Effects of Planting Distance and Seed Rate on the Growth and Yield of Egusi Melon (Citrullus colocynthis)

DOI: 10.18805/LR-566    | Article Id: LR-566 | Page : 328-333
Citation :- Effects of Planting Distance and Seed Rate on the Growth and Yield of Egusi Melon (Citrullus colocynthis).Legume Research.2021.(44):328-333
Cajethan U. Ugwuoke, Agatha A. Asogwa, Chinyere R. Okwo, Francis M. Onu, Godwin E. Eze, Fredrick C. Onah cajethan.ugwuoke@unn.edu.ng
Address : Department of Agricultural Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. 
Submitted Date : 3-05-2020
Accepted Date : 29-08-2020


Background: Egusi melon production is declining, even though the crop plays a significant role in the well-being of farmers. Few farmers that grow the crop do not allow adequate spacing and seed rate which compels the crop to produce flourishing vegetative parts without producing many fruits. The study was therefore, aimed at determining the effect of planting distance and seed rate on the growth and yield of egusi melon. 
Methods: A split-plot design which was replicated thrice was adopted to carry out the study during 2018 and 2019 planting seasons. Twenty-four plots were made and were randomly assigned to eight treatment groups with each replicating thrice. The egusi melon seeds were sown in four different seed rates of one seed/hole, two seeds/hole, three seeds/hole and four seeds/hole and four different spacing of 30cm × 50cm, 45cm × 70cm, 60cm × 60cm and 60cm × 90cm respectively. Analysis of variance was used to analyze the data collected and was tested at 0.05 level of probability. 
Result: The number of leaves/plant, branches/plant, flowers/plant, fruits/plant and fruit weight (g) were significantly higher in egusi melon planted at 60cm × 90cm. Furthermore, the parameters measured were significantly higher in egusi melon planted at 1 seed/hole. 


