Loading...

Standardization of organic module for sustainable production of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.)

DOI: 10.18805/lr.v0iOF.11314    | Article Id: LR-3551 | Page : 144-149
Citation :- Standardization of organic module for sustainable productionof fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.) .Legume Research.2017.(40):144-149

G. Lal1, Ravindra Singh2, R.S. Mehta, Y.K. Sharma, Krishna Kant and S.P. Maheria

glal67@yahoo.co.in
Address :

ICAR-National Research Centre on Seed Spices, Tabiji, Ajmer-305 206, Rajasthan, India.

Submitted Date : 26-06-2015
Accepted Date : 4-08-2016

Abstract

A field experiment on the standardization of organic module for production of fenugreek (Trigonella  foenum graecum L.) was conducted during rabi season of 2009-10 to 2012-13 (four years). The experiment was laid out in Factorial Randomized Block Design (RBD) consisting of three organic modules (M1, M2 and M3) and two fenugreek varieties (AFg-1 and RMt-305) with four replications. Findings of present study showed significant differences among the performance of different organic modules tested for two fenugreek varieties. Organic module-1 (M1)comprising of soil application of  vermi-compost @5 t/ha+ foliar spray of 5% garlic extract @ 2.0 kg/ha + 2% neem oil @ 5 litre/ha+ soil application of neem cake @150 kg/ha and Trichoderma  @ 2.5 kg/ha,  seed treatment with Rhizobium @100 ml/kg seed, PSB @ 100 ml/kg seed and Trichoderma @10 g/kg seed exhibited earliest seed germination and maximum plant height (5.78, 19.69, 43.39 and 50.97 cm) at 30, 60, 90 DAS and at harvest, respectively with maximum number of branches (6.76/ plant), number of pods (42/ plant), number of seeds (16.01/ pod), highest grain yield (1515.21 kg/ha), gross return (100004) and net returns (66741) in fenugreek crop. Similarly significant differences were recorded in the performance of fenugreek varieties under different organic modules and the highest plant height, maximum number of branches and pods per plant, highest number of seeds per pod with maximum grain yield (1568.36 kg/ha), gross returns (103512), net returns (71399) with higher B:C ratio (2.22)  were recorded in fenugreek variety AFg-1 than variety RMt-305. Cultivation of fenugreek variety AFg-1 with the application of Module-1 exhibited maximum values for all the growth parameters, yield attributing characters, maximum grain yield, net returns with improvement in soil organic carbon % (OC) and soil fertility (available N, P and K) after 4 crop cycles. Hence, variety AFg-1 is recommended to grow organically with the application of Module-1 (M1) under semi-arid environmental conditions.

Keywords

Organic modules manures biofertilizers Trichoderma fenugreek vegetative growth yield attributes grain yield.

References

  1. Balachandran, D. and Nagarajan, P. (2002). Dual inoculation of Rhizobium and phosphobacteria with phosphorus on black gram cv. Vamban1. Madras Agril. J. 89:691-693. 
  2. Darzi, M.T., Ghalavand, A. and Rejali, F. (2008). Effect of mycorrhiza, vermicompost and phosphate biofertilizers application on flowering, biological yield and root colonization in fennel (Foeniculum vulgare L). Iranian J. Crop Sci. 10: 88-109.
  3. Darzi, M.T., Haj, S., Hadi, M.R. and Rejali, F. (2011). Effect of vermicompost and phosphate biofertilizerapplication on yield and yield componenets in Anise (Pimpinella anisum L.) Iranian J. Med. Aroma. Plants 4:452-465.
  4. Gyaneshwar, P., Kumar, N.G., Parekh, L.J. and Poole, P.S. (2002). Role of soil microorganisms in improving P nutrition of plants. Plant. Soil 245:83-93.
  5. Lal, G. and Singh, R. (2016). Comprehensive evaluation of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) varieties under different organic modules. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 86: 31-36.
  6. Lal, G., Vashisth, T., Mehta, R.S. and Ali, S.F. (2012). Studies on different organic modules for yield and quality of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.). Int. J. Seed Spices 2: 1-6.
  7. Lal, G.; Singh, B.; Mehta, R.S.; Singh, R. and Maheria, S.P. (2015). Performance of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.) as influenced by sulphur and zinc. Int. J. Seed Spices 5: 29-33.
  8. Lampkin, N.H. (1999). Organic farming: sustainable agriculture in practice. In: the economics of organic farming- an international perspective. Eds. Lumpkin, N.H. and Padel, S. 3-9. CAB International, U.K.
  9. Malik, J. K.; Singh, R.; Thenua, O. V. S. and Kumar, A. (2013). Performance of sole and inter cropped pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) + mungbean (Phaseolus radiatus) as influenced by phosphorus and biofertilizers. Legume Research 36: 323-330
  10. Marame F, Desalegne L, Singh H, Fininsa C and Sigvald R. (2008). Genetic Components and Heritability of Yield and Yield Related Traits in Hot Pepper. Res. J. Ag. Biol. Sci. 4: 803-809.
  11. Mehta, R.S., Anwer, M.M and Malhotra, S.K. (2012). Influence of sheep manure, vermi-compost and biofertilizer on growth, yield and profitability of cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) production J. Spices Aroma Crops 21: 16–19.
  12. Mehta, R.S., Godara A.S., and Meena B.S. (2011). Effect of nitrogen, phosphorus and bio-fertilizer levels on yield attributes, yield and economics of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Prog. Hort. 43: 271-275.
  13. Mehta, R.S., Patel, B.S., Meena S.S and Meena R.S. (2010). Influence of nitrogen, phosphorus and bio-fertilizers on growth characters and yield of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) J. Spices Aroma. Crops 19: 23–28.
  14. Nagarajan, P. and Balachandran, D. (2001). Influence of Rhizobium and organic amendment on nodulation and grain yield of black gram, green gram in acid soil. Madras Agric. J. 88: 703-705 
  15. Nagavallemma K.P., Wani SP., Lacroix, S., Padmaja V.V, Vineela, C., Babu Rao. M. and Sahrawat, K.L. (2004). Vermicomposting: Recycling wastes into valuable organic fertilizer. Global Theme on Agro ecosystems Report no.8. Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics: 20.
  16. Palaniappan, S.P. and Annadurai, K. (1999). Organic Farming: Theory and Practices. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur.
  17. Panse, V. G. and Sukhatme, P. V. 1985. Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi.
  18. Pritam, S., Garg, V.K., Kaushik, C.P. (2010). Growth and yield response of marigold to potting media containing vermicompost produced from different wastes. Environmentalist, 30: 123-130.
  19. Saxena, H.S., Manral, T.K. and Chandel, A.S. (2001). Effect of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on soybean (Glycine max). Indian J. Agro. 46: 135-140.
  20. Sibbal, Anshu and Khurana, A.S. (2002). Host cultivar Rhizobium interaction in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Legume Research 25:21-26.
  21. Singh, R., Malik, J. K., Thenua, O.V.S. and Jat, H. S. (2013) Effect of phosphorus and bio-fertilizer on productivity, nutrient uptake and economics of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan)+ mungbean (Phaseolus radiatus) intercropping system. Legume Research 36: 41-48.
  22. Tiwari, R.K., Mistry, N.C., Singh, B. and Gandhi, C.P. (2013). Crop wise area, production and productivity of major spices in India. Indian Horticulture Database, pp. 06, www.nhb.gov.in.
  23. Vadiraj, B.A., Siddagangalah, A. and Potty, S.N. (1998). Response of coriander cultivars to graded levels of vermin-    compost. J. Spices Aroma Crops 7:141-3.

Global Footprints