Morphological diversity of local land races and wild forms of mungbean

DOI: 10.18805/lr.v0iOF.8408    | Article Id: LR-3380 | Page : 485-493
Citation :- Morphological diversity of local land races and wild forms of mungbean .Legume Research-An International Journal.2016.(39):485-493

Swapan K. Tripathy*, P. K. Nayak, D. Lenka, D. Swain, B. Baisakh, P. Mohanty, N. Senapati, G. B. Dash, S. Dash, P.M. Mohapatra, K. Pradhan, D.R. Mishra and R. Ranjan

swapankumartripathy@gmail.com
Address :

Department of Plant Breeding & Genetics, College of Agriculture, (OUAT), Bhubaneswar-751 003, India

Submitted Date : 14-11-2014
Accepted Date : 16-12-2015

Abstract

A set of genotypes comprising 81 local land races, four wild forms and four improved varieties of mungbean were grouped into 15 genetic clusters. The genotypes revealed wide variation in stable morphological characters as well as agronomic traits which provided the necessary base for genetic divergence. The wild forms TCR 192, TCR 213 and TCR 243 were viny with late maturity and had distinctly different leaflet, inflorescence and pod characteristics. Whereas, a wild accession TCR 20 was erect with sturdy stem, vigorous growth, broad ovate leaflets, long pods, profuse poding with high yield potential and resistance to biotic (bruchids, CLS, PM and YMV) and abiotic(drought) stresses. Clustering pattern confirmed more proximity of TCR 20 with cultivated forms and therefore, it may be amenable for hybridization with cultivated land races and improved varieties for transfer of its desirable traits. Balarampur Keonjhar local was quite distinct from other land races owing to its vigorous growth, broad leaves and long pods with very bold seeds, but worst affected by YMV. In contrast, TARM 1 had high field resistance to diseases including YMV. Nipania munga -an elite land race of Kalahandi district of Odisha was highly drought tolerant with dwarf plant type and good initial vigour. These above genotypes being morphologically unique and having unique desirable agro-economic traits, formed small divergent clusters and hence, may serve as valuable material for genetic improvement in mungbean through hybridization.

Keywords

Genetic variation Local land races Mungbean (Vigna radiata L.Wilczek) Wild forms.

