DOI: 10.5958/0976-0571.2014.00658.4    | Article Id: LR-209 | Page : 445-452
Mehmet Salih Sayar*
Address : Crop and Animal Production Department, Bismil Vocational Training School,Dicle University, 21500, Bismil, Diyarbakir, Turkey


It was assessed simple correlation coefficients between fresh forage yield and seven affecting yield components in the common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) and determined the direct and indirect effects of the yield components on fresh forage yield using path coefficient analysis of data collected over three consecutive growing seasons. Field trials were performed at the GAP International Agricultural Research and Training Center (GAP IARTC) in Diyarbakir, Turkey during the 2008-09, 2009-10, and 2010-11 growing seasons with winter sowings. The experiments used a randomized block design with three replications. Path coefficients and simple correlation coefficient analysis showed that the yield component traits with the greatest effects on fresh forage yield were dry matter yield and main stem height. The direct effects of both traits on fresh forage yield were strong and positive. In addition, the indirect effects of both of the traits were considerably higher than those of the other traits. Consequently, dry matter yield and main stem height traits should be used as the primary selection criteria for improving forage yield in common vetch.


Common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) Correlation Forage yield Path coefficient analysis Yield components.


  1. Abdel-Galil, M.M. (2007). Yield potential, genetic variation correlation and path coefficient for two newly developed synthetics and three commercial varieties of alfalfa. Egypt J. Plant Breed., 11: 45-54.
  2. Acikgoz, E. and Tekeli, A.S. (1980). Seed yield and its components in smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leyss.) cultivars. Euphytica, 29 : 199-203.
  3. Acikgoz, E. (2001). Forage Crops (3rd Press). Uludag University, Faculty of Agriculture, Lecture Book, Publication Number, 182: 94-95, Bursa.
  4. Ahmadi, V., Fard, S.E. and Rabieyan, Z. (2014). Correlation and path coefficient analyses of forage yield in corn hybrids as second crop. Int. J. Biosci., 4: 170-175.
  5. Albayrak, S., Guler, M. and Tongel., O. (2005). Relations between seed yield and yield components of common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) lines. J. Fac. Agric. OMU, 20 : 56-63.
  6. Anlarsal, A.E. and Gulcan, H. (1989). Determination of relations between yield and yield components in common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) by using path analysis under Cukurova conditions. Turk. J. Agric. For., 13:487-494.
  7. Ayed, M.H., Gonzalez, J., Caballero, R. and Alvir, M.R. (2001). Effect of maturity on nutritive value of field-cured hays from common and hairy vetch. Anim. Res., 50: 31-41.
  8. Basaran, U., Mut, H., Onal, O., Acar, Z. and Ayan, I. (2011). Variability in forage quality of Turkish grass pea (Lathyrus sativus L.) landraces. Turk. J. Field Crops, 16: 9-14.
  9. Caballero, R., Alzueta, C., Ortiz, L.T., Rodriguez, M.L., Barro, C. and Rebole, A. (2001). Carbonhydrate and protein fractions of fresh and dried common vetch at three maturity stages. Agron. J., 93: 1006-1013.
  10. Cakmakci, S., Unay, A. and Acýkgoz, E. (1998). An investigation on determination of characters regarding to seed and straw yield using different methods in common vetch. Turk. J. Agric. For., 22: 161-165.
  11. Cakmakci, S., Aydinoglu, B. and Karaca, M. (2003). Determining relationships among yield and yield components using correlation and path coefficient analyses in summer sown common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) genotypes. Pak. J. Bot., 35: 387-400.
  12. Carpici, E.B. and Celik, N. (2010). Determining possible relationships between yield and yield-related components in forage maize (Zea mays L.) using correlation and path analysis. Not. Bot. Horti. Agrobo., 38: 280-285.
