Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

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  • SJR 0.293

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Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 54 issue 4 (august 2020) : 459-464

Use of Three Synthetic Fungicides to Reduce the Incidence of Ascochyta Blight (Ascochyta rabiei) in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): A Susceptible Cultivars Case

Ibrahim E. Benzohra, Boubekeur S. Bendahmane, M. Youcef Benkada, Mohamed Mégateli, Hakima Belaidi
1Department of Phoeniciculture, Station Expérimentale du Milieu Biophysique de la Saoura, Taghit, Béchar-Centre for Scientific and Technical Research on Arid Regions (CRSTRA), Campus Universitaire B. P. 1682 RP, Biskra, Algeria.
Cite article:- Benzohra E. Ibrahim, Bendahmane S. Boubekeur, Benkada Youcef M., Mégateli Mohamed, Belaidi Hakima (2020). Use of Three Synthetic Fungicides to Reduce the Incidence of Ascochyta Blight (Ascochyta rabiei) in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): A Susceptible Cultivars Case. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 54(4): 459-464. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-459.
This study examined the effect of three synthetic fungicide, maneb “Manebe80®” chlorothalonil “Bravo®” and azoxystrobin “Ortiva®” on the incidence of ascochyta blight (AB) of chickpea caused by Ascochyta rabiei using three chickpea germplasm (ILC482, ILC484 and Flip 1025). The results, statisticaly reliable (C.V.< 20%), indicated the in vitro test of chemical control has significant effect at P0.01, on the mycelial growth of pathogen. All three fungicides caused important MGI% (Mycelial growth inhibition rate), which varied between 30 and 66%. There was a significant action induced by chlorothalonil fungicide (54 – 65%), followed closely by azoxystrobin (46 – 63%) and maneb (30 – 65%). In the in vivo test of chemical control for AB incidence by detached leaves showed a remarkable percentage of reduction in the severity of ascochyta blight varied between 20 and 80%. We noticed that the systemic fungicide like azoxystrobin can reduce the ascochyta blight severity (RDS%), with ranging between 71 and 80%, for other two contact fungicides (chlorothalonil and maneb), the mycelia growth inhibition rate was close to 50% (from 20 to 47%). These results indicated that the systemic fungicides, like azoxystrobin, have a significantly reduced the incidence and development of ascochyta blight disease in the susceptible cultivars (ILC1929, ILC263 and ILC484). 
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