(2000). Studies on propagation of subtropical plum. Proceed. of the XXV Int’l Hort. Cong. Part 7. Quality of Horticultural Products: Brussels, Belgium. Acta Horticulturae, 517:151-158.
  8. Bartolini, G. (1994). Interaction of carbohydrates,rooting and survival of hardwood peach cuttings. Adv. Hort. Sci., 8:131-33.
  9. Carlson, M C. (1929). Micro-chemical studies of rooting and cuttings. Bot. Gazette, 87: 64.
  10. Cerveny, C. and Gibson, J.(2005). Rooting hormones. Grower 101. Crop Cultivation. :236-244. Available: www.gpnmag.com/    lm.cfm/gp080503.
  11. Denny, C. and Arnold, A. (2001). Interactions among rooting substrate, phenological stage of cuttings and auxin concentration on the rooting of Cotinus obovatus. J. Appl. Hort.,1:13–16.
  12. Erdoan,V. and Aygün, A.(2006). A study on propagation of mulberry (Morus nigra L.) by softwood cuttings. II. National Berry Fruit Symposium,Tokat. pp.172-175,
  13. Galavi, M. , Karimian, M.A. and Mousavi, S.R.(2013). Effects of different auxin (IBA) concentrations and planting-beds on rooting grape cuttings (Vitis vinifera ). Annual Review & Research in Biology ,3(4): 517-523 .
  14. Hartmann, H.T. and Kester, D.E.(1983). Plant Propagation, Principles and Practices Fourth Ed., Prentice- Hill, INC Engleood Cliffs, New Jersy,USA
  15. Hartmann, H.T. and Kester, D.E.(1990). Plant Propagation, Principles and Practices Fifth Ed., Prentice- Hill, INC Engleood Cliffs, New Jersy,USA
  16. Hartmann, H.T., Kester, D.E., Davis, F.T. and Geneve, R.L.(2002). Hartmann and Kesters’ Plant Propagation:Princ. 7th Ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ
  17. Ishtiaq, M., Iftikhar, H. and Ayaz, M .(1989). Initiation of roots in peach rootstocks cvs. Peshawar Local and Nemaguard as affected by indole butyric acid. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 5:41-45.
  18. Iqbal, M., Subhan, F., Ghafoor, A., Waseem, K. and Jilani, M.S. (1999). Effect of different concentrations of indole butyric Acid (IBA) on root initiation and plant survival of apple cuttings. Pakistan Journal Biological Sciences, 2: 1314-1316.
  19. Kesari, V., Krishnamachari, A. and Rangan, L. (2009). Effect of auxins on adventitious rooting from stem cuttings of candidate plus tree Pongamia pinnata (L.). A potential biodiesel plant Trees: Structure and Function, 23(3) : 597-604.
  20. Maghsudlu, M., Afshari, H. and Faraji, A.(2013).The evaluation of the effect of different IBA (indole-3-butyric acid) hormone concentration and different kinds of cutting on rooting of two compatible Olive cultivars cuttings in Golestan Province. Bulletin of Environment,Pharmacology and Life Sciences, 2 (6) : 82- 88
  21. Mehraj, H., Shiam, I.H., Taufique, T., Shahrin, S. and Jamal Uddin, A.F.M. (2013). Influence of Indole-3-Butyric Acid (IBA) on sprouting and rooting potential of Bougainvillea spectabilis cuttings. Bangladesh Research Publications Journal, 9(1) : 44-49.
  22. Mirabdulbaghi, M., Zarghami, R. and Azghandi, A.V.(2011). Propagation of Tanasgol, a Natural Plum-Apricot Hybrid (Prunus domestica-armenia) Developed in Iran.Trends in Horticultural Research, 1(1):27-31.
  23. Moreira, O., Martins, J., Silva, L., Moura, M .(2009). Propagation of the endangered Azorean cherry Prunus azorica using stem cuttings and air layering. Arquipelago. Life Mar. Sci., 26: 09-14.