Egusi melon Legume Performance Planting distance Seeds


  1. Abdulazeez, A. (2018). Effect of three intra-row spacing (50cm, 25cm and 10cm) on growth, yield and biological characteristics of Senna obtusifolia: A plant for economic diversification in the tropical zone. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. 11(1): 38-45.
  2. Agba, O.A., Adiaha, M.S., Asiegbu, J.E., Mbah, B.N. (2014). Effect of plant population on the growth and yield of Mucuna flagellipes (Vogel Ex Hook) in an ultisol, South Nigeria. World Scientific News. 60(1): 1-12.
  3. Akpanbange, V.O.E., Amoo, I.A., Izuagi, A.A. (2008). Comparative Compositional Analysis on two varieties of Melon (Colocynthis citrullus and Cucumeropsis edulis) and a variety of almond (Prunus amygdalus). Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences. 4(6): 639-642.
  4. Al-Suhaibani, N., El-Hendawy, S., Schmidhalter, U. (2013). Influence of varied plant density on growth, yield and economic return of drip-irrigated faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Turkish Journal of Field Crops. 18(2): 185-197.
  5. Amali, E.P., Kortse, P., Vange, T. (2013). The quality of ‘egusi’ melon (Citrullus lanatus thumb) matsum and Nakai) seed derived from fruit harvested at different growth stages and different positions on the mother plant. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication. 3(6): 56-60.
  6. Bankole, S.A., Osho, A., Joda, A.O., Enukuomehin, O.A. (2005). Effects of drying method on the quality and storability of ‘egusi’ melon seeds (Colocynthis citrullus L.). African Journal of Biotechnology. 4(8): 799-803.
  7. Cox, W.J., Cherney, J.H. (2011). Growth and yield response of soybean to row spacing and seeding rate. Agronomy Journal. 103(1): 123-128.
  8. Duncan, J., Ewing, J. (2015). Specialty melon production for small and direct-market growers. ATTRA Sustainable Agriculture.
  9. ECHO (2019). ECHO plant information sheet. https://www. echo community.org/en/resources/2971610f-e809-49dc-b26a-e5597d373176.pdf. 
  10. Ekpo, T.U., Udosen, U.U., Udom, G.N. (2010). Performance of maize as influenced by weed management options in the rain forest zone of Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 6(1&2): 1-5.
  11. Gurudeeban, S., Satyavani, K., Ramanthan, T. (2010). Bitter apple (Citrullus colocynthis): An overview of chemical composition and biomedical potential. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 1: 1-8.
  12. Hamid, M.A., Islam, M.Z., Biswas, M., Begum, A.A., Saifullah, M., Asaduzzaman, M. (2002). Effect of method of sowing and seed rate on the growth and yield of soybean. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 5(10): 1010-1013.
  13. Ibironke, S.C., Oyeleke, O.W. (2014). Contribution of melon production to livelihood in Oyo state, Nigeria. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. 4(12): 8-18.
  14. Kakahy, A.N.N., Ahmad, D., Abdullahi, A.D. (2012). The effect of planting distance on the yield of beans (Vicia faba L) under drip irrigation. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 7(46): 6110-6114.
  15. Manjesh, M., Adivappar, N., Srinivasa, V., Girijesh, G.K., Sharanabasappe (2019). Effect of plant densities and different environments on the productivity and profitability of yardlong bean (Vigna unguiculate sub sp. Seiquipedalis). Legume Research. 42(3): 348-353.
  16. Masa, M., Tana, T., Ahmed A. (2017). Effect of plant spacing on yield and yield-related traits of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) varieties at Areka, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Plant Biology and Soil Health. 4(2): 1-13.
  17. Mohammed, B.T. (2011). Socio-economic analysis of melon production in Ifelodun Local Government Area, Kwara State, Nigeria. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics. 3(8): 362-367.
  18. Nadeem, M.A., Ali, A., Sohail, R., Maqbool, M. (2004). Effect of different planting pattern on growth, yield and quality of grain legumes. Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences. 2(2): 132-135.
  19. Olaniyi, J.O. (2008). Growth and seed yield response of egusi melon to nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer application. American Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 2(3): 255-260.
  20. Rahman, M.M., Hossain, M.M. (2011). Plant density effects on growth, yield and yield components of two soybean varieties under equidistance planting arrangement. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 10: 278-286.
  21. Schippers, R.R, (2000). African indigenous vegetables. An overview of the cultivated species Chatham, UK: Natural Resources Institute/ACP-EV Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation. Chathan, UK.
  22. Sikka, R., Doel, J.S., Kaur, J., Singh, D. (2018). Effect of sowing dates, mulching and seed rates on nutrient uptake and productivity of soybean in sub-humid Punjab, India. Legume Research. 41(5): 750-754.
  23. Tanko, S.D., Malami, B.S., Bodinga, B.M., Ahmed, H.G., Yahaya, B.A. (2013). Influence of intra row spacing on the growth and fodder yield of Lablab [Lablab purpureus (L)] in semi-Arid Sokoto Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Science. 21(4): 267-272.
  24. Udensi, E.U., Egbage O., Omovbude, S. (2017). Tolerance of egusi-melon [Citrillus colocynthis (L.) schrad] and susceptibility of weeds to Primextra doses. Journal of Applied Biosciences. 110: 10747-10760.
  25. Udoh, D.J., Ndon, B.A., Asuquo, P.E., Ndaeyo, N.U. (2005). Crop Production Techniques for the tropics. Lagos: Concepts publications limited. 
  26. Uguru, M.I. (2011). Crop production: Tools, techniques and practice. Nsukka: Fulladu Publishing Company.
  27. Ugwuoke, C.U., Eze, G.E., Mgbenka, R.N., Omeje, B.A., Osinem, E.C., Machebe, N.S. (2020). Effects of dietary intake of Moringa oleifera leaf meal on the growth performance of pullet chicks. Agricultural Science Digest. 40(2): 194-198.
  28. Vander Vossen, H.A., Denton, O.A., El- Tahir, I.M. (2004). Citrullus lanatus. In: Grubben G.J.H and Denton O.A. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2, vegetables. Wageningen. The Netherlands: CTA; Leiden. The Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers.
  29. Wakweya, K., Meleta, T. (2016). Effect of sowing method and seed rate on the growth, yield and component of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) under highland conditions of Bale, Southeastern Ethiopia. Research Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management. 5(3): 86-94.

Global Footprints