Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 44 issue 11 (november 2021) : 1322-1327

Influence of Foliar Application of Nutrient on Growth, Yield, Economics, Soil Nutritional Status and Nutrient Uptake of Soybean

S.A. Jaybhay, Philips Varghese, S.P. Taware
1Maharashtra Association for the Cultivation of Science, Agharkar Research Institute, Pune-411 004, Maharashtra, India.
  • Submitted20-08-2019|

  • Accepted08-11-2019|

  • First Online 17-02-2020|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-4218

Cite article:- Jaybhay S.A., Varghese Philips, Taware S.P. (2021). Influence of Foliar Application of Nutrient on Growth, Yield, Economics, Soil Nutritional Status and Nutrient Uptake of Soybean. Legume Research. 44(11): 1322-1327. doi: 10.18805/LR-4218.
A field experiment was carried out during kharif season of 2016 and 2017 at an experimental farm of MACS Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, India to study the influence of foliar application of nutrient on growth, yield, economics, soil nutritional status and nutrient uptake of soybean crop. An experiment was laid out in randomized block design (RBD) comprising of three replications and nine treatments. Recommended dose of fertilizers (RDF) was applied as basal application to all treatments. Seven treatments consisted of different doses of nutrients as foliar application at pod initiation stage. Water spray at pod initiation stage and RDF alone were treated as control. The results revealed that, growth attributes, nodulation and its weight, morpho-physiological parameters, yield and its attributes, nutritional parameters and economics significantly differed by various foliar nutrition treatments except control and RDF + water spray. RDF + Urea 2% (3098 kg ha-1) gave significantly higher seed yield over control (2704 kg ha-1) and RDF + water spray (2686 kg ha-1) but was at par with RDF + DAP 2% (3050 kg ha-1), RDF + MOP 0.5% (2992 kg ha-1) and RDF + Molybdenum 0.5% (2955 kg ha-1). The increase in seed yield with foliar application of 2% Urea along with RDF was 14.57% over control and 15.34% over RDF + water spray. Higher net returns (Rs. 49,006/- ha-1) and benefit: cost ratio (2.23:1) was obtained in treatment RDF + Urea 2% followed by RDF + DAP 2% foliar spray. Availability of N, P and K was significantly higher with treatment RDF + Urea 2% foliar spray over control and RDF + water spray. N and P uptake by soybean plants was significantly higher in treatment RDF + 2% Urea over RDF + water spray and RDF alone (control).
  1. Banasode, C. and Math, K.K. (2018). Effect of foliar fertilization of water soluble fertilizers on growth and economics of soybean in a Vertisol. J. Pharmacogn. Phytochem. 7(2): 2391-2393.
  2. Chunmei, Gu., Pan, H., Sun, Z. and Qin, G. (2010). Effect of soybean variety on anti-nutritional factors content and growth performance and nutrients metabolism in rat. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11 (3): 1048-1056. 
  3. Eman, A., Latif, M.A. and Haggan, E.L. (2014). Effect of micro nutrients foliar application on yield and quality traits of soybean cultivars. Int. J. Agric. Crop Sci. 7 (11): 908-914.
  4. Fageria, N.K., Barbosa, F.M.P., Moreira, A. and Guimaraes, C.M. (2009). Foliar fertilization of crop plants. J. Plant Nutri. 32(6): 1044-1064. 
  5. Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research (2nd Edn.). John Wiley and Sons, New York. pp. 680.
  6. Huang, Y., Liu, X., Shen, Y. and Jin, J. (2014). Assessment of agricultural drought indicators impact on soybean crop yield: A case study in Iowa, USA. Proc. Third International Conference on Agro-Geoinformatics, Beijing: PP 1-6.
  7. Jackson, M.L. (1967). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi: P. 205.
  8. Jackson, M.L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India (Pvt.) Limited, New Delhi, India.
  9. Jyothi, N.C., Ravichandra, K. and Sudhakar, B.K. (2013). Effect of foliar supplementation of nitrogen and zinc on soybean (Glycine max. L.) yield, quality and nutrient uptake. Indian J. Dryland Agric. Res. Dev. 28: 46-48. 
  10. Kalpande, V.G., Durge, D.V. and Thorat, A.W. (2010). Effect of foliar application of chemical fertilizers on growth parameters of soybean. Ann. Plant Physio. 24(1): 8-12. 
  11. Liu, K. (2000). Expanding soybean food utilization. Food Tech. 54: 46-58.
  12. Meena, D., Chandra, B., Anil, S., Choudhary, S. and Sirazuddin. (2017). Effect of foliar application of nutrients on nodulation, yield attributes, yields and quality parameters of Urdbean (Vigna Mungo (L.) Hepper. The Bioscan 12(1): 411-414.
  13. Meena, D.S., Narolia, R.S., Chaman Jadon and Baldev Ram. (2018). Impact of foliar spray of nutrients on yield and economics of soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill). Soy. Res. 16 (1&2): 57-62.
  14. Mitra, R., Pawar, S.E. and Bhatia, C.R. (1987). Effect of Foliar Spray of Nutrients and Plant Growth Regulators (PGRs) for Yield Maximization in Blackgram. International Symposium, Bangkok, Thailand 16-20. AVRDC (Tropical Vegetable Information Service).
  15. Odeleye, F.O., Odeleye, O.M.O. and Animashaun, M.O. (2007). Effects of nutrient foliar spray on soybean growth and yield (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) in south west Nigeria. Not. Bot. Horti. Agrobot. Cluj. Napoca. 35: 22-32.
  16. Oko, B.F.D., Eneji, A.E., Binang, W., Irshad, M., Yamamoto, S., Honna, T. and Endo, T. (2003). Effect of foliar application of urea on reproductive abscission and grain yield of Soybean. J. Plant Nutri. 26: 1223-1234.
  17. Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V., Wantanable, F.S. and Dean, L.A. (1954). Estimation of available phosphorus in soil by extraction with Sodium bicarbonate. United State Department of Agriculture CIRC., Washinton, D.C.: 939.
  18. Parmar, K.D., Sharma, T.R., Sani, J.P. and Sharma, V. (1999). Response of french bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) to nitrogen and phosphorus in cold desert area of Himachal Predesh. Indian J. Agron. 39 (4): 578-580.
  19. Prince, S.J., Murphy, M., Mutava, R.N., Zhang, Z., Nguyen, N., Kim, Y.H. and Nguyen, H.T. (2016). Evaluation of high yielding soybean germplasm under water limitation. J. Integr. Plant Biol. 58: 475-491.
  20. Sharifi, S.K., Lalitha, B.S., Qasimullah, R., Prajwal Kumar, G.K. and Manjanagouda, S.S. (2018). Effect of foliar application of water soluble fertilizer on growth and yield of soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill), Int. J. Pure Appl. Biosci. 6(5): 766-770. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.6731.
  21. SOPA-The Soybean Processors Association of India (2017). All India state wise Soybean area, production and productivity. 
  22. Subbiah, B.V. and Asija, G.L. (1956). A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soil. Curr. Sci. 25: 259.
  23. Vinothkumar, C., Vaiyapuri, K., Amanullah, M.M. and Gopalaswamy, G. (2013). Influence of foliar spray of nutrients on yield and economics of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) J. Biol. Sci. 13 (6): 563-565.
  24. Watson, D.J. (1947). Comparative physiological studies on the growth of field crops I. Variation in NAR and LAR between species and varieties and within and between years. Ann. Bot. (London) 11: 41-46.
  25. Williams, R.F. (1946). The physiology of plant growth with special reference to the concept of net assimilation rate. Ann. Bot. 10: 41-72.

Editorial Board

View all (0)