In-situ rainwater conservation techniques with integrated phosphorus management on consumptive use of moisture, moisture use efficiency and productivity of pigeonpea under dryland conditions

DOI: 10.18805/lr.v0iOF.11298    | Article Id: LR-3625 | Page : 537-541
Citation :- In-situ rainwater conservation techniques with integrated phosphorusmanagement on consumptive use of moisture, moisture use efficiencyand productivity of pigeonpea under dryland conditions .Legume Research-An International Journal.2017.(40):537-541

A.S. Takate*, Sheetal R. Tatpurkar  and A.B. Rajguru

aditakate@gmail.com
Address :

Zonal Agricultural Research Station,  Krishakbhavan 97 RaviwarPeth, Near DAV College, Solapur -413 002, Maharashtra, India.

Submitted Date : 1-10-2015
Accepted Date : 4-05-2016

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted to find out the effect of in-situ rainwater conservation techniques with integrated phosphorous management on consumptive use of moisture, moisture use efficiency and productivity of pigeonpea under dryland condition during the kharif season 2007-08 to 2011-12 at Zonal Agricultural Research Station, Solapur (Maharashtra). The pooled results revealed that in situ rain water conservation technique, flat sowing with one hoeing at 3rd week and opening of ridges and furrows at 30 days after sowing gave significantly higher grain and stalk (754 and 3323 kg ha-1) yield and has attributed to increased availability of soil water in the soil profile. Among the integrated phosphorus management, the application of 12.5 kg N ha-1 + 25 kg P2O5ha-1through DAP + Rhizobium + PSB registered significantly higher grain and stalk (897 and 3409 kg ha-1) yield over control with increased water use efficiency by 1.52 kg ha-1 mm-1. The higher soil moisture (136 mm),consumptive use of moisture (611mm) and moisture use efficiency (1.25 kg ha-1 mm-1) were conserved with the flat sowing with one hoeing at 3rd week and opening of ridges and furrow 30 days after sowing. Flat sowing + One hoeing +Opening of furrows at 30 DAS along with recommended dose of fertilizer 12.5:25 kg ha-1 N: P2O5 through DAP +Rhizobium +PSB is recommended for increased pigeonpea yield and water productivity through in situ rain water conservation techniques in dryland conditions.

Keywords

Dryland Phosphorus Sources Pigeonpea Productivity Soil Moisture Conservation.

References

  1. Anil K. Srivastva and Ramachandram.(1988). Performance of pigeonpea in semi- arid black soil region. Indian J. Agron., 33: 221-222.
  2. Anonymous, (2004). Report, Govt. of Maharashtra 2004.
  3. Arjun Sharma, Rathod P. S. andChavan M. (2010).Response of pigeonpea (Cajanuscajana) to drought management practices under rainfed conditions. Karnataka J. Agric. Sci. 23: 693-700.
  4. Awomi T. A., Singh A. K., Manoj K. L. and Bordoloi J. (2010).Effect of Phosphorus, Molybdenum and Cobalt Nutrition on Yield and Quality of Mungbean (Vignaradiata L.) in Acidic Soil of Northeast India. Indian Journal of Hill Farming 25:22-26.
  5. FAOSTAT.(2013). FAO Production Statistics. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
  6. Habbasha S. F., Hozayn, M. and Khalafallah, M. A. (2007).Integration effect between phosphorus levels and bio-fertilizers on quality and quantity yield of faba bean (Viciafabal.) in newly cultivated sandy soils. Res. J. Agric. Biol. Sci. 3: 966-971.
  7. MakkhanLal, Bora, K. K., Singh, I., Verma, R. and Yadav, P.C. (2003). Productivity of pearlmillet as influenced by in situ moisture conservation practices and integrated nutrient management in arid region of Rajasthan. Curr. Agric. 27: 77-80.
  8. Mastiholi, A. B., (1994). Response of rabisorghum to biofertilizers and in situ moisture conservation practices in deep black soil. M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, Uni. Agril. Sci., Dharwad.
  9. Nimje, P. M. (1995). Effect of spatial arrangement and phosphorus fertilization in pigeonpea( Cajanascajan) – soybean (Glycine max) intercropping. Indian J. Agron. 44: 768-772.
  10. Patil, E. N., Choudhari, P. M., Pawar, P. P. and Patil, H. E. (2006).Integrated moisture conservation techniques and nutrient management systems for pearlmillet in semi-arid conditions. Indian J. Dryland Agric. Res. Dev. 21: 85-87.
  11. Patil S. L.,Sheelavantar M. N.,Nalatwadmath S. K. Surkod, V. S.,Manamohan, S. and Vasudev, K. L. (2005). Correlation analysis among soil moisture, soil physical-chemical yield of winter sorghum. Indian J. Agril. Res.,39: 177-185.
  12. Selvaraju R. Subbian P. Balsubramanian P. and Lal R. (1999). Land configuration and soil nutrient management options for sustainable crop production on Alfisols and vertisols of southern peninsular India. Soil and Tillage Res., 52: 203-216.
  13. Solaiman, A. R. M. and Habibullah, A. K. M. (1990). Response ofgroundnut to Rhizobium I noculation. Bangladesh J Soil Sci. 21: 42-46.
  14. Solaiappan, U. and RamiahS. (1990). Effect of seed treatment, soil and foliar fertilization of N and P on yield and yield attributes of pigeonpea grown under rainfed condition. Indian J.Agron. 35: 234-237.
  15. Solaiappan U, Paulpandi V. K. and Chellaiah (2002). Effect of graded levels of phosphorus and foliar fertilization on short duration redgram in rainfedVertisols. Madras Agric. J. 89: 451-454.
  16. Tumbare, A. D. and Bhoite, S. U. (2003). Effect of moisture conservation techniques on growth and yield of pearlmillet-    gram sequence in watershed. Indian J. Dryland Agric. Res. Dev.15: 94-95.
     

Global Footprints