Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.60

  • SJR 0.293

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 55 issue 5 (october 2021) : 556-562

Study of Heterosis, Combining Ability and Parental Diversity for Seed Cotton Yield and Contributing Traits using Diallel Data in Cotton (G. hirsutum L.)

R.K. Giri, S.K. Verma, J.P. Yadav
1Department of Genetics, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak-124 001, Haryana, India.
Cite article:- Giri R.K., Verma S.K., Yadav J.P. (2021). Study of Heterosis, Combining Ability and Parental Diversity for Seed Cotton Yield and Contributing Traits using Diallel Data in Cotton (G. hirsutum L.). Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 55(5): 556-562. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5680.
Background: Combining ability and parental diversity contributes directly to improve the heterotic potential. The experiment was aimed to study the parental diversity and its contribution to heterosis and to get an idea if parental diversity has any influence on the combining ability of the parental lines.
Methods: The field testing was carried out during 2017-18 at three locations comprises, Sirsa, Bathinda and Abohar. Total eight parents were crossed in diallel manner to produce 56 combination excluding eight parental genotypes using full diallel. All the hybrids and parental lines were tested using RBD at the selected locations and the mean of these three locations data was used to study the relationship. Genetic relatedness of the parents was studied using 20 SSR markers and the distance/similarity matrix was developed using Jaccard coefficient method. 
Result: Genotypes showed significant (p≤0.01) differences for mean squares values for all the traits under study. F-2228, F-2164 and LH-2108 were the parents with best general combining abilities. Parental lines RS-2013 and RST were found to be the most divergent lines. The best F1 hybrids such as RST-9 x F-2164, LH-2076 x RST-9 and LH-2076 x RS-2013 comprised of diverse parents produced high heterosis for seed cotton yield. Among all the traits under study the maximum heterosis was received for seed cotton yield with a max gain of 126.8% over the mid parent.
  1. Altaher, A.F. and. Singh, R.P. (2003). Genetic diversity studies in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) using two methods of clustering. Journal Indian Society Cotton Improvement. 28(3): 158-163.
  2. Ashokkumar, K., Senthilkumar, K. and Ravikesavan, R. (2013). Heterosis studies for fibre quality of upland cotton in line x tester design. African Journal Agriculture Research. 8(48): 6359-6365. 
  3. Bowman, D.T., May, O.L. and Calhoun, D.S. (1996). Genetic base of upland cotton cultivars released between 1970 and 1990. Crop Science. 36: 577-581.
  4. Choudhary, R., Solanki, B.G., Choudhary, R., Singh, A.K. and Khandelwal, V. (2014). Heterosis in single cross inter and intra-specific hybrids of desi cotton in relation to seed cotton yield and it’scontributing characters. The Bioscan. 9(2): 839-843. 
  5. Discover Natural Fiber Initiative, (2020). Forty million households produce natural fibres. Press Release, 20th April 2020.
  6. Gilbert, N.E. (1958). Diallel cross in plant breeding. Heredity. 13: 477-492. 
  7. Griffing, B. (1956). Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing systems. Australian Journal of Biological Science. 9: 463-493.
  8. Hassan, G., Mahmood G., Khan, N.U. and Razzaq, A. (1999). Combining ability and heterobeltiotic estimates in a diallel cross of cotton (G. hirsutum). Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 15: 563-568.
  9. Hayman, B.I. (1954a). The theory and analysis of diallel crosses. Genetics. 39: 789-809.
  10. Hayman, B.I. (1954b). The analysis of variance of diallel cross. Biometrics. 10: 235-245.
  11. Hayman, B.I. (1958). The theory and analysis of diallel crosses II. Genetics. 43: 63-85.
  12. Hussain, M., Tahir, A., Saif, R., Tahir, S., Tahir, Z., Sultana, R., Qadir, M. and Nawaz B. (2020). Combining ability analysis for seed cotton yield related traits in upland cotton. Life Science Journal. 17(5): 81-84
