Effect of seed pelleting with botanicals on germination and seedling growth of clusterbean under induced saline condition

DOI: 10.18805/LR-4060    | Article Id: LR-4060 | Page : 88-93
Citation :- Effect of seed pelleting with botanicals on germination and seedling growth of clusterbean under induced saline condition.Legume Research.2021.(44):88-93
M. Prakash, S. Pallavamallan, G.Sathiyanarayanan and S. Rameshkumar geeth_prakash@yahoo.co.in
Address : Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar-608 002, Tamil Nadu, India.
Submitted Date : 16-07-2018
Accepted Date : 8-11-2018


Cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.)  is an important legume crop. Investigations were undertaken to study the effect of seed pelleting with botanicals viz., Pongamia pinnata, Prosopis juliflora, Vitex nigundo and Albizia amara@ 50, 100, 150 and 200 g kg-1 of seed on germination and seedling growth of cluster bean under induced saline condition viz., EC4, EC8, EC12 and EC16. The experimental results revealed that increased salinity caused harmful effects on germination and seedling growth in terms of germination %, speed of germination, root length, shoot length, dry matter production and vigour index. However, pelleting treatments increased these parameters with more pronounced effect by Pongamia pinnata leaf powder. Higher germination, growth and vigour of seedlings were recorded with Pongamia pinnata leaf powder treatment @ 200g per kg. The next best levels of vigour index was recorded in treatments with Pongamia pinnata leaf powder @ 150g per kg and Prosopis juliflora leaf powder @ 200g per kg only at no salinity and low levels and in high levels of salinity, Albizia amara leaf powder treatment @ 200g per kg performed as the nest best treatment.


Clusterbean Germination Seedling Seed Pelleting.


