Loading...

Effect of phosphorus and sulphur application on their dynamics and nodulation in soil under black gram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper] crop

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4085    | Article Id: LR-4085 | Page : 315-321
Citation :- Effect of phosphorus and sulphur application on their dynamics and nodulation in soil under black gram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper] crop.Legume Research.2021.(44):315-321
Mamta Phogat, A.P. Rai, Sunil Kumar and Padma Angmo mamtaphogat@hau.ernet.in
Address : Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, SKUAST-J,Chatha, Jammu-180 009, India.
Submitted Date : 3-10-2018
Accepted Date : 30-11-2018

Abstract

The experiment comprising of four levels of phosphorus, i.e., 0, 20, 40 and 60 kg ha-1 and three levels of sulphur, i.e., 0, 15 and 30 kg ha-1, was conducted during summer of 2015-16 to investigate the effect of phosphorus and sulphur application on their dynamics in soil under the crop of black gram cv. Uttara. The treatments were laid out in randomized block design (factorial) and replicated three times. The results reveal that the available and organic phosphorus (kg ha-1) significantly increased with each successive application of phosphorus in soil up to highest level (60 kg ha-1) at 20 days after sowing (DAS) of black gram, while it showed decreasing trend with time intervals of 40 DAS and at maturity of black gram. The application of successive doses of sulphur had no significant effect on available and organic phosphorus at each time interval. Similarly, significant increase has also been recorded in available and organic sulphur (kg ha-1) in soil with each successive application of sulphur up to 30 kg ha-1 at 20 DAS of  black gram, thereafter, it showed decreasing trend. The application of successive doses of phosphorus had no significant effect on available and organic sulphur at each time interval. Number of nodules plant-1 also increased significantly with increasing levels of phosphorus and sulphur up to highest level and the optimum values were recorded with combined application of phosphorus 60 kg ha-1 and sulphur 30 kg ha-1.

Keywords

Black gram Nutrients Phosphorus Root nodules Sulphur.

