Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorV. Geethalakshmi

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.60

  • SJR 0.293

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 55 issue 6 (december 2021) : 667-673

Effect of NPK Fertilizer on Nutrient Uptake, Growth, Yield and Beta-carotene of Cutleaf Groundcherry (Physalis angulata L.) of Genotypes

W.S.D. Yamika, G.P. Simbolon, B. Waluyo, N. Aini
1Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, East Java-65145, Indonesia.
Cite article:- Yamika W.S.D., Simbolon G.P., Waluyo B., Aini N. (2021). Effect of NPK Fertilizer on Nutrient Uptake, Growth, Yield and Beta-carotene of Cutleaf Groundcherry (Physalis angulata L.) of Genotypes. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 55(6): 667-673. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-637.
Background: Cutleaf groundcherry (Physalis angulata L.) has vitamins that are good for health. There were several genotypes of cutleaf groundcherry that have the potential to be widely cultivation, but information of doses of NPK fertilizer for those genotypes was still limited. The objective of this experiment was to determine the response of cutleaf groundcherry to different rates of NPK fertilizer.
Methods: The experiment was conducted May - September 2019 in dry land field. The experiment used a factorial randomized block design with three replications. The first factor was genotypes cutleaf groundcherry (PA 01, PA 02 and PA 03) and the second factor was doses of NPK fertilizer (75, 150 and 225 kg ha-1 NPK).
Conclusion: The increased in doses of NPK fertilizer to 225 kg ha-1 NPK increased nutrient uptake, plant growth and fresh fruit weight for each genotype of cutleaf groundcherry. Meanwhile ascorbic acid content increased with a dose of 150 kg ha-1 NPK, but decreased with increased NPK fertilizer rates. The beta-carotene content with 75 kg ha-1 NPK fertilizer was higher than with 150 and 225 kg ha-1 doses. The increase of NPK fertilizer doses otherwise decreases the beta-carotene content for each genotype. Shoot dry weight, fresh fruits weight and ascorbic acid in PA 03 genotype higher than PA 01 and PA 02 genotypes.

  1. Adekiya, A.O. and Agbede, T.M. (2009). Growth and yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) as influenced by poultry manure and NPK fertilizer. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture. 21(1): 10-20. 

  2. Adeli, A., Sistani, K.R., Rowe, D.E. and Tewolde, H. (2005). Effect of broiler litter on soybean production and soil nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations. Agronomy Journal. 97: 314-321. 

  3. Albayrak, B., Sonmez, Ý. and Biyikli, M. (2014). The determination of nitrogen demand of Physalis (Physalis peruviana L.) in Yalova/Turkey. Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences. 1(2): 1425-1428. 

  4. Ali, A. and Singh, B.P. (2017). Effect of plant spacing and fertility level on leaf area variation at different phenological stages of cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana L.) grown in sodic soil. Journal of Applied and Natural Science. 9(1): 274-279.

  5. Arnon, D.I. (1949). Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphenoloxidase in Beta Vulgaris. Plant Physiology. 24(1): 1-15. 

  6. Bastos, G.N.T., Silveira, A.J.A., Salgado, C.G., Picanc, D.L.W. and Do Nascimento, J.L.M. (2008). Physalis angulata extract exerts anti-inflammatory effects in rats by inhibiting different pathways. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 118: 246-251. 

  7. Bonela, G.D., Dos Santos, W.P., Sobrinho, E.A., and Gomes, E.J.C. (2017). Produtividade e qualidade de raízes de rabanete cultivadas sob diferentes fontes residuais de matéria orgânica. Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável. 7(2): 66-74. 

  8. Chrysargyris, A., Nikolaidou, E., Stamatakis, A. and Tzortzakis, N. (2017). Vegetative, physiological, nutritional and antioxidant behavior of spearmint (Mentha spicata L.) in response to different nitrogen supply in hydroponics. Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. 6: 52-61. 

