Effect of Callosobruchus chinensis on seed quality parameters of horse gram accessions during storage
Citation :- Effect of Callosobruchus chinensis on seed quality parameters of horse gram accessions during storage .Legume Research.2018.(41):143-149
Studies on the effect of pulse beetle (Callosobruchus chinensis L.) on seed quality parameters of horse gram (Macrotyloma uniflorum) accessions was undertaken at Seed Research and Technology Centre, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad during 2011-12. Seed germination, seedling length and seedling vigor indices-I & II in 50 accessions of horse gram were estimated both at initial as well at 60 days after infestation and they were screened for their relative response to the attack by C. chinensis with artificial infestation. Significant difference between accessions was observed with regard to their relative susceptibility to bruchid infestation. The per cent reduction in germination in comparison to initial germination was 0.4%, 2.4% and 2.4% for Palem-1, Palem-2 and AK-21, respectively at 60 days after release whereas in NS/05/42, per cent germination drastically reduced from 90.6 to 31.6% leading to 65% reduction in germination after infestation.
Horse gram accessions
Seed quality parameters.
- Abdul-Baki, A.A and Anderson, J.D. (1973). Vigor determination in soybean seeds by multiple criteria. Crop Science. 13: 630-633.
- Arora, G. L. (1977). Bruchidae of North West India. Oriental Insects. Supplement No. 7. The association for the study of oriental insects, New Delhi. pp.132.
- Deshpande, V.K., Basavaraj Makanur, Deshpande, S.K., Sateesh Adiger and Salimath, P.M. (2011). Quantitative and qualitative losses caused by Callosobruchus maculatus in cowpea during seed Storage. Plant Archives. 11(2): 723-731.
- Hanumantappa, R. (1996). Screening of horse gram and efficacy of different seed treatments against bruchids (Callosobruchus chinensis L.) during storage. M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
- ISTA. (1999). International Rules for Seed Testing. Seed Science and Technology, Supplement rules. 27: 25-30.
- Lakshminarasimhiah, M.N. (1993). Bio-efficacy of non-edible plant oils as seed protectants against Callosobruchus chinensis L. and their effect on seed quality of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.) during storage. M. Sc. (Agri) Thesis, University of Agricultural Science, Bangalore, Karnataka (India).
- Nagaraja, M. (2006). Evaluation of pigeon pea and cowpea genotypes for bruchid resistance (bruchids). M. Sc. (Agri.) Thesis, University of Agricultural Science, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
- Parameshwarappa, S.G., Deshpande, V.K and Salimath, P.M. (2007). Studies on comparative response and seed quality attributes of certain chickpea varieties to pulse beetle (Callosobruchus chinensis L.) in storage. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 20(3): 492-495.
- Patil, S.K., Tanpure, S.V and Mate, S.N. (2003). Effect of different levels of pulse beetle [Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.)] infestation on chickpea during storage. Seed Research. 31(1): 119-120.
- Patro, B., Sahu, K.C and Sahoo, P. (2001). Effect of different levels of Callosobruchus chinensis (L.) infestation on deterioration of pigeon pea and green gram seeds. Legume Research. 24(2): 109-111.
- Raja, K., Karivaratharaju, T.V., Menaka, C and Srimathi, P. (2004). Qualitative and quantitative characters of Callosobruchus maculatus infested seeds of greengram. Legume Research. 27(3): 220-222.
- Southgate, B.J. (1979). Biology of the Bruchidae. Annual Review of Entomology. 24: 449-473.