Legume Research

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Legume Research, volume 41 issue 3 (june 2018) : 325-332

Proximate composition, nutritional profile and health benefits of legumes – A review

Rajni Kamboj, Vikas Nanda
1Department of Food Technology, Chaudhary Devi Lal State Institute of Engineering and Technology, Panniwala Mota, Sirsa-125 077, Haryana, India.
  • Submitted27-06-2016|

  • Accepted09-03-2017|

  • First Online 23-10-2017|

  • doi 10.18805/LR-3748

Cite article:- Kamboj Rajni, Nanda Vikas (2017). Proximate composition, nutritional profile and health benefits of legumes – A review. Legume Research. 41(3): 325-332. doi: 10.18805/LR-3748.
Legumes consumption is a usual and beneficial part of the human diet and contributing to health. Moreover, it is presently taking place a re-evaluation for its useful effects of consumption in the diet, which is the basis for various health claims. They are essential source of protein, carbohydrates, dietary fibre, micronutrients and various phytochemicals. Legumes have appreciable quantity of all the essential amino acids excluding sulphur containing amino acids, which can be balanced to combine with cereals in daily intake. Starch is the major stored carbohydrate followed by dietary fibre, simple sugars and oligosaccharides. Calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus and iron are also present in legume seeds. Bioavailability of nutrients can be increased by soaking, sprouting and fermentation. Consumption of legumes reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, some cancers (colon, breast and prostate) and also helps to manage body weight due to its satiety value. FAO has chosen 2016 as the International Year of Pulses which will emphasize the health and environmental benefits of pulses. Nutritional composition, anti-nutritional factors and health benefits of legumes are summarised in the current review. 
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