  9. Cintya, H., Silalahi, J., Putra, E.D.L. and Siburian, R. (2018). The influence of fertilizer on nitrate, nitrite and vitamin C contents in vegetables. Oriental Journal of Chemistry. 34(5): 2614- 2621. 

  10. Dalai, S., Evoor, S., Mastiholi, A.B., Hanchinamani, C.N., Mulge, R., Kukanoor, L. and Kantharaju, V. (2019). Studies on growth, yield and quality of edible poded dolichos bean as affected by NPK fertilization. Legume Research. 

  11. El-kenawy, A.E., Elshama, S.S. and Hussein, H. (2015). Effects of Physalis peruviana L. on toxicity and lung cancer induction by nicotine derived nitrosamine ketone in rats. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. 16: 5863-5868.

  12. El-Tohamy, W.A., El-Abagy, H.M., Abou-Hussein, S.D. and Gruda, N. (2009). Response of cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana L.) to nitrogen application under sandy soil conditions. Gesunde Pflanze. 61: 123-127. .

  13. Erturk, Ö., Çol Ayvaz, M., Can, Z., Karaman, Ü. and Korkmaz, K. (2017). Antioxidant, antimicrobial activities and phenolic and chemical contents of Physalis peruviana L. from Trabzon, Turkey. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research. 51(3): S213-S216. 

  14. Fitria, M., Armandari, I., Septhea, D.B., Ikawati, A.H.M. and Meiyanto, E. (2011). Effect of ethanolic extract of ciplukan herbs (Physalis angulata L.) on cytotoxic and apoptosis induction in mcf-7 breast cancer cell lines. Bionatura. 13(2): 101-107.

  15. Geisseler, D., Aegerter, B.J., Miyao, E.M., Turini, T. and Cahn, M.D. (2020). Nitrogen in soil and subsurface drip-irrigated processing tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum L.) as affected by fertilization level. Scientia Horticulturae. 261(3): 1-8. 

  16. Golubkina, N.A., Kekina, H.G., Engalichev, M.R., Antoshkina, M.S., Nadezhkin, S.M., and Caruso, G. (2018). Yield, quality, antioxidants and mineral nutrients of Physalis angulata L. and Physalis pubescens L. fruits as affected by genotype under organic management. Advances in Horticultural Science. 2(4): 541-548. 

  17. Hseu, Y., Wu, C., Chang, H., Kumar, K.J.S., Lin, M., Chen, C., Cho, H., Huang, C., Huang, C., Lee, H., Hsieh, W., Chung, J., Wang, H. and Yang, H. (2011). Inhibitory effects of Physalis angulata on tumor metastasis and angiogenesis. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 135: 762-771. 

  18. Hussein, M.M. and Alva, A.K. (2014). Growth, yield and water use effeciency of forage sorghum as affected by NPK fertilizer and deficit irrigation. American Journal of Plant Sciences. 5: 2134-2140. 

  19. Isah, A.S., Amans, E.B., Odion, E.C. and Yusuf, A.A. (2014). Growth rate and yield of two tomato varieties (Lycopersicon esculentum mill) under green manure and NPK fertilizer rate Samaru northern guinea savanna. International Journal of Agronomy. 2014: 1-9. 

  20. Leite, R. da S., Hernandéz-navarro, S., Nascimento, M.N. do, Potosme, R.N.M., Carrión-prieto, P., and Souza, E. dos S. (2018). Nitrogen fertilization affects fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR) in Physalis L. species. Computer and Eluctronics in Agriculture. 150: 411–417. 

  21. Marschner, H. (2003). Mineral nutrition of higher plants (secondedi). Academic Press. 

  22. Nur, M. and Jumin, H.B. (2016). Ceplukan (Physalis angulata L.) growth on soil contaminated by bleach waste with remediation of manure. Jurnal Dinamika Pertanian. 32(1): 35-50.

