Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

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Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 53 issue 3 (june 2019) : 358-361

Effect of split application of potassium on yield and yield attributes of Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill]

Seema Sharma, Amit Kaul, Mandeep Singh
1Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Pathankot Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141 004, Punjab, India.
Cite article:- Sharma Seema, Kaul Amit, Singh Mandeep (2019). Effect of split application of potassium on yield and yield attributes of Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill]. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 53(3): 358-361. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-5195.
A field experiment was conducted at Punjab Agricultural University, Regional Research Station, Gurdaspur (Punjab) during kharif 2016-17, to study the effect of split application of potassium on yield and yield attributes of soybean. The experiment was conducted in randomized complete block design with seven treatments applied at sowing and as split application of potassiumT1: Recommended fertilizer dose (12.5 kg N, 32 kg P2O5and no potassium application) , T2: 15 kg K2O  ha-1(at sowing), T3: 30 kg K2O ha-1(at sowing), T4:60 kg K2O ha-1(at sowing), T5: 7.5 kg K2O ha-1 (at sowing)  +  7.5 kg K2O ha-1 (at flowering), T6: 15 kg K2O ha-1(at sowing) +15 kg K2O ha-1(at flowering), T7: 30 kg K2O ha-1(at sowing) +30 kg K2O ha-1(at flowering). Results revealed that significantly higher grain yield (25.2 q ha-1) was obtained in T7 (30 kg K2O ha-1 (at sowing) + 30 kg K2O ha-1 (at flowering) as compared to all other treatments but it was statistically at par with the split application of potassium @ 15 kg K2O ha-1 (at sowing) + 15 kg K2O ha-1 (at flowering) (T6) with grain yield of (22.6 q ha-1). Split application of potassium significantly increased soybean grain yield over the basal application with highest benefit cost ratio (7.1). Among the split application of potassium, grain yield of soybean was increased significantly by 15.6 % in T7 treatment over T5. Split application of potassium was more beneficial than applying full dose of potassium at the time of sowing due to higher number of pods and pod weight plant-1. 
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