Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 44 issue 11 (november 2021) : 1392-1397

Management of Root Rot (Rhizoctonia solani) of Mothbean through Bio-Agents

S.L. Godara, Narendra Singh
1Directorate of Research, Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner-334 006, Rajasthan, India.
  • Submitted26-09-2019|

  • Accepted28-12-2019|

  • First Online 18-03-2020|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-4242

Cite article:- Godara S.L., Singh Narendra (2021). Management of Root Rot (Rhizoctonia solani) of Mothbean through Bio-Agents. Legume Research. 44(11): 1392-1397. doi: 10.18805/LR-4242.
Root rot caused by Rhizoctonia solani is an important disease of mothbean, under severe infestation it causes 58-68 % losses in grain yield. Three-year field experiments were conducted in hot arid conditions at Bikaner, Rajasthan during kharif seasons with the objective to find out suitable eco-friendly management strategies for root rot. The experiment was conducted on cv. RMO-225 with six different combination of Trichoderma harzianum + Pseudomonas fluorescens bio- agents viz, seed treatment, soil treatment and their combinations against the root rot disease and compared with an untreated control. Results of experiment showed that all the treatments brought significant decline in disease incidence and consequently enhancement of grain yield compared to control. The treatment having combination of Trichoderma harzianum + Pseudomonas fluorescens seed treatment (4+4 g/kg seed) + soil application of T. harzianum + P. fluorescens (1.25 +1.25 kg in 50 kg FYM for each/ha) had minimum (21.78 %) root rot incidence, highest grain yield (10.56 q /ha) and net return (Rs. 14,338/ha). The T. harzianum seed treatment 8 g/kg seed + soil application of T. harzianum 2.5kg in 100 kg FYM/ha  was the next best treatment with  25.56 per cent disease incidence and 9.42 q/ha of grain yield. These treatments can provide an effective, economical and eco- friendly management of root rot of mothbean for cultivators.
  1. Abd-El-Khair H, Khalifa R K M and Haggag K H E. (2010). Effect of Trichoderma species on damping off diseases incidence, some plant enzymes activity and nutritional status of bean plants. Journal of American Science. 6: 1–12.
  2. Abhilash, P.C., Dubey, R.K., Tripathi, V., Gupta, V.K. and Singh, H.B. (2016). Plant growth-promoting microorganisms for environmental sustainability. Trends Biotechnol. doi: 10.10 16/j.tibtech.2016.05.005.
  3. Anonymous (2014). Commissionerate of Agriculture, Rajasthan, Jaipur. www.krishi.rajasthan.gov.in
  4. Benhamou, N. and Chet, I., (1993). Hyphal interaction between Trichoderma harzianum and Rhizoctonia solani: ultrastructure and gold chemistry of the mycoparasitic process. Phytopath. 83: 1062-1071.
  5. Bisen, K., Keswani, C., Mishra, S., Saxena, A., Rakshit, A. and Singh, H.B. (2015). Unrealized Potential of Seed Biopriming for Versatile Agriculture. In: Nutrient Use Efficiency:from Basics to Advances. (Eds. Rakshit, A., Singh, H.B. and Sen, A.), Springer, India, pp. 193-206.
  6. Conrath U, Pieterse C M J and Mauch-Mani B. (2002). Priming in plant- pathogen interactions. Trends in Plant Science. 7:210-6.
  7. Dubey S C and Patel B. (2001). Evaluation of fungal antagonists against Thanatephorus cucumeris causing web blight of urd and mung bean. Indian Phytopathology. 54: 206–9.
  8. Dubey, S. C. (2003). Integrated management of web blight of urd mung bean by bio-seed treatment. Indian Phytopath. 56:34-38.
  9. Dubey, S.C., Tripathi, A. and Singh, Birendra. (2012). Combination of soil application and seed treatment formulations of Trichoderma species for integrated management of wet root rot caused by Rhizoctonia solani in chickpea (Cicer arietinum). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 82: 356-62.
  10. El-Mougy N S and Abdel-Kader M. M. (2008). Long-term activity of bio-priming seedtreatment for biological control of faba bean root rot pathogens. Australasian Plant Pathology. 37: 464–71.
  11. Gonzalez, Garcia V, Portal, O. M. A. and Rubio, S. V. (2006). Review, Biology and systematic of the form genus Rhizoctonia. Spanish J Agri. Res. 4: 55–79.
  12. Howell C R. (2003). Mechanisms employed by Trichoderma species in the biological control of plant diseases: the history and evolution of current concepts. Plant Disease. 87:4–10.