  23. Petropoulos, S. A., Fernandes, A., Polyzis, N., Antoniadis, V., Barros, L. and Ferreira, I.C.F.R. (2020). The impact of fertilization regime on the crop performance and chemical composition of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivated in Central Greece. Agronomy. 10: 1-18. 

  24. Qadri, R.W.K., Khan, I., Jahangir, M.M., Ashraf, U., Samin, G. Anwer, A., Adnan, M., and Bashir, M. (2015). Phosphorous and foliar applied nitrogen improved productivity and quality of potato. American Journal of Plant Sciences. 6: 144-149. 

  25. Rivera, D.E., Ocampo, Y.C., Castro, J.P., Barrios, L., Diaz, F. and Franco, L.A. (2019). A screening of plants used in Colombian traditional medicine revealed the anti-inflammatory potential of Physalis angulata calyces. Saudi Journal of Biological Science. 26(7): 1758-1766. 

  26. Rosa, M., Longo, C., Lupini, A., Miller, A.J., Araniti, F., Mercati, F., Princi, M.P. and Sunseri, F. (2016). Phenotyping two tomato genotypes with different nitrogen use efficiency. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry. 107: 21-32.

  27. Sachan, H.K. and Krishna, D. (2020). Effect of organic and inorganic fertilization on growth and yield of french bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Fiji. Legume Research. 

  28. Sarfraz, M., Hussain, K., Nawaz, K., Yasin, G., Geng, Z., Sajjad, M. and Parveen, S. (2021). Determination of effective method of NPK fertilization in pea (Pisum sativum L.) cultivars grown in Pakistan. Legume Research. 44(4): 431-438.

  29. Siddiq, S., Anayat, A., Sattar, A., Ali, M.A., and Yassen, M. (2011). Response of different rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars to different NPK levels in the central cropping zone of Punjab. Agricultural Science Digest. 31(1): 156-160

  30. Sudarmadji, S., Suhardi and Haryono, B. (1984). Analisa bahan makanan dan pertanian. Liberty.

  31. Tuan-Anh, H.Le, Thao, T.Do, Dung, D.T., Kiem, P.Van, Quang, T.H., Yen, P.T.H., Tuan, D.T., Cuong, P.V., Cuonga, L.C.V. and Hung, T.M. (2018). Phytochemical constituents and cytotoxic activity of Physalis angulata L. growing in Vietnam. Phytochemistry Letters. 27: 193-196.

  32. Van Averbeke, W., Juma, K.A. and Tshikalange, T.E. (2007). Yield response of African leafy vegetables to nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium: The case of Brassica rapa L. subsp. chinensis and Solanum retroflexum Dun. Water SA. 33(3): 355-362. 

  33. Varma, D., Meena, R.S., Kumar, S. and Kumari, E. (2017). Response of mungbean to NPK and lime under the conditions of Vindhyan region of Uttar Pradesh. Legume Research. 40(3): 542-545. 

  34. Woldemariam, S.H., Lal, S., Zelelew, D.Z. and Solomon, M.T. (2018). Effect of potassium levels on productivity and fruit quality of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.). Journal of Agricultural Studies. 6(1): 104-117. 

  35. Yang, Y., Xie, S., Xu, W., Nian, Y., Liu, X., Peng, X., Ding, Z. and Qiu, M. (2016). Six new physalins from Physalis alkekengi var. franchetii and their cytotoxicity and antibacterial activity. Fitoterapia. 112: 144-152. 

  36. Zhang, Q., Hu, X.F., Xin, M.M., Liu, H.B., Sun, L.J., Morris-Natschke, S.L., Chen, Y. and Lee, K.H. (2018). Antidiabetic potential of the ethyl acetate extract of Physalis alkekengi and chemical constituents identified by HPLC-ESI-QTOF-MS. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 225: 202-210. 

  37. Zou, J., Lu, J.W., Chen, F. and Li, Y.S. (2009). Increasing yield and profit of rapeseed under combined fertilization of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and boron in Yangtze River Basin. Acta Agronomica Sinica. 35(1): 87-92. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)