  13. Cinar, S. (2012). Performances of pure growings and mixtures of some warm season perennial grasses and alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) under lowland conditions of Cukurova. Ph.D. thesis submitted the Science Institute of Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey, 151 pages.
  14. Demiroglu, G., Okkaoglu, H. and Avcýoglu, R. (2008). Correlation and path analysis of yield and some yield related traits of orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.). Res. J. Agric. Sci., 1:49-53.
  15. Dewey, D.R. and Lu, K.H. (1959). A correlation and path-coefficient analysis of components of crested wheatgrass seed production. Agron. J., 51: 515-518.
  16. Hamd Alla, W.A., Bakheit, B.R., Abo Elwafa, A. and El-Nahrawy, M.A. (2013). Evaluate of some varieties of alfalfa for forage yield and its components under the New Valley conditions. J. Agroalimentary Processes and Technol., 19: 413-418.
  17. Ilker, E. (2011). Correlation and path coefficient analyses in sweet corn. Turk. J. Field Crops, 16(2): 105-107.
  18. Kara, S.M., Deveci, M., Dede, O. and Sekeroglu, N. (1999). The effects of different plant densities and nitrogen levels on forage yield and some attributes in silage corn. III. Field Crops Congress in Turkey, Adana III, 172-177.Kaya, Y., Evci, G., Durak, S., Pekcan, V. and Gucer, T. (2009). Yield components affecting seed yield and their relationships in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Pak. J. Bot., 41: 2261-2269.
  19. Kumar Srivas, S., Singh, U.P. (2004). Genetic variability, character association and path analysis of yield and its component traits in forage maize (Zea mays L.). Range. Manag. Agroforestry, 25: 149-153.
  20. Neder, D.G., Da Costa, F.R., Edvan, R.L. and Soutu Filho, L.T. (2013). Correlations and path analysis of morphological and yield traits of cactus pear accessions. Crop Breed. Appl. Biotech., 13: 203-207.
  21. Sabanci, C.O. (1996). Determination of relations between yield and yield components in common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) by using path analysis. Turkey 3rd Grassland and Forages Congress, June 17-19, 1996, Erzurum, pp: 656-660.
  22. Sayar, M.S., Anlarsal, A.E. and Basbag, M. (2010). Current situation, problems and solutions for cultivation of forage crops in the Southeastern Anatolian Region. J. Agric. Fac. HR. U., 14 : 59-67.
  23. Sayar, M.S., Anlarsal, A.E., Basbag, M. and Acikgoz, E. (2011). Determination of forage yield, its affecting components and relationships among traits of some forage pea (Pisum arvense L.) genotypes in Hazro ecological conditions. Turkey IX. Field Crops Congress. September 12-15, 2011, Bursa. Vol. 3: 1716-1721.
  24. Sayar, M.S., Anlarsal, A.E. and Basbag, M. (2013). Genotype-environment interactions and stability analysis for dry- matter yield and seed yield in Hungarian vetch (Vicia pannonica CRANTZ.). Turk. J. Field Crops, 18: 238-246.
  25. Seker, H. and Serin, Y. (2004). Explanation of the relationships between seed yield and some morphological traits in smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leyss.) by path analysis. Eur. J. Agron., 21: 1-6.
  26. SRCC, (2001). Technical Instruction for Registration Trials in Annual Forage Legumes Species. Publication of Seed Registration and Certification Centre, Ankara, Turkey, 36 pages.
  27. Ozcan, K. and Acikgoz, N. (1999). A statistical analysis program for population genetics. 3th The symposium of computer application for agriculture. 3-6 October 1999, Cukurova University, Adana-Turkey.
  28. Rodriguez, D.J., Angulo-Sanchez, J.L. and Rodriguez-Garcia, R. (2001). Correlation and path coefficient analyses of the agronomic trait of a native population of guayule plants. Ind. Crop Prod., 14: 93-103.
  29. Turk, M., Celik, N., Bayram, G. and Budaklý E. (2008). Relationships between seed yield and yield components in narbon bean (Vicia narbonensis L.) by path analysis. Bangladesh J. Bot., 37: 27-32.
  30. Yucel, C. (2004). Correlation and path coefficient analyses of seed yield components in the narbon bean (Vicia narbonensis L.). Turk. J. Agric. For., 28: 371-376.
  31. Williams, W.A., Jones, M.B. and Demment, M.W. (1990). A concise table for path analysis statistics. Agron. J., 82: 1022-1024.

Global Footprints