Loading...

Seasonal Abundance of Spotted Pod Borer, Maruca vitrata Fabricius in Early Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] and its Management through Farmscaping in Uttar Pradesh

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4329    | Article Id: LR-4329 | Page : 233-239
Citation :- Seasonal Abundance of Spotted Pod Borer, Maruca vitrata Fabricius in Early Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] and its Management through Farmscaping in Uttar Pradesh.Legume Research.2021.(44):233-239
G.K. Sujayanand, Anup Chandra, Sonika Pandey, Shripad Bhatt sujayanand.GK@icar.gov.in
Address : Division of Crop Protection, ICAR-IIPR, Kanpur-208 024, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 21-01-2020
Accepted Date : 2-05-2020

Abstract

Field experiments were carried out in pigeonpea during Kharif 2014 to Kharif 2017 for Maruca vitrata Fabricius management through farmscaping approach with 7 different border crops (5 leguminous crops; 2 non-leguminous crops) and a sole crop. The M. vitrata larval webbing per plant was lowest and per cent decrease in webbing/plant over sole crop was highest in sorghum (2.05 and 60.95) as border crop followed by pearl millet (3.29 and 37.39). The highest mean number of Coccinella septumpunctata per plant (0.77), Cheilomenes sexmaculata per plant (0.85/plant) and spiders (0.76/plant) was recorded from sorghum as border crop with pigeonpea. The highest percent increase in above said natural enemies over sole crop was also recorded from sorghum as border crop treatment (755.6, 844.4 and 660). The highest pigeonpea yield (730.72 kg/ha) and per cent yield gain (65.81%) was also recorded with sorghum treatment. Among 5 weather parameters tested, day length (1.53) and relative humidity (-0.12) were found to influence the M. vitrata population significantly and its incidence was recorded from 41st SMW to 47th SMW.

Keywords

Bio-intensive IPM Crop diversification Eco-friendly management IPM Legume pod borer Population dynamics

