Indian Journal of Animal Research

  • Chief EditorK.M.L. Pathak

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Indian Journal of Animal Research, volume 53 issue 11 (november 2019) : 1509-1513

Cytokine response to killed Staphylococcus pseudintermedius antigen in dogs with skin diseases

Hridya Susan Varughese, M. Ananda Chitra, Ranjani Rajasekaran, S.Rajalakshmi, G. Dhinakar Raj
1Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Madras Veterinary College Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Vepery, Chennai-600 007, Tamil Nadu, India.
Cite article:- Varughese Susan Hridya, Chitra Ananda M., Rajasekaran Ranjani, S.Rajalakshmi, Raj Dhinakar G. (2019). Cytokine response to killed Staphylococcus pseudintermedius antigen in dogs with skin diseases. Indian Journal of Animal Research. 53(11): 1509-1513. doi: 10.18805/ijar.B-3714.
The attempt was made to study the response of the dog having skin infection with various underlying causes to killed S.pseudintermedius antigen. PBMC were separated and sensitized with killed S. pseudintermedius for 24 hours. cDNA was made from extracted RNA and quantitative PCR were carried out for 8 cytokines with GAPDH as housekeeping gene. IL-6 was the cytokine which was expressed in a statistically significant high level in PBMC of healthy animals to killed antigen than PBMC of infected animals. Except for the IL-6, all other cytokines were expressed at high level in pyoderma animals than healthy control, demodicosis and allergy cases. In the present study, IL-1â, IL-8 and TNF-á were the cytokines that were up-regulated and, IL-6 and IFN-ã were down-regulated in demodicosis dogs with pyoderma at apparently significant level than the other tested cytokines. IL-4 was the only cytokine that was expressed in measurable quantity in allergic cases when compared to other cytokines. Thus, it was concluded that dogs with staphylococcal pyoderma infections developed a Th1/Th2 response to fight the infection. 
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