  24. Nanda, K.K .(1975). Physiology of adventitious root formation. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 18:18-90
  25. Noor, B.S., Rahman, N. and Zubair, M. (1995). Effect of Indolebutyric acid (IBA) on the cutting of M-26 and M-27 apple rootstock. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 11(4): 449-453.
  26. Pathak, R.K., Singh, B.B. and Verma, H. (2002). Chestnut propagation by vegetative techniques. Punjab Horticultural Journal, 19: 76-79.
  27. Polat, A.A. and Caliskan, O.(2009). Effect of indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) on the rooting cutting in various pomegranate genotypes. Acta Horticulturae, 818: 187-192.
  28. Prizhmontas T.(1991). Action of auxins on rooting of sour cherry soft wood cuttings. Sadovostavo-I-vinogradarstvo ,4:18-20.
  29. Rahman, N. , Awan, A.A., Nabi, G. and Ali, Z .(2002). Root initiation in hard wood cuttings of Olive cultivar Coratina using different concentration of IBA. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 1: 563-564.
  30. Rufato, L. and Kersten, E.(2000). Rooting of cuttings of peaches ( Prunus persica (L.) Batsch) cv. Esmeralda and BR2 exposed to stratification and indole butyric acid. Revista Brasileira de Fruiticultura,22:191-194
  31. Saffari, M. and Saffari, V.R.(2012). Effects of media and indole butyric acid (IBA) concentrations on hopbush ( Dodoneae viscosa L.) cuttings in green house. Annals of Forest Research, 55(1) : 61-68.
  32. Shahab, M., Ayub, G., Rahman, A. , Rashid, A. , Jamal, A. and Ali, J.(2013) . Assessment of IBA (Indole Butyric Acid) levels and planting time for rooting and growth of Alstonia Cuttings. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, 14(3) :59-67.
  33. Sharma, R.S., Ray, P.K. and Singh, B.K. (1991). Influence of growth regulators and time of operation on rooting of air layering in guvava. Orissa Journal Horticulture, 19 : 41- 45.
  34. Siddique, M.S. and Hussain, S.A. (2007). Effect of Indole Butyric Acid and types of cuttings on root Initiation of Ficus Hawaii. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture,23: 44-51.
  35. Singh, K.K., Rawat, J.M.S. and Tomar, Y.K. (2011). Influence of IBA on rooting potential of Torch Glory Bougainvillea glabra during winter season. Journal of Horticultural Science & Ornamental Plants, 3 (2) : 162-165
  36. Singh, S., Bansal, M.L., Singh, T.P. and Kumar, P.(1998). Statistical Methods for Research Workers. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi.
  37. Strydem, D.K. and Hartman, H.T. (1960). Effect of indole butyric acid and respiration and nitrogen metabolism in Marianna 2624 plum softwood stem cuttings. Proceedings of American Society for Horticultural Science, 45(1-2) : 81-82.
  38. Swedan, A.A., Edriss, M.H., Alhamed, A., Yusre, A. (1993). Root initiation in the plum rootstock Marianna and the promotive effects of co-factors. Egyptian Journal of Horticulture, 20(1) :43-55.
  39. Tajbakhsh, M., Korkan, M. and Ghiyasi, M .(2009). Effect of timing on callus formation and rooting ability in IBA-treated hardwood stem cutting of Persian walnut, hazelnut and apple. Not. Bot. Hort. Agrobot. Cluj-Napoca, 37: 103-107.
  40. Thind, S.S., Singh, H.P. and Singh, S.(2005).The effect of plant growth regulators and time of plantings on stem cuttings of Peach cv. Shan-i-Punjab. Hort Science, 40(4) :1038
  41. Tworkoski, T. and Takeda, F .(2007). Rooting response of shoot cuttings from three peach growth habits. Scientia Horticulturae, 115: 98-100.
  42. Weaver, R.J.(1972). Plant Growth Substances in Agriculture.W.H.Freeman and Company. San Fransisco, p. 504.

Global Footprints