  13. Ishtiaq S and Raziq F. (2006). In vitro integrated control of Rhizoctonia solani kühn with species of Trichoderma and ridomil. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 22: 491–5.
  14. Kaiser, N. J. (1970). Rhizoctonia stem canker disease of mungbean in Iran. Pl. Dis. Rep. 54: 240–250.
  15. Kataria, H. R. and Gisi, U. (1996). Chemical control of Rhizoctonia species. In: Rhizoctonia species: Taxonomy, Molecular Biology, Ecology, Pathology and Disease Control. [Sneh B. Jabaji- Hare S, Neate S, Dijst G (Eds)]. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands. pp 537-47.
  16. Kataria, H. R. and Grover, R. K. (1977). Comparison of fungicides for the control of Rhizoctonia solani causing damping off of mungbean. Ann. Appl. Biol. 88:257-263.
  17. Keswani, C. (2015a). Ecofriendly management of plant diseases by biosynthesized secondary metabolites of Trichoderma spp. J. Brief Idea. 10.5281/zenodo.15571.
  18. Keswani, C., Bisen, K., Singh, S.P., Sarma, B.K. and Singh, H.B. (2016b). A proteomic approach to understand the tripartite interactions between plant-Trichoderma pathogen: investigating the potential for efficient biological control. In: Plant, Soil and Microbes Vol. 2. Mechanisms and Molecular Interactions. (eds. Hakeem, K.R. and Akhtar, Mohd. Sayeed). pp. 79-93.
  19. Keswani, C., Mishra, S., Sarma, B.K., Singh, S.P. and Singh, H.B. (2014). Unraveling the efficient application of secondary metabolites of various Trichoderma. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 98: 533-544.
  20. Lorito, M., Woo, S. L., Harman, G. E. and Monte, E. (2010). Translational research on Trichoderma: from ‘omics to the field. Annu Rev. Phytopath. 48: 395–417.
  21. Montealegre J, Valderrama L, Sánchez S, Herrera R, Besoain X and Pérez L M. (2010). Biological control of Rhizoctonia solani in tomatoes with Trichoderma harzianum mutants. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology. 13: 1–11.
  22. Panse, V. G. and Sukhatme, P. V. (1967). Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers. 2nd ed. IARI Publisher, New Delhi. pp 146-153.
  23. Pooniya, V. Choudhary, A.K., Dass, A., Bana, R.S., Rana, K.S., Rana, D.S., T. yagi, V.K. and Puniya, M.M. (2015). Improved crop management practices for sustainable pulse production: An Indian perspective. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 85: 747-58.
  24. Raguchander T, Rajappan K and Samiyappan R. (1998). Influence of biocontrol agents and organic amendments on soybean root rot. International Journal of Tropical Agriculture.16: 247–52.
  25. Saksena, H. K. and Dwivedi, R. P. (1973). Web blight of blackgram caused by Thanatephorus cucumeris. Indian J Farm Sci. 1: 58–61.
  26. Singh S and Chand H. (2006). Screening of bio-agents against root rot of mungbean caused by Rhizoctonia solani. Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences. 71: 33–5.
  27. Singh, H.B. (2014). Management of Plant Pathogens with Microorganisms. Proc. Indian. Nat. Sci. Acad. 80: 443-454.
  28. Sivan A and Chet I. (1986). Biological control of Fusarium spp. In cotton, wheat and muskmelon by Trichoderma harzianum. Journal of Phytopathology. 116: 39–47.
  29. Taylor A G and Harman G E. (1990). Concept and technologies of selected seed treatments. Annual Review of Phytopathology. 28: 321–39.
  30. Vinale, F., Sivasithamparam, K., Ghisalberti, E.L., Marra, R., Barbetti, M.J., Li, H., Woo, S.L. and Lorito, M. (2008). A novel role for Trichoderma secondary metabolites in the interactions with plants. Physiol. Mol. Plant Pathol. 72: 80-86.
  31. Vishwadhar and Chaudhary, R. G. (2001). Disease resistance in pulse crops-current status and future approaches. (in) The Role of Resistance in Intensive Agriculture, Nagarajan S and Singh D P (Eds), Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi. pp 144–-57. 
  32. Wright B, Rowse H R and Whipps J M. (2003). Application of beneficial microorganisms to seeds during drum priming. Biocontrol Science and Technology. 13: 2599–614.
  33. Zeilinger, S. and Omann, M. (2007). Trichoderma biocontrol: signal transduction pathways involved in host sensing and mycoparasitism. Gene Regul. Syst. Biol. 1: 227-234.

Editorial Board

View all (0)