Loading...

Evaluation of Turkish grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) collections for it  agronomic characters with a special reference to ODAP content

DOI: 10.18805/lr.v0iOF.3547    | Article Id: LR-295 | Page : 876-882
Citation :- Evaluation of Turkish grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) collections for it agronomic characters with a special reference to ODAP content .Legume Research.2016.(39):876-882

Ugur Basaran*, Hanife Mut,  Erdem Gulumser and Medine Copur Dogrusoz

ugur.basaran@bozok.edu.tr
Address :

Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture of Bozok University, Yozgat, Turkey.

Submitted Date : 16-05-2016
Accepted Date : 24-08-2016

Abstract

Fifty-two grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) genotypes were investigated in terms of agronomic performance, protein and ODAP (b-N-oxalyl-l-diamino-propionic acid) content under semi-arid conditions of Inner Anatolia during 2013 and 2014. High variation was observed among genotypes, especially for seed yield and ODAP content. Seed yield ranged from 1142.4 kg/ha up to 2046.4 kg/ha with a mean of 1521.1 kg/ha, ODAP content in seed varied from 2.62 mg/g up to 5.59 mg/g with an average of 3.85 mg per g and seed protein ratio was between 26.77% and 30.20% over the genotypes and years.  A significant and negative correlation of ODAP was noted with seed yield   (r = -0.38). This association is very encouraging for breeders to improve new varieties having high seed yield and low ODAP content. The results from this study indicated that ten grass pea genotypes consisting two ICARDA lines and eight landraces from Turkey recorded superior with low ODAP content and and high seed yield (changed between 1680.9 kg/ha and 2046.4 kg/ha). So, these may be potential candidates for new varieties.

Keywords

Grass pea Lathyrus sativus ODAP Protein Variation.

