Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 44 issue 11 (november 2021) : 1308-1314

Growth, Productivity and Profitability of Fodder Sorghum and Cluster Bean as Influenced by Mixed Cropping and Nutrient Management

Ankur Bhakar, Magan Singh, Sanjeev Kumar, R.K. Meena, B.L. Meena, Rakesh Kumar, V.K. Meena
1ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132 001, Haryana, India.
  • Submitted19-02-2020|

  • Accepted02-06-2020|

  • First Online 22-08-2020|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-4353

Cite article:- Bhakar Ankur, Singh Magan, Kumar Sanjeev, Meena R.K., Meena B.L., Kumar Rakesh, Meena V.K. (2021). Growth, Productivity and Profitability of Fodder Sorghum and Cluster Bean as Influenced by Mixed Cropping and Nutrient Management. Legume Research. 44(11): 1308-1314. doi: 10.18805/LR-4353.
Background: The year round green forage supply for better health and productivity of the animals can be ensured by mixed cropping of cereal and legume forages along with proper nutrient management. Keeping these facts in mind an experiment was carried out to analyse growth, productivity and profitability of fodder sorghum and clusterbean as influenced by mixed cropping and nutrient management.
Methods: Experiment was laid out in factorial randomized complete block design with four seed rate combinations of sorghum and clusterbean (S1 - sole sorghum, S2 - sole clusterbean, S3 - 75% sorghum + 25% clusterbean and S4 - 60% sorghum + 40% clusterbean) along with six nutrient management treatments (N1 - 100% RDF, N2 - 100% RDF + PGPR, N3 - 100% RDF + seaweed extract, N4 - 75% RDF + PGPR, N5 - 75% RDF + seaweed extract and N6 – 50% RDF + PGPR + seaweed extract) in three replications. The growth of crops was evaluated in terms of plant height, leaf length, leaf width, number of leaves, leaf stem ratio and stem girth which all together contributed towards the fodder yield.
Result: In sorghum crop the growth was not statistically different between the treatments S1 and S3 but in clusterbean sole crop recorded higher growth yet the influence was not significant on all parameters. Among nutrient management N1, N2 and N3 treatments recorded higher growth and thus yield in both crops which was not statistically different from N5 treatment. The correlation study indicated that cumulative influence of these growth parameters resulted in higher green and dry fodder yield under sole crop. Whereas in mixed cropping S3 treatment recorded significantly at par fodder yield to S1. The evidence presented above shows that 75% sorghum + 25% clusterbean mixed cropping treatment with 75% RDF + seaweed extract served its purpose of fodder yield enhancement.
  1. Ayub, M. and Shoaib, M. (2009). Studies on fodder yield and quality of sorghum grown alone and in mixture with guara under different planting techniques. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 46(1): 25-29.
  2. Dutta S, Singh M, Meena R K, Onte S, Basak N, Kumar S and Meena V K. (2019). Effect of Organic and Inorganic Nutrient Sources on Growth, Yield, Nutrient Uptake and Economics of Fodder Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.]. Legume Research. DOI: 10.18805/LR-4181.
  3. Ginwal D S, Kumar R, Ram H, Dutta S, Arjun M and Hindoriya P S. (2019). Fodder productivity and profitability of different maize and legume intercropping systems. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 89(9): 1451-5.
  4. Hamidi, A., Ghalavand, A., Shoar, D., Malakuti, M.J., Asgharzadeh, A. and Chokan, R. (2006). The effects of application of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) on the yield of fodder maize (Zea mays L.). Pajouhesh and Sazandegi. 19(1): 16-22.
  5. Hindoriya P S, Meena R K, Kumar R, Singh M, Ram H, Meena V K and Dutta S. (2019). Productivity and profitability of cereal-legume forages vis-a-vis their effect on soil nutrient status in Indo-Gangetic plains. Legume Research. 42(6): 812-817.
  6. Htet, M.N.S., Ya-qin, P., Ya-dong, X., Soomro, R.N. and Jiang-bo, H. (2016). Effect of intercropping maize (Zea mays L.) with Soybean (Glycine max L.) on green forage yield and quality evaluation. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. 9(12): 59-63.
  7. Ibrahim, K.A., Elsadig, A.M.N., Ahmed, M.E.N. and Mohammed A.E. (2016). Response of guar (Cyamopsis teteragonolopa L.) to bradyrhizobium inoculations in semi-arid environment. International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. 6(4): 137-141. 
  8. Kumhar, M.K., Patel, I.C. and Shaukat, A. (2012). Integrated nutrient management in clusterbean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L. Taubert). Legume Research. 35(4): 350-353. 
  9. Murlidhar, D.S. (2011). Production potential of forage maize (Zea mays L.) – Cowpea (Vignaunguiculata L.) intercropping system as influenced by row ratios. M.Sc. (Agri.) thesis, Anand Agricultural University, Anand, Gujarat. 
  10. Noorbakhshian, S.J. (2015). Effects of mix cropping of alfalfa and annual ryegrass on forage production. Journal of Rangeland Science. 5(2): 11-122.
  11. Shivprasad, M. and Singh, R. (2017). Effect of planting geometry and different levels of nitrogen on growth, yield and quality of multicut fodder sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 6(4): 896-899.
  12. Singh, K. and Balyan, J.S. (2000). Performance of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) plus legumes intercropping under different planting geometries and nitrogen levels. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 45(1): 64-69.
  13. Surve V H, Arvadia M K and Tandel B.B. (2012). Effect of row ratio in cereal-legume fodder under intercropping systems on biomass production and economics. International Journal of Agriculture: Research and Review. 2(1): 32-4.
  14. Tamta, A., Kumar, R., Ram, H., Meena, R.K., Meena, V.K., Yadav, M.R. and Subrahmanya, D.J. (2019). Productivity and profitability of legume-cereal forages under different planting ratio and nitrogen fertilization. Legume Research. 42(1): 102-107. 
  15. Yadav, P.C., Sadhu, A.C. and Swarnkar, P.K. (2007). Yield and quality of forage sorghum (Sorghum sudanense) as influenced by the integrated N management. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 52: 330-334.

Editorial Board

View all (0)