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Assessment of Genetic Variability, Diversity and Trait Correlation Analysis in Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Genotypes

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4208    | Article Id: LR-4208 | Page : 252-260
Citation :- Assessment of Genetic Variability, Diversity and Trait Correlation Analysis in Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Genotypes.Legume Research.2021.(44):252-260
T. Basavaraja, L. Manjunatha, Rahul Chandora, S. Gurumurthy, N.P. Singh basu86.gpb@gmail.com
Address : ICAR- Indian Institute of Pulses Research (IIPR), Kalyanpur, Kanpur-208 024, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Submitted Date : 9-08-2019
Accepted Date : 27-12-2019

Abstract

The present investigation was undertaken to study the genetic variability, diversity through cluster analysis and correlation among yield attributing traits. The experimental material is comprised of 63 diverse germplasm accessions including three check varieties were evaluated in augmented design during Rabi 2015-16 at IIPR, Kanpur. In this study, totally nine traits, namely, days to fifty per cent flowering (DF), days to maturity (DM), plant height (PH), number of branches per plant (NBP), number of pods per plant (NPP), pod length (PL), seeds per pod (SPP), 100 seeds wt (g) (HSW) and seed yield per plant (g) (SYP) were recorded. The results exhibited that the analysis of variance noticed significant differences among the genotypes for all characters studied. The genetic variability parameter showed that phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) were higher than those of genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) for all the traits studied. Higher GCV coupled with heritability and genetic advance as % mean was recorded for PH, NPP, HSW and SYP. Likewise, high heritability coupled with high genetic advance as % mean was recorded in DF, PH, NPP, PL, HSW and SYP. Trait association study revealed that the seed yield per plant exhibited significant positive correlation with NBP, NPP, NSP and HSW. In the same pattern, Euclidian clustering analysis displays 63 genotypes were grouped to two major clusters. From this investigation, it was observed that all genotypes showed sufficient genetic variability for the traits studied. The genotype such as EC400414, EC400398, ET8415 and EC540173 were superior to check varieties in terms of morphological and other agronomic traits. These genotypes could be utilized in breeding programme for improvement of specific traits. 

Keywords

Cluster analysis Common bean Genetic variability Morphological traits

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