Loading...

Chloride salts inhibit emergence and seedling growth of chickpea rather than germination

DOI: 10.18805/lr.v40i04.9007    | Article Id: LR-333 | Page : 60-66
Citation :- Chloride salts inhibit emergence and seedling growth of chickpea ratherthan germination.Legume Research.2018.(41):60-66
Hamdi Özaktan, Cemalettin Yasar Çiftçi, Mehmet Demir KAYA, Sati Uzun, Oguzhan Uzun and Güray Akdogan ozaktan_03@hotmail.com
Address : Department of Field Crops, Seyrani Agricultural Faculty, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey.
Submitted Date : 14-11-2016
Accepted Date : 7-06-2017

Abstract

The effects of chloride salts (NaCl, MgCl2 and CaCl2) with the same electrical conductivity (EC) values on germination, emergence, seedling growth and Cl content of seedling in chickpea cultivars (Akçin 91, Aziziye, Gökçe, Inci, Iºýk-05 and Yaºa-05) were investigated. The EC values of the chloride salts were adjusted to 4, 8 and 16 dS m-1 and the distilled water was served as control. Germination percentage, mean germination time, radicula and plumula lengths, fresh and dry radicula and plumula weight, chloride (Cl-) content of seedling in germination test, and seedling length, fresh and dry seedling weight in emergence test were measured. The results revealed that increasing salt doses caused a significant reduction in parameters of all cultivars. The dose of 16 dS m-1 from each salt was found to be lethal. Cl- content of seedling was increased from 0.05 ppm in control to 4.10 ppm in 16 dS m-1; resulting in decreasing germination, emergence and seedling growth. The cultivar Aziziye presented better performance and gave higher emergence rates in NaCl, while Iºýk-05 in CaCl2 and Gökçe in MgCl2; indicating that there was a genotypic variation towards different salt sources. It was concluded that emergence and seedling growth were severely influenced by increasing salinity without changing germination and emergence was not possible at 16 dS m-1.

Keywords

Cicer arietinum L. CaCl2 MgCl2 NaCl Salinity Seed viability.