  1. Abdul-Baki, A.A. and Anderson J.P. (1973). Vigour deterioration of soybean seeds by multiple criteria. Crop Sci., 13: 630-633.
  2. Afzal, I., Basra S.M.A., Ahmad N., Cheema M.A., Warraich E.A. and Khaliq A.. (2002). Effect of priming and growth regulator treatment on emergence seedling growth of hybrid maize. Intl. J. Agrl. Biol.,4:303-306.
  3. Alihan Cokkizgin. (2012). Salinity stress in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Seed Germination. Cokkizgin A. / Not Bot Horti Agrobo. 40: 177-182.
  4. Almansouri, M., Kinet and J.M. Lutts S.. (2001). Effect of salt and osmotic stresses on germination in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.). Plant Soil, 231: 243-254.
  5. Al-Mutawa, M.M. (2003). Effect of salinity on germination and seedling growth of chick pea (Cier arietinum L.) genotypes. Intl. J. Agro. Biol., 5: 227-229.
  6. Ananthi, M., Selvaraju, P. and Srimathi, P. (2015). Effect of seed treatment on seed and seedling quality characters in redgram cv .CO (Rg) 7, Int. J. Sci. Nat.,6(2): 205-208.
  7. Ayers, R.S. and Westcot D. W.. (1985) Water Quality for Agriculture. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 29 Rev. 1., FAO, Rome.
  8. Bhatt, R.K., Jukanti and A.K. Roy M.M.. (2017). Cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.), an important industrial arid legume. Legume Res., 40: 207-214.z
  9. Bhattacharjee. S. (2008). Triadimefon pretreatment protects newly assembled membranesystem and causes up-regulation of stress proteins in salinity stressed Amaranthus lividus L. during early germination. J. Environ. Biol.,29: 805-810.
  10. Georgin Ophelia, A. (2017). Studies on the effect of seed pelleting and foliar spray treatments on seed yield and quality in blackgram (Vigna mungo L.) cv. CO 6. M.Sc. (Ag.) Thesis, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar, Tamilnadu.
  11. Gupta, H. K., Yadav B.P.S., Gupta J.J. and Bujarbaruah K.M.. (1993). Utilization of leguminous roughages in rabbit rations. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 63(4): 481-483.
  12. Harish Babu, D.N., Kempegowda M.L., Kalappa N.D. and Rudra Naik V.. (2005). Comparative evaluation of different pelleting materials on seed performance of French bean and green gram. Karnataka J. Agric. Sci.,18(1): 32-35.
  13. ISTA. (1999). International Rules for Seed Testing. Seed Sci. Technol., (Supplement Rules)27: 25-30.
  14. Kathirvel, P. and Kumudha,P. (2011). Chemical composition of Prosopis juliflora (SW.) D.C (Mosquito Bean).Int. J. Appl. Biol. Pharm.,2 (4): 199-209.
  15. Khajeh-Hosseini, M., Powell A.A. and Bingham I.J., (2003). The interaction between salinity stress and seed vigour during germination of soybean seeds. Seed Sci. Technol., 31: 715-725.
  16. Kumar, D. and Rodge A.B.. (2012). Status, scope and strategies of arid legumes research in India - A review. J. Food Leg., 25: 255-272.
  17. Kumar, D. and Singh N.B.. (2002). Guar in India. Scientific Publishers (India), Jodhpur.
  18. Lluch. C., Tejera N., Cervera J.A.H., Lopez M., Gresa J.R.B., Palma F.J., Gozalvez M., Iribarne C., Moreno E.and Ocana A.. (2007). Saline stress tolerance in legumes. Lotus News Let., 37: 76-77.
  19. Maguire, J. D. (1962). Speed of germination-aid selection and evaluation for seedling emergence and vigor. Crop Science, 2: 176-177. 
  20. Manikandan, S. and Srimathi, P. (2014). Effect of pre sowing botanical seed fortification in grain amaranthus (Amaranthus hypoc hondriacus L.) cv. Suvarna, Current Biotica, 8(3): 294-299.
  21. Mensah, J.K. and Ihenyen J.. (2009). Effects of salinity on germination, seedling establishment and yield of three genotypes of mungbean (Vigna mungo L. Hepper) in Edo State, Nigeria. Nig. Ann. Natural Sci., 8: 17-24.
  22. Natesan P. (2006). Designing integrated seed treatment in blackgram (Vigna mungo (L.)Hepper) for irrigated and rainfed ecosystem. Ph.D. Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore. 
  23. Prakash M., Sathiya Narayanan G., Sunil Kumar B. and Kamaraj A.. (2013). Effect of seed hardening and pelleting on seed quality and physiologicalof rice in aerobic condition. Agric. Sci. Digest., 33(3): 172-177.
  24. Prakash, M., Sathiya narayanan G. and Sunil Kumar B.. (2014). Fly ash seed pelleting enhances growth and yield in bhendi. Agric. Sc. Dig., 34 (1): 49-51. 
  25. Premalakshmi, V., Arumugam T., Deepa Devi N.and Ramesh Kumar S.. (2017). Development of new variety in clusterbean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba). Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci., 6: 2541-2545.
  26. Pujol, J.A., Calvo J.F. and Ramirez-Diaz L.. (2000). Recovery of germination from different osmotic conditions by four halophytes from southeastern Spain.Ann. Bot., 85: 279-286.
  27. Punia, A., Yadav R., Arora P. and Chaudhary A.. (2009). Molecular and morphophysiological characterization of superior cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) varieties. J. Crop Sci. Biotech., 12: 143-148.
  28. Ramesh Kumar, S. and Muthukrishnan R.. (2015). Impact of organic seed pelleting on seed germination and seedling development in okra and chilli pepper. I.J.S.N., 6(3): 480-483.
  29. Sathis Kumar. R., Ananthan G. and Selva Prabhu A.. (2014). Optimization of medium composition for alkaline protease production by Marinobacter sp. GACAS9 using response surface methodology- A statistical approach. Biocatal. Agric. Biotechnol., 3: 191-107.
  30. Sathish, S. and Bhaskaran,M. (2013). Seed dry dressing with botanicals to improve physiological performance of fresh and aged seeds of black gram (Vigna mungo L.). Afr. J. Agric. Res., 8(29): 4049-4057.
  31. Sathiya Narayanan, G., Prakash, M. and Reka, M. (2016). Influence of seed hardening treatment on growth, gas exchange and yield parameters in black gram under drought condition. Legume Res.,39(2): 248-255. 
  32. Savita Sangwan, D. Rao, V. and Sharma,R.A. (2010). A Review on Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre: A Great versatile leguminous plant. Nat Sci.,8 (11): 130 – 139.
  33. Tamilmani, U. (2012). Studies on effect of various seed management practices on quality seed production in greengram (Vigna radiata L.) cv. ADT 3 under abiotic stress condition. M.Sc. (Ag.) Thesis, Annamalai University, Annamalainagar.
  34. Tripathy, S. and Das M.K.. (2013). Guar gum: present status and applications.J. Pharm. Scientific Innov.,2: 24-28.
  35. USDA. 2014. An analysis of performance of Guar Crop in India. Report prepared by CCS National Institute of Agriculture Marketing (NIAM), Jaipur for United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), New Delhi.

Global Footprints