Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

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Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 51 issue 5 (october 2017) : 448-452

Effect of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)-based intercropping systems on yield and economics under rainfed condition

H.M. Bhuva, P.D. Kumawat, A.C. Mehta, N.N. Chaudhari, P.R. Patel
1Dry Farming Research Station, Junagadh Agricultural University, Nana Kandhasar, Surendranagar-363 520, Gujarat, India.
Cite article:- Bhuva H.M., Kumawat P.D., Mehta A.C., Chaudhari N.N., Patel P.R. (2017). Effect of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)-based intercropping systems on yield and economics under rainfed condition. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 51(5): 448-452. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-4823.
A field experiment was conducted during the kharif season of 2010-11 to 2012-13 at Nana Kandhasar, Surendranagar, Gujarat to study the yield, economics and post harvest soil nutrient status of groundnut (Arachis hypogeae L ) - based  intercropping systems under rainfed condition. Results of experiment indicated that intercropping of groundnut and sesame in the row proportion of 1:1 recorded significantly higher groundnut pod equivalent yield (1106 kg/ha), land equivalent ratio (1.18 ), net returns (Rs 30691/ha ) as well as B:C ratio (1.82 ) over other planting pattern. Further, the data revealed that the highest nutrient use productivity (27.88 kg/ha/kg) was recorded under sole groundnut, while maximum available N (220.2 kg/ha) and K (310.4 kg/ha) was recorded with groundnut + greengram (1:1) and highest available P (29.2 kg/ha) with sole mothbean. Thus, groundnut + sesame (1:1) is a biologically and economically sustainable intercropping system for rainfed conditions of Gujarat.
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