Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 44 issue 8 (august 2021) : 956-961

Integrated Effect of Pre-Sowing Seed Treatment, Sowing Windows and Seasons on Seed Yield and Quality of Greengram

Krishna Devi, Purna K. Barua, Meghali Barua
1Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat-785 013, Assam, India.
  • Submitted27-05-2019|

  • Accepted04-09-2019|

  • First Online 09-11-2019|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-4174

Cite article:- Devi Krishna, Barua K. Purna, Barua Meghali (2021). Integrated Effect of Pre-Sowing Seed Treatment, Sowing Windows and Seasons on Seed Yield and Quality of Greengram. Legume Research. 44(8): 956-961. doi: 10.18805/LR-4174.
An experiment was conducted to study the effect of presowing seed treatment, sowing windows and seasons on seed yield and quality of greengram by sowing the treated seeds on two dates each in summer and kharif. The treatments viz., 8 hours of water soaking; priming with 100 ppm MnSO4, 1% neem leaf extract, 5 ppm GA3, 1% KCl; coating with 10 ml linseed oil, 50 gm rhizobium, 4 g Trichoderma per kg seed; combination of neem leaf extract priming and rhizobium coating, combination of linseed oil and rhizobium coating. Seed quality and yield was highly influenced by seed treatments, dates and seasons; treatment and seasonal effects being greater than sowing dates. GA3, KCl and MnSO4 primed seed found most effective for enhancing the seed quality and yield. Summer season was better than kharif season for both seed quality and yield.
  1. Ashraf, M. and Foolad, M.R. (2005). Pre-sowing seed treatment-A shotgun approach to improve germination, plant growth and crop yield under saline and non saline conditions. Advances in Agronomy. 88: 223-265.
  2. Barua, M. and Barua, P.K. (2000). Seasonal effect on seed yield and quality in greengram. Seed Research. 28(2): 153-157.
  3. Borthakur, L. (2018). Seed coating effects on green gram seedling establishment under high moisture stress. M.Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, Assam Agricultural University, Assam.
  4. Bradford, K.J., Steiner, J.J., Trawatha, S.E. (1990). Seed priming influence on germination and emergence of pepper seed lots. Crop Science. 30: 718-721.
  5. Copeland, L.O. and McDonald, M.B. (1995). Principles of Seed Science and Technology, 30th Ed. Chapman and Hill, New York.
  6. Debbarma, A., Devi, J., Barua, M. (2018). Seed priming durations and concentrations influence on germination and seedling growth of bitter gourd. Vegetable Science. 45: 137-139.
  7. Debbarma, A., Devi, J., Barua, M., Sarma, D. (2017). Germination performance of chilli and coriander as affected by seed priming treatments. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 7: 2648-2652.
  8. Dheeba, B., Selvakumar, S., Kannan, M., Kannan, K. (2015). Effect of gibberellic acid on black gram (Vigna mungo) irrigated with different levels of saline water. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences. 6: 709-720.
  9. Ganesh, S.K., Sundaramoorthy, P., Baskaran, L., Rajesh, M., Rajasekaran, S. (2013). Effect of pre-sowing hardening treatments using various plant growth hormones on two varieties of green gram germination and seedling establishment. International Journal of Modern Biology and Medicines. 3: 78-87.
  10. Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
  11. Heydecker, W. (1974). Germination of an idea: the priming of seeds. Rep. 1973, Univ. Nottingham School Agric. Part III.pp. 50-67.
  12. Islam, M.S., Abdul, M.B.M., Hossain, T., Ahmed, J.U., Khan, H.I. (2012). Priming on embryo emergence and seedling vigour of small-fruited bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) under sub-optimal temperature. International Journal of Agricultural Science Research. 2:1-10. 
  13. ISTA. (1985). International rules for seed testing. Seed Science Technology. 13: 356-513. 
  14. Jamil, M. and Rha, E.S. (2007). Gibberellic acid enhances seed water uptake, germination and early seedling growth in sugar beet under salt stress. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 10: 654-658. 
  15. Kamaraj, A. and Padmavathi, S. (2012). Effect of seed enhancement treatment using leaf extract on physiological and morphological characteristics of greengram seed ADT 3. International Journal of Current Agricultural Sciences. 4: 110-114.
  16. Mazed, K.M.E.H., Irin, J.I., Mollah, M.K.K., Mahabub, T.S., Reza, R. (2015). Effect of sowing time and seed treatment on growth, yield and quality seed production of chickpea (Bari Chola-6). International Journal of Research & Review. 2 (7): 398-405.
  17. Prasad, N.R. and Karivaratharaju, Y.V. (1994). Hard seededness as influenced by harvesting condition and environment in greengram. Intern. Conf. on Seed Sci. Tech. 46: 21-24.
  18. Raja, K., Sivasubramaniam K., Anandham R. (2019). Seed infusion with liquid microbial consortia for improving germination and vigour in blackgram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper]. Legume Research. 42: 334-340. DOI: 10.18805/LR-3948. 
  19. Rao, P.S., Ankaiah, R., Reddy, B.G. (2012). Effect of pre-sowing and invigoration treatment for better crop establishment of mungbean. International J. of Science and Research. 3: 1926-1929.
  20. Rashid, A., Harris, D., Hollington, P., Ali, S. (2004). On-farm seed priming reduces yield losses of mung bean (Vigna indiata) associated with mung bean YMV in NWFP of Pakistan. Crop Protection. 23: 1119-1124.
  21. Saini, A.P. and Das, K. (1979). Studies on growth and yield of 3 mungbean cultivars. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 22: 147-155.
  22. Sarika, G., Basavaraju, G.V., Bhanuprakash, K., Chaanakeshav, V., Paramesh, R., Radha, B.N. (2013). Investigation on seed viability and vigour of aged seed by priming in french bean. Vegetable Science. 40: 169-73.
  23. Sivakumar, R. and Nandhita, G.K. (2017). Impact of PGRs and nutrient pre-soaking on seed germination and seedling characters of mungbean under salt stress. Legume Research. 40: 125-131.
  24. Tiwari, A.K. and Shivhare, A.K. (2016). Pulses in India: Retrospect and Prospects. Publ. by Ministry of Agri. & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW), Directorate of Pulses Development, Bhopal, M.P. Publ. No.: DPD/Pub.1/Vol. 2/2016, pp. 68. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)