Stability analysis for yield and its attributing traits in advanced genotypes of pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.]

DOI: 10.18805/lr.v0iOF.6776    | Article Id: LR-3312 | Page : 194-197
Citation :- Stability analysis for yield and its attributing traits in advanced genotypes of pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] .Legume Research.2016.(39):194-197

B. Niranjana Kumara*, P. S. Dharmaraj, P.H. Kuchnur, S. Muniswamy, Yamanura, J.R. Diwan and Y.S. Amaresh

Address :

All India Co-ordinated Research Project on Pigeonpea, Agricultural Research Station, Gulbarga-585 101, India


The present investigation was carried out during kharif 2012 at the Agricultural Research Station, Gulbarga and other four locations located in north eastern dry zone (Zone 2) of Karnataka, to know the stability of the nineteen advanced genotypes of pigeonpea. Highly significant differences among genotypes were observed for all the characters except number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod and seed yield per plant. The variance due to Genotype x Environment found significant for the characters like days to 80% pod maturity and number of seeds per pod. Environment (linear) interaction component was significant for all the traits. The variance due to pooled deviation (non- linear) was highly significant for all the characters except for number of seeds per pod which reflect considerable genetic diversity in the material. Out of 19 genotypes studied two entries viz., GRG-109 and GRG-107 were consistent and high yielding compared to local checks.


Genotype x Environment Pigeonpea Stability.


  1. Breese, E.L. (1969). The measurement and significance of genotypes environment interaction in grasses. Heredity., 24: 27-44.
  2. Eberhart, S.A. and Russell, W.A. (1966). Stability parameters for comparing varieties. Crop Sci., 6: 36–40.
  3. Finlay, K.W. and Wilkinson, G.N. (1963). The analysis of adaptation in a plant breeding programme. Australian J. Agric. Res., 14: 742–54.
  4. Jatasra, D.S. and Paroda, R.S. (1978). Stability analysis for synchrony traits in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Indian J. Genet., 39, 378- 383.
  5. Kuchanur, P.H., Tembhurne, B.V and Patil, A. (2008). Stability analysis for yield and yield contributing traits in early pigeonpea under irrigated conditions. Legume Res., 31(4): 276-279.
  6. Manivel, P., Rangasamy, P and Samdur, M.Y. (1999). Phenotypic stability of hybrids and their parents for seed yield in pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.]. Crop Res., 15(1): 108-111.
  7. Paroda, R.S and Hays J.D. (1971). An investigation of genotype-environmental interaction for rate of ear-emergence spring barley. Heredity. 26: 157-175.
  8. Samuel, C.J.K., Hill. J., Breese, E.L and Davies, A. (1970). Assessing and predicting environmental response in Lolium perenne. J. Agric. Sci. Camb., 75: 1–9.
  9. Van der and Messen, L. J. G. (1980). India is the native home of the pigeonpea. In: Arends, J. C, Boelma, G, de Grant, C. T, Leeuwaenberg, A. J. M. (Eds) Libergratularious in Honrem, H. C. D. de Wit. Agril. Univ., Miscellan. Paper, 19: 257-262.
  10. Saxena, K.B and Kumar, R. V. (2010). Insect-aided natural out-crossing in four wild relatives of pigeonpea. Euphytica, 173 (3): 329-335. 

Global Footprints