  13. Iqbal, M.J, Reddy, O.U.K., El-Zik, K.M. and Pepper, A.E. (2001). A genetic bottleneck in the ‘evolution under domestication’ of upland cotton Gossypium hirsutum L. examined using DNA fingerprinting. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. 103: 547-554.
  14. Kamara, M.M., Rehan, M., Ibrahim, K.M., Alsohim, A.S., Elsharkawy, M.M., Kheir, A.M.S., Hafez, E.M. and El-Esawi, M.A. (2020). Genetic Diversity and Combining Ability of White Maize Inbred Lines under Different Plant Densities. Plants. 9: 1140.
  15. Kulkarni, A.A. and Nanda, H.C., (2006). Genetic diversity in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Indian Journal Plant Genetic Resources. 19(2): 226-230.
  16. Lewis, H. (2001). A review of yield and quality trends and components in American upland cotton. P. 1447-1453. In Proc. Beltwide Cotton Conf., Anaheim, CA 10-13. Jan. 2001. National Cotton Council of America, Memphis, TN.
  17. Mather, K. and Jinks, J.L. (1971). Biometrical Genetics Ed. Chapman and Hall Ltd, London 2nd, p. 38.
  18. Mather, K. and Jinks, J.L. (1982). Introduction to Biometrical Genet. Ed. Chapman and Hall Ltd., London.
  19. May, O.L., Bowman, D.T. and Calhoun, D.S. (1995). Genetic diversity of U.S. Upland cotton cultivars released between 1980 and 1990. Crop Science. 35: 1570-1574.
  20. Patel, D.H., Patel, D.U. and Kumar, V. (2014). Heterosis and combining ability analysis in tetraploid cotton (G. hirsutum L. and G. barbadense L.). Electronic Journal Plant Breeding. 5(3): 408-414. 
  21. Sawarkar M., Solanke A., Mshasal G.S. and Deshmukh S.B. (2015). Combining ability and heterosis for seed cotton yield, its components and quality traits in Gossypium hirsutum L. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 49(2): 154-159.
  22. Sayal, O.U., Jatoi, S.A., Baloch, M.S. and Hussain, I. (1997). Estimation of combining ability for quantitative traits in G. hirsutum using Griffings technique of diallel. Science Khyber. 10(2): 13-21.
  23. Sheoran, O.P., Tonk, D.S., Kaushik, L.S., Hasija, R.C. and Pannu, R.S. (1998). Statistical Software Package for Agricultural Research Workers. Recent Advances in information theory, Statistics and Computer Applications by D.S. Hoodaand R.C. Hasija Department of Mathematics Statistics, CCS HAU, Hisar. p139-143.
  24. Shimna, B. and Ravikesavan, R. (2008). Combining ability analysis of yield related traits and fibre quality traits in cotton (Gossypium spp.). Journal of Cotton Research and Development. 22(1): 23-27. 
  25. Solanki, H.V., Mehta, D.R., Rathod, V.B. and Valu, M.G. (2014). Heterosis for seed cotton yield and its contributing characters in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding. 5(1): 124-130. 
  26. Sprague, G.F. and Tatum, L.A. (1942). General and specific combining ability in single crosses of corn. Journal of American Society of Agronomy. 34: 923-932.
  27. Srinivas B. and Bhadru D. (2015). Heterosis studies for yield and fiber quality traits in intra hirsutum hybrids of cotton Gossypium hirsutum L. Agricultural Science Digest. 35(4): 295-299.
  28. Statista. (2019). Cotton production by country worldwide. Cotton Survey, Press Release,, September 2019.
  29. Tyagi, P., Gore, M.A., Bowman, D.T., Campbell, T.B., Udall, J.A. and Kuraparthy, V. (2014). Genetic diversity and population structure in the US Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Theoretical Applied Genetics. 127: 283-295.
  30. Usharani, K.S., Vindhiyavarman, P., Amala Balu, P. and Boopathi, N.M. (2015). Heterosis studies for fibre quality traits in diallel crosses of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). The Bioscan. 10(2): 793-799. 
  31. Zhang, J. and Stewart, J.M. (2000). Economical and rapid method for extracting cotton genomic DNA. Journal of Cotton Science. 4: 193-201.
  32. Zhang, J.F., Abdelraheem, A. and Wu, J.X. (2017). Heterosis, combining ability and genetic effect and relationship with genetic distance based on a diallel of hybrids from five diverse Gossypium barbadense cotton genotypes. Euphytica. 213: 208.

Editorial Board

View all (0)