Legume Research

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Legume Research, volume 44 issue 3 (march 2021) : 295-301

Salt induced inhibition in photosynthetic parameters and polyamine accumulation in two legume cultivars and its amelioration by pretreatment of seeds with NaCl

Sabarni Biswas, Paramita Chatterjee, Soumyajit Biswas, Asis Mazumdar, Asok Kumar Biswas
1Department of Botany, Plant Physiology and Biochemistry Laboratory, University Of Calcutta, 35, Ballygunge Circular Road, Kolkata-700 019, West Bengal, India.
  • Submitted05-12-2018|

  • Accepted23-01-2019|

  • First Online 18-04-2019|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-4106

Cite article:- Biswas Sabarni, Chatterjee Paramita, Biswas Soumyajit, Mazumdar Asis, Biswas Kumar Asok (2019). Salt induced inhibition in photosynthetic parameters and polyamine accumulation in two legume cultivars and its amelioration by pretreatment of seeds with NaCl. Legume Research. 44(3): 295-301. doi: 10.18805/LR-4106.
Enhancement of salt tolerance by pretreatment with sublethal dose of NaCl (50mM) has been investigated in arhar (Cajanas cajan L.) and maskalai (Vigna mungo L.) seedlings. Degradation of photosynthetic pigments in both the NaCl stressed legume cultivars resulted in less photosynthetic activity to occur. This was evident from reduced Hill activity recorded. NaCl stress hampered stomatal conductance that subsequently affected internal CO2 concentration, net photosynthetic rate and also transpiration rate. Both the tested cultivars accumulated polyamines to limit cellular damage under such stressed conditions. Increased level of (Spermine+Spermidine)/Putrescine ratio and decreased level of cadavarine were observed in the nonpretreated seedlings grown under NaCl stress. However, seed pretreatment with 50mM NaCl for two hours helped the cultivars to overcome adverse effects caused by NaCl stress on stomatal activity, gas exchange parameters and polyamine contents that resulted the cultivars to acclimate such that it improved their metabolism under saline conditions.
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