Legume Research

  • Chief EditorJ. S. Sandhu

  • Print ISSN 0250-5371

  • Online ISSN 0976-0571

  • NAAS Rating 6.80

  • SJR 0.391

  • Impact Factor 0.8 (2023)

Frequency :
Monthly (January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Legume Research, volume 40 issue 4 (august 2017) : 609-617

Genetic variation in fatty acid composition of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) seed oil 

S.S. Rathore, S.N. Saxena, R.K. Kakani, L.K. Sharma, D. Agrawal, B. Singh
1<p>ICAR-National Research Centre on Seed Spices,&nbsp;Tabiji, Ajmer-305 206, India.</p>
Cite article:- Rathore S.S., Saxena S.N., Kakani R.K., Sharma L.K., Agrawal D., Singh B. (2016). Genetic variation in fatty acid composition of fenugreek(Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) seed oil . Legume Research. 40(4): 609-617. doi: 10.18805/lr.v0iOF.11047.

An analysis has been carried out to explore the genetic variation in seventeen selected varieties of fenugreek. Sixteen fatty acids were identified in seed oil. Linoleic acid (18:2; n-6) and a-Linolenic acid (18:3; n-3) were the major contributor found in the range of 26-43% in variety Lam Selection. The MUFA content varied from 3.50% in Azad Methi to 19.31 % in Hisar Madhvi. The ratio of n-6 to n-3 fatty acids indicated that fenugreek seed lipids are a good source of PUFA. PCA identified linolenic and oleic acid as the most important traits responsible for variation in presented material and improving quality through breeding. Estimates of genetic distance values showed wide range of variation among the fenugreek genotypes. The Euclidean based UPGMA clustering revealed three real and four singleton clusters. Genetic diversity showed no relationship to geographical origin. Dissimilarities obtained showed a wide variation in oil content and in composition.

  1. Al-Jasass, F.M. and Al-Jasser, M.S. (2012). Chemical composition and fatty acid content of some spices and herbs under Saudi Arabia conditions. The ScientificWorld Journal Article ID 859892, 1-5 pages doi:10.1100/2012/859892

  2. Artemis, P.and Simopoulos, M.D. (2008). The omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio, genetic variation, and cardiovascular disease.Asia Pac. J. Clin. Nutr.17 (S1):131-134

  3. Ciftci, O.N., Przybylski, R., Rudzinska, M.and Acharya, S. (2011). Characterization of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-    graecum) Seed Lipids.J. Am. Oil. Chem. Soc.88:1603–1610. DOI 10.1007/s11746-011-1823-y

  4. C.S.A.O.(2009). Official and recommended practices of the American Oil Chemist’s Society, 6th edn. American Oil Chemist’s Society, Champaign

  5. El-Sebaiy, A.and El-Mahdy, A.R. (1983). Lipid changes during germination of fenugreek seeds (Trigonella foenum-graecum). Food. Chem.10:309–319.

  6. Fernandez-Martinez, J., Rio, M.D.and Haro, A.D. (1993). Survey of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) germplasm for variants in fatty acid composition and other seed characters. Euphytica 69:115–122. 

  7. Helambe, S.S.and Dande, R.P. (2012). Fenugreek. An overview, Inter. J. of Curr. Pharmaceutical Review and Res. 2: 76-82.

  8. Heller, L. (2001). Fenugreek. A noteworthy hypoglycemic, Pacific College of Oriental Medicine. From www.ormed.edu/    newsletters/fenugreek.html. 

  9. Hemavathy, J., Prabhakar, J.V. (1986). Lipid composition of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) seeds. Food Chem 31:1–7

  10. Jerry, H.L. (2001). Number Cruncher Statistical Systems (NCSS). Statistical Software. Kaysville, Utah. 

  11. Maillard, V., Bougnoux, P., Ferrari, P., Jourdan, M.L., Pinault, M., Lavillonniere, F., Body, G., Le- Floch, O.and Chajes, V. (2002). n-3 and n-6 fatty acids in breast adipose tissue and relative risk of breast cancer in a case-control study in tours France. Int. J. Cancer 98:78–83.

  12. Panse, V.C. and Sukhatme, P.V. (1978). Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers.III Rev. Ed. ICAR, New Delhi.

  13. Pleines, F.L.S.and Friedt, W.(1988). Breeding for improved C18 fatty acid composition in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Fat Sci. Technol. 90: 167–171.

  14. Rathore, S.S., Saxena, S.N.and Singh, B. (2013).Potential health benefits of major seed spices.International J. Seed Spices, 3: 1-12.

  15. Saxena, R., Saxena, S.N., Barnwal, P., Rathore, S.S., Sharma, Y.K. and Soni, A. (2012). Estimation of antioxidant activity, phenolic and flavonoid content of cryo and conventionally ground seeds of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) and fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). International J. of Seed Spices2: 89-92.

  16. Sharma, R.D. (1986). An evaluation of hypocholesterolemic factor of fenugreek seeds (Trigonella foenum-graecum) in rats. Nutr. Rep. Int.33:669–677.

  17. Simopoulos, A.P., Leaf, A. and Salem, N. Jr. (1999). Essentiality of and recommended dietary intakes for omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. Ann. Nutr. Metab. 43:127–130.

  18. Suja, P.R., Anuradha, C.V.and Viswanathan, P. (2002). Gastroprotective effect of fenugreek seeds (Trigonella foenum-    graecum) on experimental gastric ulcer in rats. J. Ethnopharmacol 81:393–397.

  19. Sulieman, A.M.E., Ali, A.O.and Hemavathy, J. (2008) Lipid content and fatty acid composition of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) seeds grown in Sudan. Int.J..Food Sci. Tech.43:380–382.

  20. Tiran, D. (2003). The use of fenugreek for breast feeding woman. Complement Ther. Nurs. Midwifery 9:155–156.

  21. Velasco, L. and Goffman, D. (2000). Tochopherol, plastochromanol and fatty acid patterns in genus Linum. Plant Syst. Evol. 221: 77-88.

Editorial Board

View all (0)