References

  1. Al-Mutawa, M.M. (2003). Effect of salinity on germination and seedling growth of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 5: 226-229. 
  2. Anonymous, (2016). Turkish Statistical Institute. http://tuikapp.tuik.gov.tr/ bitkiselapp/ bitkisel.zul (accessed: 24.10.2016)
  3. Ashraf, M. and Waheed, A. (1993). Response of some genetically diverse lines of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) to salt. Plant and Soil. 154: 257-266.
  4. Dua R.P. (1992). Differential response of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) genotypes to salinity. J. Agric. Sci. 119: 367-371.
  5. Esechie, H.A., Al-Saidi, A. and Al-Khanjari, S. (2002). Effect of sodium chloride salinity on seedling emergence in chickpea. J. Agron. & Crop Sci. 188: 155-160.
  6. Flowers, T.J., Gaur, P.M., Gowda, C.L.L., Krishnamurty, L., Samineni, S., Siddique, K.H.M., Turner, N.C., Valdez, V., Varshney, R.K. and Colmer, T.D. (2010). Salt sensitivity in chickpea. Plant, Cell and Environ. 33: 335-345.
  7. Gaur, P.M., Jukanti, A.K. and Vrshney, R.K. (2012). Impact of genomic technologies on chickpea breeding strategies. Agron. 2: 199-221.
  8. Grewal, H.S. (2010). Water uptake, water use efficiency, plant growth and ionic balance of wheat, barley, canola and chickpea plants on a sodic vertosol with variable subsoil NaCl salinity. Agric. Water Manag. 97: 148-156. 
  9. ISTA, (2003). International Seed Testing Association. International Rules for Seed Testing, Switzerland.
  10. Johnson, C.M. and Ulrich, A. (1959). II. Analytical methods for use in plant analysis. California Agricultural Experiment Station. Bull. 766.
  11. Kagan, S. and Kayan, N. (2014). The influence of inoculation and nitrogen treatments on yield and yield components in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars. Legume Research, 37: 363-371.
  12. Kaya, M., Kaya, G., Kaya, M.D., Atak, M., Saglam, S., Khawar, K. M., and Ciftci, C.Y. (2008). Interaction between seed size and NaCl on germination and early seedling growth of some Turkish cultivars of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 9: 371-377.
  13. Khajeh-Hosseini, M., Powell, A.A. and Bingham, I.J. (2003). The interaction between salinity stress and seed vigour during germination of soybean seeds. Seed Sci. & Technol. 31: 715-725.
  14. Khalid, M.N., Iqbal, H.F., Tahir, A. and Ahmad, A.N. (2001). Germination potential of chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.) under saline conditions. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 4(4): 395-396.
  15. Kumar, D. (1985). Emergence, establishment and seed yield of chickpea as affected by sodicity. Annals of Arid Zone, 24: 334-340.
  16. Mamo, T., Richter, C. and Heiligtag, B. (1996). Salinity effects on the growth and ion contents of some chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) varieties. J. Agron & Crop Sci. 176: 235-247.
  17. Mass, E.V. and Hoffman, G.J. (1977). Crop salt tolerance-current assessment. J. Irrig. Drainage Div., 103: 115-134.
  18. Munns, R. (2002). Comparative physiology of salt and water stress. Plant, Cell and Environ. 25: 239-250.
  19. Munns, R. and Tester, M. (2008). Mechanisms of salinity tolerance. Annual Review of Plant Biol. 59: 651-681.
  20. Murillo-Amador, B., Lopez-Aguilar, R., Kaya, C., Larrinaga-Mayoral, J. and Flores-Hernandez, A. (2002). Comparative effects of NaCl and polyethylene glycol on germination, emergence and seedling growth of cowpea. J. Agron. & Crop Sci. 188: 235-247.
  21. Okcu, G., Kaya, M.D. and Atak, M. (2005). Effects of salt and drought stresses on germination and seedling growth of pea (Pisum sativum L.). Turk. J. Agric. For. 29: 237-242.
  22. Rengasamy, P. (2010). Osmotic and ionic effects of various electrolytes on the growth of wheat. Aust. J. Soil Res. 48: 120-124.
  23. Samineni, S., Siddique, K.H.M., Gaur, P.M. and Colmer, T.D. (2011). Salt sensitivity of the vegetative and reproductive stages in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): Podding is a particularly sensitive stage. Environ. & Exp. Bot. 71: 260-268.
  24. Soltani, A., Galeshi, S., Zeinali, E. and Latifi, N. (2002). Germination, seed reserve utilization and seedling growth of chickpea as affected by salinity and seed size. Seed Sci. & Technol. 30: 51-60. 
  25. Tavakkoli, E., Fatehi, F., Coventry, S., Rengasamy, P. and McDonald, G.K. (2011). Additive effects of Na and Cl ions on barley growth under salinity stress. J. Exp. Bot. 62: 2189-2203. 
  26. Tavakkoli, E., Rengasamy, P. and McDonald, G.K. (2010). High concentrations of Na+ and Cl- ions in soil solution have simultaneous detrimental effects on growth of faba bean under salinity stress. J. Exp. Bot. 61: 4449-4459.
  27. Tobe, K., Li, X. and Omasa, K. (2004). Effects of five different salts on seed germination and seedling growth of Haloxylon ammodendron (Chenopodiaceae). Seed Sci. Res. 14: 345-353.
  28. Turner, N.C., Colmer, T.D., Quealy, J., Pushpavalli, R., Krishnamurthy, L., Kaur, J., Sing, G., Siddique, K.H.M. and Vadez, V. (2013). Salinity tolerance and ion accumulation in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) subjected to the salt stress. Plant and Soil. 365: 347-361.
  29. Valdez, V., Rashmi, M., Sindhu, K., Muralidharan, M., Pushpavalli, R., Turner, N.C., Krishnamurthy, L., Gaur, P.M. and Colmer, T.D. (2012). Large number of flowers and tertiary branches, and higher reproductive success increase yields under salt stress in chickpea. Eur. J. Agron. 41: 42-51. 
  30. Yadav, H.D., Yadav, O.P., Dhankar, O.P. and Oswal, M.C. (1989). Effect of chloride salinity and boron on germination, growth and mineral composition of chickpea (Cicer arientinum L.). Annals of Arid Zone. 28: 63-67. 

Global Footprints