Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 43 issue 1 (february 2020) : 18-24

Genotypic and Phenotypic Variability for Yield and its Components in Normal and Late Sown Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

D. Yücel
1University of Sirnak, Faculty of Agriculture, Field Crops Department, Sirnak- Turkey.
  • Submitted31-05-2019|

  • Accepted03-10-2019|

  • First Online 11-01-2020|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-505

Cite article:- Yücel D. (2019). Genotypic and Phenotypic Variability for Yield and its Components in Normal and Late Sown Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Legume Research. 43(1): 18-24. doi: 10.18805/LR-505.
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is one of the important legumes widely grown for dietary proteins in semi-arid Mediterranean climatic conditions. The main goal of any breeding programs in the world is to produce high yield and better quality genotypes for farmers and commercial growers to be released as cultivars. Present research has been conducted to select more desirable characteristics that may contribute to the improvement of drought tolerant chickpea.  Thirty-two chickpea genotypes along with two control varieties were evaluated in winter and late sowing conditions in 2015 and 2016, in randomized complete block design with three replications. Phenotypic coefficients of variation were found to be higher than genotypic coefficients of variation for all the traits. The highest heritability along with high genetic advance was found for hundred seed weight followed by podding day, plant height, flowering day and first pod height in normal and stress conditions. These traits can be improved by giving special attention during selection. 
  1. Alemu, B., Tesfaye, K., Teklehaimanot, H., Lule, D. (2017). Broad sense heritability and genetic advance for grain yield and yield components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes in western Ethiopia. International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology. 9(4):21-25.
  2. Allard, R.W. (1960). Principles of Plant Breeding. John Willey and Sons, Inc. New York. pp. 485.
  3. Al-Tabbal, A.J., Al-Fraihat, A.H. (2012). Genetic variation, heritability, phenotypic and genotypic correlation studies for yield and yield components in promising barley genotypes. Journal of Agricultural Science. 4 (3):193-210.
  4. Anonymous, (1983). IBM® SPSS® Statistics™ 20 Microsoft product screens hots reproduced with permission from Microsoft Corporation. Licensed Materials - Property of IBM © Copyright IBM Corp. 1983, 2013.U.S. Government Users Restricted Rights - Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.
  5. Burton, G.W. (1952). Quantitative inheritance of grasses. Proc, 6th Grassland Cong. 1: 277-284.
  6. Burton, G.W., De Vane , E.H. (1953). Estimating heritability in tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea L.) from replicated clonal material. Agronomy of Journal. 45:478-481.
  7. Cancý, H., Toker, C. (2009). Evaluation of Annual Wild Cicer species for drought and heat resistance under field conditions. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolutaion. 56:1–6.
  8. Dabholkar, A.R. (1992). Elements of Biometrical Genetics. Concept Publishing Company, New Delhi 110059. pp. 431.
  9. Degal, I.B., Kalia, R., Kumar, B. (2016). Genetic estimates and path coefficient analysis in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under normal and late sown environments. Legume Research. 39(4): 510-516.
  10. Ene, C.O., Ogbonna, P.E., Agbo, C.U., Chukwudi, U.P. (2016). Studies of phenotypic and genotypic variation in sixteen cucumber genotypes. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research. 76(3): 307-313.
  11. Ewoll, M.B., Akromah, R. (2017). Genetic variability, coefficient of variance, heritability and genetic advance of pro-vitamin A maiza Hybrids. International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research. 6(1): 2319-1473.
  12. FAOSTAT. (2013). http://faostat.fao.org/site/339/default.aspx.
  13. Hanson, C.H., Robinson H.F., Comstock, R.E. (1956). Biometrical studies of yield in seg­regating populations of Korean Lespedeza. Agronomy Journal. 48: 268-272.
  14. Ibrikci, H., Knewtson, S.J.B., Grusak, M.A. (2003). Chickpea leaves as a vegeTable green for humans: evaluation of mineral composition. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 83:945-950.
  15. Johnson, H.W., Robinson, H.F., Comstock, L.E. (1955). Genotypic and phenotypic correlation in soybean and their implication in selection. Agron J. 47:477-483.
  16. Jukanti, A.K., Gaur, P.M., Gowda, C.L., Chibbar, R.N. (2012). Nutritional quality and health benefits of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): A review. British Journal of Nutrition. 108: 11–26.
  17. Kadir, K.M., Talebi, R., Hamidi, H. (2017). Multivariate analysis and drought stress tolerance indices in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under different irrigation regimes. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences. 5(1): 55-60.
  18. Kanouni, H., Shahab, M. R., Imtiaz, M., Khalili, M. (2012). Genetic varaition in drought tolerance in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes. Crop Breeding. 2 (2): 133-138.
  19. Meena, H.P., Kumar, J., Ramesh, M. (2014). Evaluation of the reaction of chickpea (Cicerarietinum L.) genotypes to drought conditions using various stress tolerance indices. Legume.Research. 37 (5):453-459.
  20. Meena, H.P., Kumar, J. (2015). Estimation of mean performance and genetic association of yield components and drought related traits in chickpea (Cicerarietinum L.).Legume Research. 38 (1):85-90.
  21. Mohammed, A., Tesso, B., Ojýewo, C., Ahmed, S. (2019). Assessment of genetic variability and heritability of agronomic traits in Ethiopian chickpea (Cicerarietýnum L.) Landraces. Black Sea Journal of Agriculture. 2(1): 10-15.
  22. Robinson, H.F., Comstock, R.E., Harvey, P.H. (1949). Estimates of heritability and degree of dominance in corn. Agronomy Journal. 41:353-359.
  23. Sabaghpour, S. H., Mahmodi, A. K.,Saeed,A.,Kamel, M., Malhotra, R. S. (2006). Study on chickpea drought tolerance lines under dryland condition of Iran. Indian J. Crop Sci. 1 (1-2): 70-73.
  24. Singh, R.K., Chaudhary, B.D. (1999). Biometrical Genetics Analysis, Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi. pp. 318.
  25. Sivasubramanian, S., Madhavamenon, P. (1973).Genetic analysis of quantitative characters in rice through diallel crosses. Madras Agricultural Journal. 60:1097-1102.
  26. Ton, A., Anlarsal, A.E. (2017). Estimation of genetic variability for seed yield and its components in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes. Legume Research. 40(6):1133-1135.
  27. TUIK. (2018). Turkish Statistial Institute. http://www.tuik.gov.tr
  28. Yücel, D., Anlarsal, A.E., Yücel, C. (2006). Genetic variability, correlation and path analysis of yield and yield components in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. 30:183-188.
  29. Yücel, D. (2018). Response of chickpea genotypes to drought stress under normal and late sown conditions. Legume Research. 41 (6):885-890.

Editorial Board

View all (0)