Management of Cucumber Mosaic Virus through Organic and Inorganic Extracts in Greenhouse

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-202    | Article Id: D-202 | Page : 175-177
Citation :- Management of Cucumber Mosaic Virus through Organic and Inorganic Extracts in Greenhouse.Agricultural Science Digest.2020.(40):175-177
Muhammad Asif Shabbir, Muhammad Ahmad Zeshan, Yasir Iftikhar, Umair Anwar, Ashara Sajid, Faheema Bakhtawar, Rizwan Mahmood, Muhammad Usman Ghani muhammad.ahmad@uos.edu.pk
Address : Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan, 40100.
Submitted Date : 26-09-2019
Accepted Date : 10-03-2020


Cucumber mosaic virus is one of the most devastating and widely distributed pathogen. This was successfully transmitted to indicator plants (chili, tomato and chenopodium) through sap inoculation. After infectivity assay, CMV was inoculated on cucumber plants grown in greenhouse. Management of CMV in cucumber was done with different botanicals (Neem, Eucalyptus) and plant defense activators (Urea, Salicylic acid and milk). These treatments were used 7-10 days after CMV inoculation. Botanicals were used @5m/L, urea @5g/L, salicylic acid @1.5mg/L and milk @1ml/9ml. Among the different treatments neem extract with 15.49% disease incidence was the best in reducing cucumber mosaic virus disease followed by eucalyptus (18.13%), urea (18.65%), salicylic acid (19.46%) and milk (28.12%) in that order. Therefore, neem extract treatment was found to be best for management of CMV.


Botanicals CMV Cucumber Efficacy Resistance


  1. Al-Manhal, A.J. and Niamah A.K. (2015). Effect of aqueous and alcoholic plant extracts on inhibition of some types of microbes and causing spoilage of food. Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. DOI: 10.4172/2155-9600.S5-006.
  2. Arif, M.J., Baig, M.B., Ullah, S., Gogi, M.D., Imtiaz, S.M., Ahmad, G. (2009). Comparative efficacy of some ecofriendly substances/chemicals against cotton whitefly (Bemisia tabaci Genn). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 4(3): 517-519.
  3. Akbar, A., Ahmad, Z., Begum, F., Raees, N. (2015). Varietal reaction of cucumber against cucumber mosaic virus. American Journal of Plant Sciences. 6(07): 833.
  4. Alzohairy, M.A. (2016). Therapeutics role of Azadirachta indica (Neem) and their active constituents in diseases prevention and treatment. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 4: 223-230..
  5. Bachir, R.G. and Benali, M. (2012). Antibacterial activity of the essential oils from the leaves of Eucalyptus globulus against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. 2(9): 739-742.
  6. Benkerroum, N. (2008). Antimicrobial activity of lysozyme with special relevance to milk. African Journal of Biotechnology. 7(25): 11-17.
  7. Butler, G.D., Puri, S.N., Henneberry, T.A. (1991). Plant derived oils and detergent solutions as control agents for Bemisia tabaci and Aphis gossypii on cotton. South-Western Entomology. 16: 331-337.
  8. Butler, G. D. and Henneberry, T.A. (1992). Effect of oil sprays on sweet potato whitefly and phytotoxicity on cotton, watermelons squash and cucumbers. South-Western Entomology. 16: 63-72.
  9. Grube, R.C., Zhang, Y., Murphy, J.F., LoaizaFigueroa, F., Lackney, V.K., Provvidenti, R., Jahn, M.K. (2000). New source of resistance to cucumber mosaic virus in Capsicum frutescens. Plant Disease. 84: 885-891.
  10. Gurjar, M.S., Ali, S., Akhtar, M., Singh, K.S. (2012). Efficacy of plant extracts in plant disease management. Agricultural Sciences. 3(3): 425.
  11. Jalender, P., Bhat, B.N., Anitha, K., Vijayalakshmi, K. (2017). Studies on transmission of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) by sap inoculation in tomato. International Journal of Pure and Applied Biosciences. 5(4): 1908-1912.
  12. Khan, M.A., Afzaal, M. and Nasir M.A. (2003). Evaluation of furnace oil and neem based products to manage Bemisia tabaci and leaf curl virus on cotton. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 35(5): 983-986.
  13. Kirkby, E. and Mengel, K. (1967). Ionic balance in different tissues of the tomato plant in relation to nitrate, urea, or ammonium nutrition. Plant Physiology. 42(1): 6-14.
  14. Ginting, C. (2006). Development of Uredospora Hemilieia vastatrix on ginger and turmeric extracts and cloves and betel leaves. Journal of Tropical Plant Pests and Diseases. 6(1): 52-58.
  15. GOP. (2017). Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Food and Agriculture Division (Planning Unit)(various issues) Islamabad.
  16. Myti, S., Shabbir, A.K., Akhter, S., Uddin, A., Kamruzzaman, M., Faruq, M.O., Biswas, G. C. (2014). Identification of the most prevalent and spatially disperse virus on chilli at Northern and Eastern part of Bangladesh. International Journal of Bioscience. 5: 40-49.
  17. Palukaitis, P., Roossinck, M.J., Dietzgen, R.G., Francki, R.I. (1992). Cucumber mosaic virus Advances in Virus Research. 41: 281-348.
  18. Petrov, N.M. (2015). Mixed viral infections in tomato as a precondition for economic loss. Agricultural Science and Technology. 7(1): 124-128.
  19. Raskin, I. (1992). Role of salicylic acid in plants. Annual Reviewof Plant Biology. 43(1): 439-463.
  20. Roossinck, M.J. (2001). Cucumber mosaic virus, a model for RNA virus evolution. Molecular Plant Pathology. 2(2): 59-63.
  21. Sikora, E.J., Gudauskas, R., Murphy, J., Porch, D. andrianifahanana, M., Zehnder, G., Bauske, E., Kemble, J., Lester, D. (1998). A multivirus epidemic of tomatoes in Alabama. Plant Disease. 82: 117-120.
  22. Steel, R.G.D. and Torri, J.H. (1997). Principles and procedures of statistics: A Biometrics Approach, 2nd ed. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Global Footprints