References

  1. Agunbiade, T. A., Coates, B. S., Kim, K. S., Forgacs, D., Margam, V. M., Murdock, L. L., Ba, M. N., Binso-Dabiré, C. L., Baoua, I., Ishiyaku, M. F. and Tamò, M. (2012). The spatial genetic differentiation of the legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata F. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) populations in West Africa. Bulletin of Entomological Research. 102: 589-599.
  2. Anonymous (2018). Pulses Revolution from Food to Nutritional security. p 16. Crops division, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers welfare, Department of Agriculture Co-operation and Farmers Welfare. KrishiBhavan, New Delhi-110001.
  3. Ba, N. M., Margam, V. M., Dabire-Binso, C. L., Sanon, A., McNeil, J., Murdock, L. L. and Pittendrigh, B. R. (2009). Seasonal and regional distribution of the cowpea pod borer, Maruca vitrata Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), in Burkina Faso. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. 29: 109-113.
  4. Chaitanya, T., Sreedevi, K., Navatha, L., Murali Krishna, T. and Prasanti, L. (2012). Bionomics and population dynamics of legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata (Geyer) in Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Current Biotica. 5: 446-453.
  5. Gopali, J. B., Raju, T., Mannur, D. M. and Suhas, Y. (2010). Web-    forming lepidopteran, Maruca vitrata (Geyer): an emerging and destructive pest in pigeonpea. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 23: 35-38.
  6. Grigolli, J. F. J., Lourenção, A. L. F. and Ávila, C. J. (2015). Field Efficacy of Chemical Pesticides against Maruca vitrata Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Infesting Soybean in Brazil. Embrapa Agropecuária Oeste-Artigo emperiódico indexado (ALICE). American Journal of Plant Sciences. 6: 537-544.
  7. Hassan, S. (2009). Effect of variety and intercropping on two major cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp] field pests in Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry. 1: 14-16.
  8. Kavitha, K., Reddy, D. J. and Rahman, S. J. (2013). Impact of different IPM modules on natural enemies of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) in pigeonpea ecosystem in Andhra Pradesh, India. International journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management. 4: 201-208.
  9. Khajuria, S., Rai, A. K., Lata, K. and Jadav, J. K. (2015). Prevalence of Major Insect Pests and Predators of Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan L.) in Middle Gujarat. Journal of Krishi Vigyan. 3 (2): 73-77. 
  10. Kumar, A. S. and Pavviya, A. (2018). Field evaluation of spinetoram 12 SC against Maruca vitrata on pigeonpea. Legume Research-An International Journal. 41(3): 447-453.
  11. Lokesh, S., Muthukrishnan, N., Ganapathy, N., Bapu, J. K. and Somasundaram, E. (2017). Ecological Engineering of Intercropping in Black gram Promotes Services of Coccinellids and Suppress Aphis gossypii (Glover). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 6: 1963-1972.
  12. Margam, V. M., Coates, B. S., Ba, M. N., Sun, W., Binso-Dabire, C. L., Baoua, I. Ishiyaku, M. F., Shukle, J. T., Hellmich, R. L., Covas, F. G. and Ramasamy, S. (2011). Geographic distribution of phylogenetically distinct legume pod borer Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea: Crambidae). Molecular Biology Reports. 38:893-903.
  13. Parthiban, P., Chinniah, C., Baskaran, R. M., Suresh, K. and Ravikumar, A. (2018). Positive Influence of Intercrops on Natural Enemies in Groundnut Eco-System. International Journal of Research Studies in Zoology. 14:1-6.
  14. Prasad, S. N., Singh, R. K. and Kumar, A. (2011). Performance of four intercropping systems under variable monsoon onset conditions in rainfed semi-arid region of Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 56(1): 41-46.
  15. Randhawa, H. S. and Saini, M. K. (2015). Efficacy of different insecticides against pod borer, (Maruca vitrata Geyer) in pigeonpea. Legume Research-An International Journal. 38(5): 687-690.
  16. Rao, M. S. (2008). Pest Management in Organic Farming using Crop-Crop Diversity. Organic Farming in Rainfed Agriculture: Opportunities and Constraints. 119.
  17. Sampathkumar, S. and Durairaj, C. (2015). Relative Abundance of Legume Pod Borer, Maruca vitrata Geyer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) on Pigeonpea and its Relationship with Weather Parameters. Madras Agricultural Journal. 102: 67-70.
  18. Sandeep, K., Kannaujia, S. K., Verma, A. and Singh, V. K. (2013). Study of the IPM module and net return in pigeonpea. Plant Archives. 13(1): 171-172. 
  19. Saxena, K. B., Lateef, S. S., Ariyaratne, H. P., Fonseka, H. H. D. and Dharmasena, C. M. D. (1996). Maruca testulalis damage in determinate and indeterminate lines of pigeonpea. International Pigeonpea Newsletter. 3: 91-93. 
  20. Sharma, H. C. (1998). Bionomics, host plant resistance and management of the legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata-a review. Crop protection. 17: 373-386.
  21. Sharma, H. C. and Franzmann, B. A. (2000). Biology of the legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata (Fabricius) and its damage to pigeonpea and Adzuki bean. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. 20(2): 99-108.
  22. Singh S. P. (1999). The eco-friendly approach. The Hindu: Survey of Indian Agriculture, (Edited by N. Ravi). National Press, Chennai, India.
  23. Singh, R. S., Nath, P. and Kumar, A. (2013a). Effect of biorational approaches for the management of blue butterfly (Lampides boeticus L.) in pigeonpea. Agricultural Science Digest. 33: 299-303.
  24. Singh, R. S., Nath, P. and Kumar, A. (2013b). Effect of sustainable pest management approaches on the population dynamics of spider fauna inhabiting pigeon pea agro-ecosystem. Agricultural Science Digest-A Research Journal. 33: 63-67.
  25. Solanki, R. and Kumar, D. (2015). Spiders (Araneae) from Five Major Agro-Ecosystems of Jambughoda Village, Panchmahal District, Gujarat, India. International Journal of Science and Research. 4: 958-961.
  26. Sonune, V. R., Bharodia, R. K., Jethva, D. M., Rathod, R. T. and Deshmukh, S. G. (2010). Field efficacy of chemical insecticides against spotted pod borer, Maruca vitrata (Fabricius) infesting blackgram. Legume Research-An International Journal. 33(4): 287-290.
  27. Soundararajan, R. P. and Chitra, N. (2012). Impact of intercrops on insect pests of black gram, Vignamungo L. Journal of Entomology. 9: 208-219.
  28. Sreekanth, M., Ratnam, M., Seshamahalakshmi, M., Koteswara Rao, Y. and Narayana, E. (2015). Population build-up and seasonal abundance of spotted pod borer Maruca vitrata (Geyer) on pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp.). Journal of Applied Biology and Biotechnology. 3: 43-45.
  29. Sujayanand, G. K. and Saxena, H. (2013). Insect pest incidence in short duration pigeonpea. Pulses Newsletter October - December. 24(4): 6.
  30. Sujayanand, G. K., Sharma, R. K., Shankarganesh, K., Saha, S. and Tomar, R. S. (2015). Crop diversification for sustainable insect pest management in eggplant (Solanales: Solanaceae). Florida Entomologist. 98:305-314.
  31. Sunitha, V., Rao, G. R., Lakshmi, K. V., Saxena, K. B., Rao, V. R. and Reddy, Y. V. R. (2008). Morphological and biochemical factors associated with resistance to Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in short-duration pigeonpea. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. 28: 45-52.
  32. Taggar, G. K., Singh, R., Cheema, H. K. and Singh, P. (2019). Relative abundance, population dynamics and damage potential of spotted pod borer, Maruca vitrata (Fabricius) on early pigeonpea in Punjab. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science. 39: 229-234.

Global Footprints