Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.60

  • SJR 0.293

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 55 issue 6 (december 2021) : 751-755

The Effect of Aeroponic Potato Seeds from the Tropical Lowland and Highland Based on Size on the Growth and Yield to Become Advanced Seeds by Irrigation

Eni Sumarni, Loekas Soesanto, Noor Farid, Ardiansyah
1Department of Agricultural Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto, Indonesia.
Cite article:- Sumarni Eni, Soesanto Loekas, Farid Noor, Ardiansyah (2021). The Effect of Aeroponic Potato Seeds from the Tropical Lowland and Highland Based on Size on the Growth and Yield to Become Advanced Seeds by Irrigation. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 55(6): 751-755. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-514.
Background: Potato seed production with aeroponic technology can produce a large number of seeds, besides that it is also healthy because it uses plant seeds from tissue culture. However, how the quality of aeroponic seeds produced to become the next seed (growth capacity) has not been studied and scientifically informed. This research aimed to obtain the effect of aeroponic seed yields from the low and high plains based on their size on the growth and yield into advanced seeds. Potato seeds used were from the highland and lowland using aeroponic technology. 
Methods: This research was conducted in the highland (1000 m above sea level) from April to July 2017. Seeds were classified as S ≤ 1 mg, 1 ≤ Md ≤ 10 g and L ≥ 10 g. This research used a randomized block design with seven repetitions. The tried factors were as follows: 1. The origin of aeroponic seeds (A): A1 (lowland), A2 (highland); 2. The size of aeroponic seeds (U): U1 (S), U2 (M), U3 (L). Plant growth parameters included plant height, number of leaves and number of tubers. 
Result: The data obtained were analyzed using Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at the 5% level. Seeds of aeroponic yields of various sizes that are planted using drip irrigation have the potential to become advanced seeds. The L-size aeroponic seeds from the lowland produced an average of 5.9 tubers with an average weight of 68.4 g.

  1. Ahmadvand, G., Mondani, F and Golzardi, F. (2009). Effect of crop plant density on critical period of weed competition in potato. Scientia Horticulturae. 121: 249-254.

  2. Bentley, J and Vasques, D. (1998). The Seed Potato System in Bolivia: Organizational Growth and Missing Links. Network Paper No. 85. London, England: Overseas Development International (ODI). 11 p.

  3. [FAO] Food and Agriculture Organization. (2007). Food and Agricultural Commodities Production. site/339/default.aspx [08 Augustus 2011].

  4. Farran, I. and Castel, M. (2006). Potato minituber production using aeroponics: Effect of plant density and harvesting intervals. American Journal Potato Research. 83: 47-53.

  5. Karim, M.R., Hanif, M.M., Shahidullah, S.M., Rahman, M.A., Akanda, A.M and Khair, A. (2010). Virus free seed potato production through sprout cutting technique under net-house. African Journal Biotechnology. 9: 5852-5858.

  6. Malik, K., Kumar, P. and Kumar, M. (2018). Potato seed crop will be affected more by vectors under changing climatic conditions. Indian J. Agric. Res. 33(3): 173-176.

  7. Masarirambi, M.T., Mandisodza, F.C., Mashingaidze, A.B and Bhebhe, E. (2012). Influence of plant population and seed tuber size on growth and yield components of potato (Solanum tuberosum). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. ISSN Print: 1560-8530; ISSN Online: 1814-9596.

  8. Mhatre, P.H., Divya, K.L., Venkatasalam, E.P., Bairwa, A., Sudha, R and Berliner, J. (2019). Potato cyst nematode: A hidden enemy of potato cultivation in hills. Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika. 34(1): 50-53.

  9. Otazu, V. (2010). Manual on Quality Seed Potato Production Using Aeroponics. Lima, Peru: International Potato Center (CIP).

  10. Park, S. W., Jeon, J.H., Kim, H.S., Hong, S.J., Swath, C and Joung, H. (2009). The effect of size and quality of potato microtubers on quality of seed potatoes in the cultivar ‘Superior’. Scientia Horticulturae. 120: 127-129.

  11. Priyank, H.M., Divya, K.L., Venkatasalam, E.P., Bairwa, A., Sudha, R. and Berliner, J. (2019). Potato cyst nematode: A hidden enemy of potato cultivation in hills. Indian J. Agric. Res. 34(1): 50-53. 

  12. Rana, R.K., Sharma, N., Arya, S. Kadian, M.S. and Singh, B.P. (2013). Seed potato utilization pattern and its impact on farmers profitability in Karnataka. Indian J. Agric. Res. 47(6): 488-495. 

  13. Rykaczewska, K. (1993). Effect of temperature during growing season and physiological age of minitubers on potato plant development and yield. Bulletin of the Potato In- statute. 42(1): 39-46. 

  14. Rykaczewska, K. (2013). The impact of high temperature during growing season on potato cultivars with different response to environmental stresses. American Journal of Plant Sciences. 4: 2386-2393.

  15. Sumarni, E. (2013). Pengembangan zone cooling system untuk produksi benih kentang secara aeroponik di dataran rendah tropika basah. Disertasi, Institut Pertanian Bogor. IPB. Bogor.

  16. Sumarni, E., Ardiansyah and Sumartono, G.H. (2011). Pengembangan produksi benih kentang di sentra Banjarnegara. Laporan Riset Unggulan Daerah. Kerjasama Unsoed-Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Propinsi Jawa Tengah.

  17. Sumarni, E., Herry, S., Kudang, B.S and Saptomo, S.K. (2013a). Aplikasi pendinginan zona perakaran (root zone cooling) pada produksi benih kentang menggunakan sistem aeroponik. Journal Agronomy. Indonesia. 41: 154-159.

  18. Sumarni, E., Herry, S., Kudang, B.S. and Saptomo, S.K. (2013b). Perpindahan panas pada aeroponik chamber dengan aplikasi zone cooling. Jurnal Biofisika. 9: 8-19.

  19. Sumarni, E., Herry, S., Kudang, B.S and Saptomo, S.K. (2013c). Seed potato production using aeroponics system with zone cooling in wet tropocal lowlands. Proceeding. Second Asia Pacific Symp. on Postharvest Research, Education and Extension. Eds. Acta Hort. 1011. ISHS.

  20. Sumarni, E., Noor, F., Loekas, S., Darjanto and Ardiansyah (2019). Effect of Electrical Conductivity (EC) in the Nutrition Solution on Aeroponic Potato Seed Production with Root Zone Cooling Application in Tropical Lowland, Indonesia. Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal Open access, 21(2): 70-77.

  21. Tedy S., Endjang, S and Taemi, F. (2011). Peluang usaha penangkaran bibit kentang di Jawa Barat. Buletin Hasil Kajian 1(1): 1-4.

  22. Van Dam, J., Kooman, P.L and P.C. Struik. (1996). Effects of temperature and photoperiod on early growth and final number of tubers in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Potato Research. 39(1): 51-62. BF02358206.

Editorial Board

View all (0)