Loading...

Influence of vermicompost and split applied nitrogen on growth, yield, nutrient uptake and soil fertility in pole type frenchbean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in an Acid Alfisol

DOI: 10.18805/lr.v0iOF.9107    | Article Id: LR-3694 | Page : 126-131
Citation :- Influence of vermicompost and split applied nitrogen on growth, yield, nutrient uptake and soil fertility in pole type frenchbean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in an Acid Alfisol.Legume Research.2018.(41):126-131
Akhilesh Sharma, Raj Paul Sharma, Viveka Katoch and G.D. Sharma assharmaakhil1@gmail.com
Address : College of Agriculture, CSK Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur-176 062 (H.P.) India
Submitted Date : 24-02-2016
Accepted Date : 21-01-2017

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted for two years at Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur on the influence of vermicompost and split applied nitrogen in pole French bean. Twelve treatment combinations comprising of organic manures, nitrogen fertilization and methods of application were evaluated. The performance of yield and yield related traits increased significantly with application of vermicompost, 125% of recommended nitrogen through split application. Use of vermicompost + 125% nitrogen resulted in highest seed yield (10.43 q/ha) and NPK uptake. Seed yield and NPK uptake with application of vermicompost + 75% N was at par with that of recommended application of N indicating thereby saving of 25% of nitrogen fertilizers. Split applied nitrogen at 125% of recommended dose resulted in 50% increase in seed yield over basal application. Hence, application of vermicompost and split applied nitrogen is a better option to harness high seed productivity and to maintain soil fertility.

Keywords

Interactions Nitrogen levels Nutrient uptake Phaseolus vulgaris L. Seed yield Split application Vermicompost.

References

  1. Ahmad, A., Abrol, Y.P., and Abdin M.Z. (1999). Effect of split application of sulphur and nitrogen on growth and yield attributes of Brassica genotypes differing in time of flowering. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 79:175-180.
  2. Bark, T. and Gulati J.M.L. (2009). Use of vermicompost in field crops and cropping systems. Agricultural Review. 30: 48–50. 
  3. Das, A., Prasad, M., Gautam R. C., and Shivay Y.S. (2006). Productivity of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) as influenced by organic and inorganic sources of nitrogen. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 76: 354-57.
  4. Gomez, K.A. and Gomez A. A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, 2nd ed. John Willey and Sons, New York.
  5. Jackson, M.L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi.
  6. Jaga, P.K. and Upadhyay V.B. (2013). Effect of integrated nutrient management on wheat – a review. Innovare Journal of Agricultural Science. 1:1-3
  7. Jonah, N., Chemining’wa, G.N., Muthomi J.W., and Shibairo S.I. (2012). Effect of Rhizobium inoculation and nitrogen fertilizer application on growth, nodulation and yield of two garden pea genotypes. Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences. 15: 2147-    2156.
  8. Korwar, G.R., Pratibha, G., Ravi V., and Palanikumar D. (2006). Influence of organics and inorganics on growth and yield of aonla (Emblica officinalis) and soil quality in semi-arid tropics. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 76: 457-461.
  9. Kumawat, N., Singh, R.P., Kumar R., and Om H. (2013). Effect of integrated nutrient management on the performance of sole and intercropped pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) under rainfed conditions. Indian J. Agron. 58: 309-315 
  10. Lad, N.G., Patange M.J., and Dhage S.J. (2014). Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorous levels on growth, yield attributing characters, yield and economics of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). International Journal of Current Microbiology & Applied Sciences. 3 (12): 822-827 
  11. Laxminarayana and Patiram. (2005). Influence of inorganic, biological and organic manures on yield and nutrient uptake of groundnut (Arachis hypogea) and soil properties. Indian J. Agric. Sci., 75: 218-221.
  12. Mujahid, A.M. and Gupta A.J. (2010).Effect of plant spacing, organic manures and inorganic fertilizers and their combinations on growth, yield and quality of lettuce (Lactuca sativa). Indian J. Agric. Sci. 80:177-181.
  13. Roberts, T.L. (2008). Improving Nutrient Use Efficiency. Turk. J. Agric, 32:177-182.
  14. Sharma, A., Devi J., and Katoch V. (2016). Genetic variability and Genotypic x Environment interaction for seed yield and related traits in French bean germplasm. Indian J. Plant Genet. Resourc. 29 (2): 156-162.
  15. Sharma, A. and Sharma R.P. (2016). Effects of boron and lime on productivity of garden pea under acidic soils in Northwestern Himalayas. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 47 (3): 291-297.
  16. Sharma, A.,. Parmar, D.K, Kumar, P., Singh Y., and Sharma R.P.. (2008). Azotobacter soil amendment integrated with cow manure reduces need for NPK fertilizers in sprouting broccoli. Int. J. Veg. Sci. 14: 273-285.
  17. Sharma, A., Sharma R.P., and Singh S. (2016). Influence of rhizobium inoculation, split nitrogen application and plant geometry on productivity of garden pea (Pisum sativum L.) in an acid alfisol. Legume. Res. 39 (6): 955-961.
  18. Sharma, A., Sharma, R.P., Sharma, G.D., Sankhyan N.K., and Sharma M.. (2014 a). Integrated Nutrient Supply System for cauliflower-    frenchbean-okra cropping sequence in humid temperate zone of north-western Himalayas. Indian J. Hort. 71: 211-216.
  19. Sharma, U., Paliyal, S.S., Sharma S.P., and Sharma G.D. (2014 b). Effects of continuous use of chemical fertilizers and manure on soil fertility and productivity of maize–wheat under rainfed conditions of the Western Himalayas. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 45:2647–2659.
  20. Sutaria, G.S., Kabari, K.N., Vora V.D., Hirpara D.S., and Padmani D.R.. (2010). Response of legume crops to enriched compost and vermicompost on Ustochrept under rainfed Agriculture. Legume. Res. 33:128–130.
  21. Tan, M., and Serin Y. (1995). Effect of inoculation and nitrogen on the hay, seed, stem, raw protein yield, raw protein rate and nodule number in vetch (Vicia sativa L.) under irrigated conditions of Erzurum. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 19:137-144.
  22. Thakur, A., Sood K.C., and Pathania N.K.. (2009). French bean. In: Package of Pracitces for Vegetable Production. Published by Directorate of Extension Education, CSK Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur. pp 48
  23. Vashist, N. and Sharma K.L. (2003). Effect of integrated use of inorganic nitrogen fertilizers, biofertilizers and organic manures on yield of china hybrid tea (Camellia sinensis) under the sub humid temperate region of Himachal Pradesh. Indian J. Agric. Sci., 73: 459-462. 

Global Footprints