References

  1. Abbas, G.; Asghar, M.J.; Shah, T.M. and Atta, B.M. (2010). Genetic diversity in mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek germplasm. Pak. J. Bot., 42: 3485-3495.
  2. Abna, F.; Golam, F. and Bhassu, S. (2012). Estimation of genetic diversity of mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) in Malaysian tropical environment. Afr. J. Microbiol. Res., 6: 1770-1775.
  3. AVRDC (2008). AVRDC Vegetable Genetic Resources Information System, <http://203.64.245.173/avgris>.
  4. Bhattacharya, A. and Vijaylaxmi, A. (2005). Genetic diversity in mungbean: phenological, physiological and yield forming traits. Legume Res., 28:1-6.
  5. Kole, C.; Naik, B.S. and Babita, S. (2000). Local land races of mungbean from Orissa: a potential resource for some agronomically desirable genes. Crop Research, 20: 261-267.
  6. Kumararathna, M.J.M.P.; Kumari, W.M.R.; Perera, A.M. and Ariyawansha, S. (2013). Estimation of phenotypic diversity of local and exotic mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) germplasm in Srilanka. Annals of Sri Lanka Department of Agriculture, 2013. 15: 273-282.
  7. Loganthan, P.; Saravanan, K. and Ganesan, J. (2000). Genetic analysis of yield and related components in greengram (V. radiata (L.) Wilczek). Research on Crops, 1: 34-36.
  8. Muhammad, Z.; Ajmal, S.U.; Muhammad, A. and Haqqani, A.M. (2007). Multivariate analysis for quantitative traits in mungbean (V. radiata (L.) Wilczek). Pak. J. Bot., 39: 103-113.
  9. Kousar, M.; Garard, A.; Arif J. and Singh, A.K. (2007). Genetic variability and correlation studies on yield and its component in mungbean (V. radiata (L.) Wilczek). J. Agron., 6: 216-218.
  10. Narasimhulu, R.; Naidu, N.V.; Shanthi Priya, M.; Govardhan, G.; Reddy, D.M.; Reddy, K.H.P. and Raja Rajeswari V. (2013). Genetic divergence studies in mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.)Wilczek). Int. J. Applied Biol. & Pharmaceutical Tech., 4: 277-280.
  11. Nisar, M.; Ghafoor, A.; Ahmad, H.; Rashid, K.M.; Qureshi, A.S. and Ali, H. (2008). Evaluation of genetic diversity of pea germplasm through phenotypic traits analysis. Pak. J. Bot., 40: 2081-2086.
  12. Patil, B.L.; Hegde, V.S. and Salimath, P.M. (2003). Studies on genetic divergence over stress and non-stress environment in mungbean (V. radiata (L.) Wilczek). Indian J. Genet. Pl. Breed., 63: 77-78.
  13. Prakash, V.; Siag, R.K. and Bains, T.S. (2007). Genetic divergence in indigenous and exotic genotypes of mungbean. In: International Conference on Indigenous Vegetables and Legumes: Prospects for Fighting Poverty, Hunger and Malnutrition (eds. M.I. Chadha, G. Kuo and C.L.L. Gowda), Hyderabad, 30 Sept. 2007. ISHS Acta Horticulturae, 752: p.25.
  14. Reif, J.C.; Fischer, S.; Schrag, T.A.; Lamkey, K.R.; Klein, D.; Dhillon, B.S.; Utz. H.F. and Melchinger, A.E. (2010). Broadening the genetic base of European maize heterotic pools with US Cornbelt germplasm using field and molecular marker data. Theor. Appl. Genet., 120: 301-310.
  15. Rao, G.R.; Rao, Y.K. and Rao, C.M. (2006). Genetic divergence in mungbean. Indian J. Pulses Res., 19: 61-63.
  16. Rupesh-Kumar; Singh, S.P.; Ojha, C.B. and Kumar, R. (2001). Genetic variability in spring mungbean. J. Appl. Biol., 11: 6-9.
  17. Sardar, S.S. (2011). Morphological and molecular characterization and germplasm evaluation in mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek). Ph. D. Thesis, Utkal University, Vani Vihar, Bhubaneswar, India, p. 73-102.
  18. Smith, J.S.C.; Duvick, D.N.; Smith, O.S.; Cooper, M. and Feng, L. (2004). Changer in pedigree backgrounds of Pionner brand maize hybrids widely grown from 1930 to 1999. Crop Sci., 44: 1935-1946.
  19. Swamy, A.A. and Reddy, G.L.K. (2002). Genetic divergence and stability analysis in mungbean (V. radiata (L.) Wilczek). Annals of Agric. Res., 23: 589-594.
  20. Tiwari A.; Tiwari, J.K. and Mishra, S.P. (2012). Genetic divergence analysis in mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek). Int. J. Food, Agril. & Vet. Sci., 2: 64-70.
  21. Tripathy, S.K. (2005). Character association in segregating population of mungbean. Curr. Agric. Res., 18: 60-61.
  22. Tripathy, S.K.; Sardar, S.S.; Lenka, D.; Ranjan, R. and Mishra, D.R. (2011). Identification of germplasm lines for stable morphological marker traits and selection strategy for high productivity in mungbean (Vigna radiata ( L.) Wilczek). Environ. & Eco., 29: 1376-1379.
  23. Venkateswarlu, O. (2001). Genetic variability in greengram (V. radiata (L.) Wilczek). Legume Res., 24(1): 69-70.
  24. Vijay-Prakash (2006). Genetic divergence and correlation analysis in mungbean (V. radiata (L.) Wilczek). Crop Improv., 33: 175-180.

Global Footprints