Legume Research

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Legume Research, volume 39 issue 3 (june 2016) : 411-418

Mechanized and profitable intercropping of legumes in autumn planted sugarcane

Anil Khippal*1, Samar Singh2, Meharchand2, Rajender Sheokand3, Jasbir Singh3, Ramesh Verma3, Rakesh Kumar4
1<p>CCS HAU Regional Research Station,&nbsp;Karnal-132 001, India.</p>
Cite article:- Khippal*1 Anil, Singh2 Samar, Meharchand2, Sheokand3 Rajender, Singh3 Jasbir, Verma3 Ramesh, Kumar4 Rakesh (2016). Mechanized and profitable intercropping of legumesin autumn planted sugarcane . Legume Research. 39(3): 411-418. doi: 10.18805/lr.v0iOF.10283.

To increase the area, production and productivity of sugarcane and legumes/oilseeds for increasing the profit of the farmers’, field experiments were conducted at Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Regional Research Station, Karnal during 2005-06 and 2006-07 followed by demonstrations on intercropping of legumes/oilseed with sugarcane at farmers’ field in Kaithal district during 2009-10 and 2010-11. Cane yield did not reduce significantly due to intercropping except raya during 2005 -06. The percent incidence of pink borer, shoot borer, top borer and root borer remained below economical threshold level (ETL). In all intercropping systems, total land equivalent ratio (LERt) was greater than unity, indicated yield advantage for the intercropped plots. Land equivalent coefficient (LEC) followed the same pattern as LERt. Total area time equivalent ratio (ATERt) values showed an advantage (22-28 %) with all intercropping systems than sole cropping with maximum advantage from sugarcane + chickpea. Sugarcane was more competitive than pea and lentil intercrops, whereas, raya and chickpea were more competitive than sugarcane. Higher competitive ratio values for the intercrops (CRi) indicated that all the intercrops were more competitive than sugarcane. Total values of actual yield loss (AYL) showed an advantage of 22-38% from intercropping compared to sole cropping. Highest monetary advantage index (MAI) value was obtained from sugarcane + pea intercropping system (75779). However, the minimum MAI was obtained from sugarcane + lentil intercropping system (62382).  Demonstrations on intercropping at farmers’ field also resulted in higher gross returns, returns over variable cost and benefit: cost ratio. 

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