Genetic diversity in Spodoptera litura (Fab.) from major soybean growing states of India
 

DOI: 10.18805/ijar.v0iOF.7651    | Article Id: LR-3710 | Page : 1119-1125
Citation :- Genetic diversity in Spodoptera litura (Fab.) from majorsoybean growing states of India .Legume Research-An International Journal.2017.(40):1119-1125

B. Kiran Gandhi and R.H. Patil

bkg0530@gmail.com
Address :

Division of Crop Protection, ICAR-Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur-208 024, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Submitted Date : 25-03-2016
Accepted Date : 8-07-2016

Abstract

Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA molecular markers analysis of Spodoptera litura larvae population from seven major soybean growing regions of India revealed, populations from Hyderabad and Indore, shared cent per cent similarity, Pune and Parbhani populations showed 90 per cent similarity, Adilabad population shared 83 per cent similarity with both Hyderabad and Indore populations, while Dharwad and Belagavi populations showed 72 per cent similarity. The lowest genetic similarity value was observed between Dharwad and Parbhani populations (46%). It is clear from the similarity analysis  more than 46 per cent similarity between populations of the S.  litura  from major soybean growing states, demonstrate mediocre genetic differences between the populations. Though much genetic diversity was not observed between S. litura populations, topological and temporal factors perhaps influenced the existed diversity among the populations.

Keywords

Genetic diversity Soybean Spodoptera litura States.

