Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 41 issue 2 (april 2018) : 287-292

Effect of row spacing and sowing time on seed yield, quality parameters and nutrient uptake of guar [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub] in semi arid climate of Southern Telanagana, India

A.V. Ramanjaneyulu, A. Madhavi, T.L. Neelima, P. Naresh, K. Indudhar Reddy, A. Srinivas
1<p>Regional Agricultural Research Station, Prof. Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University,&nbsp;Palem-509 215, Nagarkurnool, Telanagana, India.&nbsp;</p>
Cite article:- Ramanjaneyulu A.V., Madhavi A., Neelima T.L., Naresh P., Reddy Indudhar K., Srinivas A. (2017). Effect of row spacing and sowing time on seed yield, quality parameters and nutrient uptake of guar [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub] in semi aridclimate of Southern Telanagana, India . Legume Research. 41(2): 287-292. doi: 10.18805/lr.v0i0.7599.

A field experiment was conducted during kharif 2013 and 2014 to study the effect of row spacing and sowing time on seed yield, galactomannan and protein content and nutrient uptake of guar in semi arid climate of Southern Telangana. The crop sown at row spacing of 30 cm recorded significantly higher seed yield than that of 45 cm and 60 cm spacing. Production and rainfall use efficiency and harvest index besides growth and yield attributes, galactomannan and protein yields, N, P and K uptake were also significantly higher at 30 cm spacing. Sowing of guar during first or second fortnight of July resulted in significantly higher seed yield than first fortnight of August sowing. Production efficiency, plant height, number of clusters plant-1 and protein yield followed the similar trend of seed yield. Negative relationship was observed between galactomannan content and sowing time. Though powdery mildew infection was higher in early sown crop and close crop spacing, higher plant population and biomass production resulted in higher seed yield of guar when compared to late sown crop and wider spacing. 

  1. AOAC (1960). Official Methods of Analysis, Edn. 18, Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, Washington.

  2. Ayub, M., Khalid, M., Tariq, M., Nadeem, M.A. and Naeem, M. (2011). Effect of different seeding densities and nitrogen levels on growth, forage yield and quality attributes of Cluster bean [Cyamoposis tetragonoloba (L.) Tuab.]. J. Agric. Technol., 7:1409-1416.

  3. Das, B., Arora, S.K. and Luthra, Y.P. (1977). A rapid method of determination of galactomannan in guar. In: Proceedings of first Guar research workshop, CAZRI, Jodhpur, pp.117-123. 

  4. Elsheikh, E.A.E. and Ibrahim, K.A. (1999). The effect of Bradyrhizobium inoculation on yield and seed quality of guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.). Food Chem. 65:183–187.

  5. Fabio Gresta, Orazio Sortino, Carmelo, S., Luca Issi, Cristina, F. and Yves, M.G. (2013). Effects of sowing times on seed yield, protein and galactomannan content of four varieties of guar in a Mediterranean environment. Ind. Crops Prod. 41:46-52.

  6. Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. Edn. 2, John Wiley and Sons, New York. 

  7. Jagtap, D.N., Waghule, L.D. and Bhale, V.M. (2011). Effect of sowing time, row spacing and seed rate on production potential of guar. Adv. Res. J. Crop Improv. 2:27-30.

  8. Kumar, D. and Singh, N.B. (2002). Guar in India. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, India.

  9. Lal, H.A., Shahjhan, B., Sultan Salah-ud-Din and Rashid, M. (2012). Response of new guar strains to various row spacings. Pak. J. Agric. Sci. 49:469-471.

  10. Rakesh, P., Manjit, S., Henry, A. (2011). Stability, correlation and path analysis for seed yield and yield attributing traits in guar. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 81:309-313.

  11. Rogers, C.E. (1973). Influence of planting time on guar production in the rolling plain of Texas. Texas Agric. Exp. Station Prog. Rep. PR-3168.

  12. Saharan, M.S. and Saharan, G.S. (2004). Influence of weather factors on the incidence of Alternaria blight of Cluster bean [Cyamopsis tetragoloba (L.) Taub.] on varieties with different susceptibilities. Crop Prot. 23:1223-1227.

  13. Singh, A., Jat, N.L., Raghavendra, S. and Suresh, P. (2014). Effect of fertility levels and bio-inoculants on productivity, profitability, quality and nutrient acquisition of guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba). Ind. J. Agron. 59:485-488.

  14. Sharma, B.D., Taneja, K.D., Kairon, M.S. and Jain, V. (1984). Effect of time of sowing and row spacing on yield and quality of guar. Indian J. Agron. 29:557-558.

  15. Sharma, S.R. (1984). Effect of different cropping seasons and tridemorph sprays on powdery mildew and yield of cluster bean. Zeitschrift für Acker-und Pflanzenbau 153:81-89.

  16. Yousif, Y.H. (1984). Guar Agronomy, PP. 3-4. Annual Report of Agricultural Research Corporation, Wad madani, Sudan. Soba research station. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)