References

  1. Abd El-Moneim, A.M., Nakkoul, H., Masri, S. and Ryan, J. (2010). Implications of zinc fertilization for ameliorating toxicity (Neurotoxin) in Grasspea (Lathyrus sativus). J. Agr. Sci. Tech. 12: 69-78. 
  2. Basaran, U. and Acar, Z. (2013). Recent and historical status of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) in Turkey. Cassava Cyanide Diseases Network (CCDN). 22: 8-10.
  3. Basaran, U, Asci Onal, O., Mut, H., Acar, Z. and Ayan, I. (2011). Some quality traits and neurotoxin ß-N-oxalyl-L- a, ß-    diaminopropionic acid (ß-ODAP) contents of Lathyrus sp. cultivated in Turkey. African Journal of Biotechnology. 10: 4072-4078.
  4. Basaran, U., Acar, Z., Karacan, M. and Onar, A.N. (2013). Variation and correlation of morpho-agronomic traits and biochemical contents (protein and ß -ODAP) in Turkish grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) landraces. Turkish Journal of Field Crops. 18: 166-173.
  5. Campbell, C.G. (1997). Grasspea (Lathyrus sativus L.) Promoting the Conservation and Use of Underutilized and Neglected crops. Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Gatersleben/International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome.
  6. Cocks, P., Siddique, K. and Hanbury, C. (2000). Lathyrus. A New Grain Legume: A report for the rural industries research and development corporation. Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation.
  7. Firincioglu, H.K., Unal, S. and Ozpinar, H. (2004). Grass pea (Lathyrus Sativus L.) as a feed crop in mixed farming systems in Turkey. Journal of Field Crops Central Research Institute. 13: 29-36.
  8. Grela, E.R., Rybinski, W., Klebaniuk, R. and Mantras, J. (2010). Morphological characteristics of some accessions of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) grown in Europe and nutritional traits of their seeds. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. 57: 693-701.
  9. Hanbury, C.D., Siddique, K.H.M., Galwey, N.W. and Cocks, P.S. (1999). Genotype-environment interaction for seed yield and ODAP concentration of Lathyrus sativus L. and L. cicera L. in Mediterranean-type Environments. Euphytica. 110: 445–460.
  10. Hanbury, C.D., White, C.L., Mullan, B.P. and Siddique, K.H.M. (2000). A review of the potential of Lathyrus sativus L. and L. cicera L. grain for use as animal feed. Anim Feed Technology. 87: 1– 27.
  11. IPGRI, (2000). Descriptors for Lathyrus ssp. Int. Plant Genetic Resources Inst. Press, Rome, Italy.
  12. Jackson, M.T. and Yunus, A.G. (1984). Variation in the grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) and wild Species. Euphytica. 33: 549–559.
  13. Kumar, S. And Dubey, D.K. (2001). Variability, heritability and correlation studies in grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) Lathyrus Lathyrism Newsletter. 2: 79-81.
  14. Lambein, F. and Kuo, Y.H. (1997). Factors affecting human susceptibility to neurolathyrism. In: Tekle Haimanot, R., Lambein, F. (Eds.), Lathyrus and Lathyrism, a Decade of Progress. University of Ghent, Belgium, pp. 9–13.
  15. Lambein F., Haque, R., Khan, J.K., Kebede, N. and Kuo, Y.H. (1994). From soil to brain: zinc deficiency increases the neurotoxicity of Lathyrus sativus and may affect the susceptibility for the motorneurone disease neurolathyrism. Toxicon. 32: 461–466.
  16. Onar, A.N., Erdogan, B.Y., Ayan, I. and Acar, Z. (2014). Homoarginine, b-ODAP, and asparagine contents of grass pea landraces cultivated in Turkey. Food Chemistry. 143: 277–281. 
  17. Rao, S.L.N. (1978). A sensitive and specific colorimetric method for determination of a,b-diaminopropionic acid and Lathyrus sativus neurotoxin. Analytical Biochemistry. 86: 386–396.
  18. Rao, S.L.N., Adiga, P.R. and Sharma, P.S. (1964). Isolation and characterization of betha-oxalyl-L-diaminopropanoic acid: A neurothoxin fom the seeds of Lathyrus sativus. Biochem. 3: 432–436.
  19. Rosa M.J., Ferreira, R.B. and Teixeira, A.M. (2000). Storage proteins from Lathyrus sativus Seeds. J. Agric.Food Chem. 48: 5432–5439.
  20. Sharma, R.N., Chitale, M.W., Ganvir, G.B., Geda, A.K. and Pandey, R.L. (2000). Observations on the development of selection criterion for high yield and low neurotoxin in grass pea based on genetic resources. Lathyrus Lathyrism Newsletter. 1: 15–16.
  21. Singh, S.S. and Rao, S.L.N. (2013). Lessons from neurolathyrism: A disease of the past and the future of Lathyrus sativus (Khesari dal). Indian J Med Res. 138: 32–37.
  22. Tadesse, W. and Bekele, E. (2003). Variation and association of morphological and biochemical characters in grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.). Euphytica. 130: 315-324.
  23. Tamburino, R., Guida, V., Pacifico, S., Rocco, M., Zarelli, A., Parente, A. and Di Maro, A. (2012). Nutritional values and radical scavenging capacities of grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) seeds in Valle Agricola district, Italy. AJCS. 6: 149-156.
  24. Tiwari, K.R and Campbell, C.G. (1996). Inheritance of neurotoxin (ODAP) content, flower and seed coat colour in grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.). Euphytica. 91: 195–203.
  25. TUIK, (2014). Turkish Statistical Institute, Crop porduction statistics, Available: http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/PreTablo.do ?alt_id=1001 
  26. Vaz-Patto, M.C., Skiba, B., Pang, E.C.K., Ochatt, S.J., Lambein, F. and Rubiales, D. (2006). Lathyrus improvement for resistance against biotic and abiotic stresses: From classical breeding to marker assisted selection. Euphytica. 147: 133-147. 

Global Footprints