IMPACT OF LEVELS OF IRRIGATION AND FERTILITY GRADIENTS ON DRY MATTER PRODUCTION, NUTRIENT UPTAKE AND YIELD ON CHICKPEA (CICER ARIETINUM) INTERCROPPING SYSTEM

Article Id: ARCC1268 | Page : 10 - 16,
Citation :- IMPACT OF LEVELS OF IRRIGATION AND FERTILITY GRADIENTS ON DRY MATTER PRODUCTION, NUTRIENT UPTAKE AND YIELD ON CHICKPEA (CICER ARIETINUM) INTERCROPPING SYSTEM.Legume Research-An International Journal.2010.(33):10 - 16,
Thomas Abraham, O.V.S. Thenua and B.G. Shivakumar*
Address : Department of Agronomy Amar Singh (P.G.) College, Lakhaoti - 245 407, Bulandshahr, India.

Abstract

A field investigation was carried out during rabi season of 2005-06 and 2006-07 in the Agronomy
Research Farm of Amar Singh (P.G) College, Lakhaoti (U.P), to study the influence of four levels of
irrigation [(no irrigation, irrigation at first critical stage of chickpea (pre-flowering stage), irrigation
at second most critical stage of chickpea (pod formation), combination at first and second most
critical stages of chickpea (pre-flowering stage and pod formation)] and three fertility gradients [(20
: 40 : 10 kg N, P and S/ha, 40 : 60 : 20 kg N, P and S/ha and recommended dose of fertilizers (RDF)
20-60-20 (N P and S) for both the crops)] on chickpea and mustard sole and intercropping system
with variety of Avrodhi (chickpea) and B-70 (mustard). Cropping system did not influence mustard
DMP but it did with chickpea. The application of two irrigations (I3) recorded the highest dry matter
accumulation and application of recommended dose of fertilizers on area basis to both the crops (F3)
recorded the highest dry matter. Similar, influence also noticed in nutrient uptake and yield. The
intercropping of chickpea and mustard in 4:1 ratio was significantly superior as compared to sole
crops of either chickpea or mustard. Cultivation of chickpea was better as compared to mustard.
Irrigation during pre-flowering and pod filling stage of chickpea resulted in higher yield. Application
of recommended dose of fertilizers (20:60:20, N:P:S) on area basis to both the crops was also
superior.

Keywords

Chickpea Mustard Irrigation Fertility Intercropping

References

  1. Ahlawat, I.P.S., et al (2005). Indian J. Agric. Sci., 75: 23-26.
  2. Chand, S. and Tripathi, A.K. (2005). Haryana J. Agron., 21: 164-168.
  3. MoA (2008). Agriculture Statistics at a Glance, Ministry of Agriculture, New Delhi.
  4. Singh, S., et al (2004). Haryana J. Agron., 20: 46-48.
  5. Tripathi, H.N, et al (2005). Indian J. Agron., 50: 31-34.

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