Induced mutations in soybean (Glycine max L.)

DOI: 10.18805/LR-3783    | Article Id: LR-3783 | Page : 1012-1019
Citation :- Induced mutations in soybean (Glycine max L.).Legume Research-An International Journal.2017.(40):1012-1019
G.C. Shekar and Pushpendra shekaruasr@gmail.com
Address : Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Gobind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar-263 153, Uttarakhand, India.
Submitted Date : 21-09-2016
Accepted Date : 14-12-2016

Abstract

Frequency of chlorophyll and viable mutations have been studied following seed treatment of soybean cv.PK 1029 with  gamma rays, EMS and their combinations at varying doses. Mutation rate indicated that EMS @ 0.10 % was most potent in inducing the chlorophyll mutations whereas 20 kR was most efficient in inducing the viable mutations. The frequency and spectrum of the induced chlorophyll mutations was in the order of xantha, albino, chlorina and viridis.  The frequency and spectrum of the induced viable mutations was in the order of plant type, leaf type, seed type and pod type. Combination of gamma rays and EMS treatment showed high lethality in inducing both chlorophyll and viable mutations.  

Keywords

Ethyl methane sulphonate (EMS) Gamma rays Induced mutations Mutation frequency Soybean

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