References

  1. Ahmad, M., Ghaffar, A. and Rafiq, M. (2013). Host plants of leaf worm, Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae) in Pakistan. Asian J. Agric. Biol., 1:23-28.
  2. Anon (2007). Soybean. pp 1-7. 
  3. Armes, N. J., Wightman, J. A., Jadhav, D. R. and Ranga Rao, G. V. (1997). Status of insecticide resistance in Spodoptera litura in Andhra Pradesh, India. Pestic. Sci., 50: 240-248.
  4. Baskar, K., Muthu, C., Raj, G.A., Kingsley, S., Ignacimuthu, S. and Duraipandiyan, V. (2012). Ovicidal activity of Atalantia monophylla (L) Correa against Spodoptera litura Fab. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Asian Pacific J. Trop. Biomed., 2 : 987-991.
  5. Beede, N.W. and Saul, A. (1995). Discrimination of all Members of the Anopheles punctulatus Complex by Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis. American J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 53: 478-481.
  6. Bharathiraja, C., Sukirtha, R., Anbalagan, S., Soundrapandian, K., Meenakshi, S., Krishnan, M. and Picimbon, J.F. (2013). Intra populational genetic diversity in the tobacco armyworm, Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Asian J. Biochem. Pharma. Res., 3: 100-113.
  7. Black, W.C. and Duteau, N.M. (1997). RAPD–PCR and SSCP analysis for insect population genetic studies. In: Crampton, J.M., Beard, C.B. and Louis, C. The molecular biology of insect disease vectors: a methods manual. London, Chapman & Hall, pp 361–373. 
  8. Brandstrom, M. and Ellegren, H. (2007). The Genomic landscape of short insertion and deletion polymorphisms in the chicken (Gallus gallus) Genome: A high frequency of deletions in tandem duplicates. Genetics, 176: 691.
  9. Caetano-Anolles, G. (1997). Nucleic scanning by amplification with minihairpin and micro-satellite oligonucleotide primers. In: Cartono-Anolle, G. and Gressnoff, P.M. DNA Markers: Protocols. Applications and Overviews. New York: Wiley-Liss, pp 91-110. 
  10. Deverno, L.L., Smith, G.A. and Harrison K.J. (1998). Randomly amplified polymorphism DNA evidence of introgression in two closely related sympatric species of Coniferophagous Choristoneura (Lepidoptera : Tortricidae) in Atlantis Canada. Ann. Entomol. Soc. America, 91: 248.
  11. Dhingra, S., Swarup, P. (1990). Development of techniques for detecting resistance in crop pests to insecticides. J. ent. Res.,14: 156-163.
  12. Dice, L.R. (1945). Measures of the amount of ecological association between species. Ecology, 26: 629-634.
  13. Fuentes-Contreras, E., Figueroa, C.C., Reyes, M., Briones, L.M. and Niemeyer, H.M. (2004). Genetic diversity and insecticide resistance of Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) populations from tobacco in Chile: evidence for the existence of a single predominant clone. Bull. Entomol. Res., 94: 11.
  14. Janarthanan, S., Seshadri, S., Kathiravan, K. and Ignacimuthu, S. (2002). Use of RAPD in assessing the genetic variability in Spodoptera litura Fab. Indian J. Exp. Biol., 40: 839-841. 
  15. Kranthi, K. R., Jadhav, D. R., Kranthi, S., Wanjari, R. R., Ali, S. S. and Russell, D., (2002). lnsecticide resistance in five major insect pests of cotton in India. Crop Prot., 21: 449-460.
  16. Kumar, N., Ragupathy, A. (2001). Status of insecticide resistance in tobacco caterpillar Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) in Tamil Nadu. Pestic. Res. J., 13: 86-89.
  17. Lee, K.P. and Roh, C. (2010). Temperature-by-nutrient interactions affecting growth rate in an insect ectotherm. Entomol. Exp. Appl., 136: 151-163.
  18. Liu, E.Y., Zhang, Q., McMillan, L., de Villena, F.P. and Wang, W. (2010). Efficient genome ancestry inference in complex pedigrees with inbreeding. Bioinformatics, 26: i199–i207. 
  19. Lynch, M. and Milligan, B.G. (1994). Analysis of population genetic structure with RAPD markers. Mol. Ecol., 3: 91-99. 
  20. Martinelli, S., Montrazi, R.B., Zucchi, M.I., Silva-Filho, M.C. and Omoto, C. (2006). Molecular variability of Spodoptera frugiperda populations associated to maize and to cotton in Brazil. J. Eco. Entomol., 99: 516–526. 
  21. Mayuravalli, V. V. L., Punnaiah, K. C., Reddy, G. P. V., Rao, V. R. S. and Subbarao, V. R. (1985). Laboratory evaluation of the relative toxicity of decamethrin, permethrin and monocrotophos to the larvae of Spodoptera litura Fab. Indian J. Agri. Sci., 55: 645-647.
  22. Mukherjee, A.B., Srivastava, V.S. (1970). Bioassay of the relative toxicity of some pesticides to the larvae of Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera). lndian J. Entomol., 32: 251-255.
  23. Nei, M. and Li, W.H. (1979). Mathematical model for studying genetic variation in terms of restriction endonucleases. In: Proceedings of the National Academy Sciences U.S.A, pp. 5269-5273. 
  24. Qin, H., Ye, Z., Huang, S., Ding, J. and Lou, R. (2004). The correlations of the different host plants with preference level, life duration and survival rate of Spodoptera litura Fabricius. Chinese J. Ecol. Agric., 12: 217-33. 
  25. Ramakrishnan, N., Saxena, V. S. and Dhingra, S. (1984). lnsecticide resistance in the population of Spodoptera litura (F.) in Andhra Pradesh. Pesticides, 18: 23-27.
  26. Sharma, A. N., Gupta, G. K., Verma, R. K., Sharma, O. P., Someshwar Bhagat, Amaresan, N., Saini, M. R., Chattopadhyay, C., Sushil, S. N., Ram Asre, Kapoor, K. S. Satyagopal, K. and Ieyakumar, P. (2014). Integrated pest management. In Soybean (ICAR, NCIPM) p. 41.
  27. Silva-Brandão, K.L., Almeida, L.C., Moraes, S.S. and Cônsoli, F.L. (2013). Using population genetic methods to identify the origin of an invasive population and to diagnose cryptic subspecies of Telchin licus (Lepidoptera : Castniidae). Bull. Entomol. Res., 103: 89-97.
  28. Srivastava, B.K., Joshi, H.C. (1965). Occurrence of resistance to BHC in Prodenia litura Fab. (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae). lndian J. Entomol., 27: 102-104.
  29. Subramanian, S. and Mohankumar, S. (2006). Genetic variability of the bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera, occurring on different host plants. J. Insect Sci., 6: 26. 
  30. Verma, A. N., Verma, N. D. and Singh, R. (1971). Chemical control of Prodenia litura Fab. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on cauliflower. lndian J. Hortic., 28: 240-243.
  31. Welsh, J. and McClelland, M. (1990). Fingerprinting genomes using PCR with arbitrary primers. Nucleic Acids Res., 18 :: 7213–7218. 
  32. Williams, J.G., Kubelik, A.R., Livak, K.J., Rafalski, J.A. and Tingey, S.V. (1990). DNA polymorphisms amplified by arbitrary primers are useful genetic markers. Nucleic Acids Res., 18: 6531-6535. 
  33. Zhou, X., Faktor, O., Applebaum, S.W. and Coll, M. (2000). Population structure of the pestiferous moth Helicoverpa armigera in the Eastern Mediterranean using RAPD analysis. Heredity, 85: 251–256. 
     

Global Footprints