References

  1. Anonymous. (2016). Digest of Statistics. Directorate of Economics & Statistics, J & K, p. 106.
  2. Aulakh, M. S., Pasricha, N. S. and Azad, A.S. (1990). Phosphorus-sulphur interrelationship for soybean on P and S deficient soil. Soil Science, 150: 705-709. 
  3. Bingham, F. T. (1982). Boron. In Methods of Soil Analysis, part 2, [ed, A. L. Page. et al., 2nd ed.,] 431–47. Madison, 
  4. Chesnin, L. and Yien, C. H. (1951). Turbidimetric determination of available sulphate. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc. 15: 149-151.
  5. Chettri, M. and Mondal, S. S. (2004). Response of black gram to different levels of potassium and sulphur under irrigated and non irrigated condition. Legume ResearH, 27 (4); 265-269.
  6. Choudhary, H. P. and Das, S. K. (1996). Effect of P, S and Mo application on yield of rainfed blackgram and their residual effect on safflower and soil and water conservation in eroded soil. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science, 44: 741-745.
  7. Das, S.K. (2017). Effect of phosphorus and sulphur on yield attributes, yield, nodulation and nutrient uptake of green gram [Vigna radiate (L.) wilczek]. Legume Research, 40 (1): 138-143.
  8. Deo, Chandra and Khaldelwal, R. B. (2009). Effect of P and S nutrition on yield and quality of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science, 57: 352-356.
  9. Deshbhratar, P. B., Singh, P. K., Jambhulkar, A. P. and Ramteke, D. S. (2010). Effect of sulphur and phosphorus on yield, quality and nutrient status of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan). Journal of Environmental Biology, 31(6) 933-937.
  10. Dhage, Shubhangi J., Patil, V. D. and Patange, M. J. (2014). Effect of various levels of phosphorus and sulphur on yield, plant nutrient content, uptake and availability of nutrients at harvest stages of soybean [Glycine max (L.)]. International Journal of Current Microbiology, 3(12): 833-844.
  11. Ghosh, P. K., Bandyopadhyay, A. K., Tripati, K. M. and Mishra, A. K. (2003). Effect of integrated management of farm yard manure, phosphor compost, poultry manure and inorganic fertilizers for rainfed jowar in vertisols of Central India. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 48: 1-3.
  12. Hegde, D. M. and Murthy, I. Y. L. N. (2005). Management of secondary nutrients. Indian Journal of Fertilizer, 1: 93-100.
  13. Islam, M. N., Hoque, S. and Islam, A. (2006). Effect of P x S interactions on nutrient concentration and yield of wheat, rice and mungbean. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science, 54: 86-91.
  14. Jackson, M. L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis, Asia Publishing House, Bombay. India. pp 95-96.
  15. Kachhava, K. G., Gawande, D. S., Kohire, O. D. and Mane, S. S. (1997). Influence of various sources and levels of sulphur on nodulation, yield and uptake of nutrient by chickpea. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science, 45: 590-591.
  16. Khatkar, R., Abraham, T. and Joseph, S.P. (2007). Effect of biofertilizers and suphur on growth and yield of blackgram (Vigna mungo L.). Legume Research 30(3): 233-234.
  17. Kour, S., Arora, S., Jalali, V. K. and Mondal, A. K. (2010). Soil sulfur forms in relation to physical and chemical properties of midhill soils of North India. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 41:277–289.
  18. Kumawat, P., Tiwari, R. C., Golada, S., Godara, A. S., Garhwal, R. and Choudhary, R. (2013). Effect of phosphorus sources, levels and biofertilizers on yield attributes, yield and economics of blackgram. Legume Research, 36(1): 70-73. 
  19. Kumpawat, B. S. (2010). Integrated nutrient management in black gram (Vigna mungo) and its residual effect on succeeding mustard (Brassica juncea) crop. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 80:76-09.
  20. Motsara, M. R. (2002). Available nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium status of Indian soils as depicted by soil fertility maps. Fertilizer News, 47(8): 15-21.
  21. Munshi, S. K., Juneja, R. and Juneja, R. (2001). Effect of sulphur on nitrogen assimilation, carbohydrates in nodules as well as leaves and lipids in kernels of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Journal of Plant Biology, 28: 189-198.
  22. Nandal, D. P., Malik, D. S. and Singh, K. P. (1987). Effect of phosphorus levels on Dry matter accumulation of kharif pulses. Legume Research, 19(1): 31-33.
  23. Nawange, D. D., Yadav, A. S. and Singh, R. V. (2011). Effect of phosphorus and sulphur application on growth, yield attributes and yield of chickpea. Legume Research. 34(1): 48-50.
  24. Olsen, S. R., Cole, C. V., Watanbe, F. S. and Dean, L. A. (1954). Estimation of available phosphorus in soil by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. United State Department of Agriculture Circular 939.
  25. Page, A. L. (1982). Methods of Soil Analysis, part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties 2nd ed. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy and Soil Science Society of America.
  26. Patel, H.F., Maheriya, V.D., Attar, S.K. and Patel, H.R. (2018). Nutrient uptake and yield of Kharif green gram as influenced by levels of sulphur, phosphorus and PSB inoculation. Legume Research, 41(3): 405-409.
  27. Randhawa, P. S. and Arora, C. L. (1997). Effect of phosphorus and sulphur on their availabilities in soils. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science, 45(2): 102-104.
  28. Randhawa, P. S. and Arora, C. L. (2000). Effect of Phosphorus and sulphur on their availabilities in soils. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 45: 306-310.
  29. Sarkar, S. , Sarkar, A. and Zaman, A. (2017). Effect of irrigation and phosphorus levels on broad bean (Vicia faba L.) for improving growth, yield and water extraction pattern. Legume Research, 40 (2): 257-263.
  30. Singh, R. P., Singh, R. K., Yadav, S. N., Prasad, L. and Singh, J. (2006). Integrated use of sulphur and molybdenum on growth, yield and quality of blackgram. Legume Research., 18 (2) : 214-217.
  31. Singh, R.P., Gupta, S.C. and Yadav, A.S., (2008). Effect of levels and sources of phosphorus and PSB on growth and yield of blackgram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper). Legume Research, 31(2): 139-141.
  32. Sinha, R. B., Sakal, R. and Kumar, S. (1995). Sulphur and phosphorus nutrition of winter maize in calcareous soil. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science, 43: 413-418.
  33. Steel, R. G. D. and Torrie, J. H. (1980). Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach, 2nd Edn. McGraw Hill, New York, USA. 
  34. Tanwar, S. P. S., Sharma, G. L. and Chahar, M. S. (2003). Effect of phosphorus and biofertilizers on yield, nutrient content and uptake by blackgram. Legume Research., 26 (1) : 39-41. 
  35. Teotia, U. S., Mehta U. S., Ghosh, D. And Srivantava, P.C. (2001). Phosphorus sulphur interaction in mung bean on yield, nitrogen, phosphorus and magnesium contents in mung bean (V. rediata). Legume Research, 24 (4): 272-274. 
  36. Thakur, R. C. and Negi, S. (1985). Effect of fertilizers and rhizobium inoculation in black gram. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 30(4): 501-504.
  37. Thesiya, N. M., Chovatia, P. K. and Kikani, V. L. (2013). Effect of potassium and sulphur on growth and yield of black gram [vigna mungo (l.) hepper] under rainfed condition. Legume Research., 36 (3): 255-258.
  38. Tiwari, K. N. and Gupta, B. R. (2006). Sulphur for sustainable high yield agriculture in Uttar Pradesh. Indian Journal of Fertilizer, 2: 37-52.
  39. Togay, N. and Parsak, D. (2014). Performance of lentil [Lens culinaris (medic.)] as influenced by sulphur and phosphorus fertilization. Legume Research, 37 (6): 607-613.
  40. Trivedi, S.K. (1996). Response of blackgram to nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur. Legume Research 19: 7-9. 
  41. WI: ASA and SSSA.
  42. Williams, C. H. and Steinbergs, A. (1959). Soil sulphur fractions as chemical indices of available sulphur in some Australian soils. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 10: 340-352.
  43. Yadav, B. K. (2011). Interaction effect of phosphorus and sulphur on yield and quality of Cluster bean in Typic Haplustept. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 7(5): 556-560.
  44. Yadav, B.K., Rawat, U.S., and Meena, R.H. (2012). Influence of phosphorus and sulphur on yield and micronutrient uptake by clusterbean [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub] Legume Research, 35(1): 8-12. 

Global Footprints