Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 44 issue 9 (september 2021) : 1038-1045

​Effect of Irrigation Regimes and Phosphorus Fertilization on Water-use Efficiency, Phosphorus-agronomic Efficiency and Yield of Grass Pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) Ecotypes

A.R. Bahramnejad, H. Heidari Sharif Abad, H. Madani
1Department of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University Giroft, Iran.
  • Submitted10-12-2020|

  • Accepted19-04-2021|

  • First Online 05-08-2021|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-604

Cite article:- Bahramnejad A.R., Abad Sharif Heidari H., Madani H. (2021). ​Effect of Irrigation Regimes and Phosphorus Fertilization on Water-use Efficiency, Phosphorus-agronomic Efficiency and Yield of Grass Pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) Ecotypes. Legume Research. 44(9): 1038-1045. doi: 10.18805/LR-604.
Background: Grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) is a crop of immense economic significance. It is one of the most resilient to climate changes and to be survival food during drought-triggered famines.
Methods: In a field study split factorial experiment based on a randomized complete block design with 3 replications were used, effects of irrigation regimes (50, 75 and 100% evaporation of Pan class A) and different rates of phosphorous fertilizer (triple superphosphate 0, 60 and 120 kg/ha) on growth and yield of two grass pea ecotypes (Lalehzar and Sharekord) in Lalezar area (Kerman province, Iran) was carried out during 2018 and 2019.
Result: The results showed that drought stress reduced grass pea seed yield (401 kg/ha-1) and biological yield (863 kg/ha-1) and this reduction was depended on the severity of stress. In the other side, application of phosphorous fertilizer (60 kg/ha-1) increased grass pea yield (2401 kg/ha-1). This means that phosphorus fertilizer could partiaiiy offset the effect of drought stress and had a significant effect on the water use efficiency and phosphorus agronomic efficiency. Finally, drought stress, either no-application phosphorus fertilizer, could decrease yield. Overally, Shahrekord ecotype showed the higher and most desirable grain yield (2401 kg/ha-1), biological yield (5612 kg/ha-1), grain water use efficiency and biological water use efficiency, respectively, with (0.74 and 1.72 m3 water/ha-1) and phosphorus agronomic efficiency (18.76 kg yield/kg P) to the applied treatments (75% irrigation+ triple superphosphate fertilizer 60 kg/ha).

  1. Alizadeh, K., Pooryousef, M. and Kumar, S. (2014). Bi-culturing of grass pea and barley in the semi-arid regions of Iran. Legume Research. 37 (1): 98-100. DOI: 10.5958/LR- 171.

  2. Boukecha, D., Laouare, M., Mekliche Hanif, L. and Harek, D. (2018). Drought tolerance in some population of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.). Legume Research. 41(1): 12-19. DOI: 10.1880/LR-346.

  3. Boyer, J.S. (1982). Plant productivity and environment. Science. 218: 443-448.

  4. Campbell, C.G. (1997). Grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L). Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Gatersleben/ International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy. 1-92.

  5. Choudhary, A.K. and Suri, V.K.  (2014). Scaling up of pules production under frontline demonstration technology progrmme in Himachal Himalayas, India. Communication in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 45(14): 1934-48.

  6. Choudhary, A.K., Pandey, P. and Senthil-Kumar, M. (2016). Tailored responeses to simultaneous drought stress and pathogen infection in plants, in Drought stress Tolerance in Plant Vol. 1 [(eds Hossain, M.A., Wani, S.H., Bhattacharjee, S., Burritt., D.J., Tran, L.S.P., (eds)]. (Cham: Springer International Publishing;). 10: 427-438. 

  7. Dordas, C. A., Lithourgidis, A.S., Matsi, T. and Barbayiannis, N. (2008).   Application of liquid cattle manure and inorganic fertilizers affect dry matter, nitrogen accumulation and partitioning in maize. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 80: 283-296. 

  8. Esmaeilan, K.S. (2017). Agronomy. Payame Noor University Publications. 376pp. 

  9. Fanaei, H.R., Piree, E. and Narouei, M.R. (2014). Assessing the effect of different rates of phosphorous fertilizer on grain and oil yield and some agronomic traits of Indian mustard (Brassica junceae L.) under drough stress. Iranian Journal of Environmental Stresses in Crop Science.University of Birjand. 6(2): 147-157.

  10. Ghaedi, R. (2014). Effect of hydro priming and irrigation regimes on yield, yield components and grain quality of Pinto beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L).  MS.c. Thesis. Isfahan University of Technology, 115pp.

  11. Harrier, L.A. and Watson, C.A. (2003). The role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in sustainable cropping systems. Advances in Agronomy. 42: 185-225.

  12. Hasan, S.M., Rabei, S.H., Nada, R.M. and Abogadallah, G.M. ( 2016). Water use efficiency in the drought-stressed sorghum and maize in relation to expression of aquaporin genes. journal Biologia Plantarum, 61(1): 127-137.

  13. Heydari Sharif Abad, H. (2019). Total Factors Productivity. Pars Andisheh Publications. 649pp.

  14. Jackson, M.L. (1967). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Dehli.

  15. Khan, M.B., Lone, M., Ulah, M., Kaleen, S. And Ahmed, M. (2010). Effect of different phosphorus fertilizers on growth attributes of wheat. Journal of American Science. 6(12): 1256-1262.

  16. Kumar, A., Choudhary, A.K. and Suri, V.K. (2015). Influence of AM- fungi and applied phosphorus on growth indices,production efficiency, phosphorus–use efficiency and fruit–succulence in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus)–pea (Pisum  sativum) cropping system in an acid Alfisol. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 85(8): 1030-7.

  17. Kumar, A., Choudhary, A.K. and Suri, V.K. (2016). Influence of AM fungi, inorganic phosphorus and irrigation regimes on plant water relations and soil physical properties in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) – pea (Pisum sativum L.) cropping system in Himalayan acid alfisol. Indian Journal of Plant Nutrition. 39(5): 666-682. DOI: 10.1080/ 01904167.2015.1087030.

  18. Lindsay, W.L. and Norvell, W.A. (1978). Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Science Society of American Journal. 42: 421-8. DOI: 10.2136/ sssaj1978.03615995004200030009x.

  19. Mozaffari, F., Ghorbanli, M., Babai, A. and Sepehr, M.F. (2000). The effect of water stress on the seed oil of Nigella sativa L. Journal of Essential Oil Research. 12: 36-38.  

  20. Piper, C.S. (1950). Soil and Plant Analysis. New York, USA: Scientific Publishers Inc.

  21. Rastegari, E., Madah Hoseini, Sh. and Azari, A. (2015). Effect of different Irrigation levels on some quality and quantity traits of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.). Journal of Crops Improvement. 17(3): 701-711.

  22. Walkley, A. and Black, C.A. (1934). An examination of the Dagtjareff (wet acid) method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science. 37: 29-38. DOI: 10.1097/00010694- 193401000.00003.

  23. Yadav, A., Suri, V.K., Kumar, A. and Choudhary, A.K. (2017). Effect of AM fungi and phosphorus fertilization on P-use efficiency, nutrient acquisition and root morphology in pea (Pisum sativum L.) in an acid Alfisol. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 41(6):689-701.DOI:10.1080/1904167.2017.1406107.

  24. Zhang, Y., Li, Y., Xiao, O.K. and Wang, F. (2006). Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus application rate on population growth and grain yield of Hybrid wheat. Chineze journal of Applied Ecology. 17(9): 1599-1603. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)