EFFECTS OF EXOGENOUS ABA APPLICATION ON STOMATAL REGULATION OF GAS EXCHANGE PARAMETERS AND CALCULATED WATER USE EFFICIENCY IN MAJOR PULSES OF TAMIL NADU, India

DOI: 10.5958/0976-058X.2014.00668.4    | Article Id: A-3972 | Page : 324-328
Citation :- EFFECTS OF EXOGENOUS ABA APPLICATION ON STOMATAL REGULATION OF GAS EXCHANGE PARAMETERS AND CALCULATED WATER USE EFFICIENCY IN MAJOR PULSES OF TAMIL NADU, India.Indian Journal Of Agricultural Research.2014.(48):324-328
Dhashnamurthi Vijayalakshmi*, Sanchita Kukde Vijay, Prashanthi Ramakrishnan, Sathiakumar Periyasamy, Srividhya Sundaram and Vijayalakshmi Chenniappan vijiphysiology@gmail.com
Address : Department of Crop Physiology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore – 641 003, India

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to study the ABA-induced changes in gas exchange parameters, in ruling varieties of soybean, green gram and black gram and to identify the crops that can show improvement in water use efficiency by maintaining higher photosynthetic rates coupled with less transpiration rates by ABA treatments. All the pulses were grown under well-watered conditions and treated with ABA. Exogenous application of 10-5M ABA solution for three consecutive days after 22nd day from sowing showed significant variations in gas exchange parameters. Stomatal conductance declined in all pulses, while photosynthetic rate, leaf area, Total Dry Matter Production (TDMP) and photosynthetic pigments showed high stability in greengram, with the sprays of ABA. Transpiration rate were increased in soyabean and blackgram, while greengram maintained a low transpiration rate compared to its control. It is clear that ABA induced changes constitute an improvement in water-use efficiency in greengram, which may be invoked under prolonged drought conditions.

Keywords

ABA Photosynthesis Pulses Stomatal conductance Transpiration Water Use Efficiency (WUE).

References

  1. Basak H, Demir K, and Doganalar ZB (2012) The effect of abscisic acid application on root- shoot length and some anti-oxidant enzyme activities of two different tomato seedlings. J. Anim. Plant Sci., 22: 695-703.
  2. Boote K.J, Jones JW, Hoogenboom G, and Pickering NB (1998) The CROPGRO model for grain legumes. In: G.Y. Tsuji et al. (ed.) Understanding options for agricultural production. Kluwer Academic Publ., Boston, 99–128.
  3. Cowan IR, Raven JA, Hartung W, and Farquhar GD (1982) A possible role for abscisic acid in coupling stomatal conductance and photosynthetic carbon metabolism in leaves. Aust. J. Plant Physiol., 9: 489-498.
  4. Farooq U, and Bano A (2006) Effect of abscisic acid and chlorocholine choride on nodulation and bichemical content of Vigna radiata L. under water stress. Pakistan J. Bot., 38: 1511-1518.
  5. Flexas J, Ribas-Carbó M, Bota J, Galmés, J, Henkle M, Martínez-Cañellas S, and Medrano H (2006) Decreased Rubisco activity during water stress is not induced by decreased relative water content but related to conditions of low stomatal conductance and chloroplast CO2 concentration. New Phytol., 172: 73-82.
  6. Franks PJ, and Faraquhar GD (2001) The effect of exogeneous abscisic acid on stomatal development, stomatal machines, and leaf gas exchange in Tradescantia virginiana. Plant Physiol., 125: 935-942.
  7. Franks PJ, Drake P.L, and Beerling DJ (2008) Plasticity in maximum stomatal conductance constrained by negative correlation between stomatal size and density: an analysis using Eucalyptus globulus. Plant Cell Environ., 32: 1737-1748.
  8. Gadallah MAA (1995) Effect of water stress abscisic acid and proline on cotton plant. J. Arid Environ., 30(3): 315-325.
  9. Gargi Parsai (2012) Late rain leads to early sowing of rabi crop. Published in The Hindu, 31st August.
  10. Gimenez G, Fereres E (1986) Genetic variability in sunflower cultivars under drought. 2. Growth and water relations. Aust. J. Agr. Res., 37: 583-597.
  11. Islam MR, Prodhan AKMA , Islam MO and Uddin M. K. (2010). Effect of Plant growth regulator on morphological characters and yield of Blackgram (Vigna mungo L.) J. Agric. Res., 48(1): 73-80
  12. Iqbal S, Bano A, and Ilyas N (2010) Drought and Abscisic acid (ABA) induced changes in protein and pigment contents of four wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) accessions. J. Agric. Res., 48: 1-13.
  13. Jones HG (1999) Use of infrared thermometry for estimation of stomatal conductance as a possible aid to irrigation scheduling. Agr. Forest Meteorl., 95: 139-149.
  14. Lawlor DW, and Cornic G (2002) Photosynthetic carbon assimilation and associated metabolism in relation to water deficits in higher plants. Plant Cell Environ., 25: 275-294.
  15. Sharkey TD, and Raschke K (1980) Effects of phaseic acid and dihydrophaseic acid on stomata and the photosynthetic apparatus. Plant Physiol., 65: 291-297.
  16. Singh M, Chauhan JS, and Meena, SS (2009) Drought induced changes in water use efficiency and other morpho- physiological characters in Indian mustard. (Brassica juncea L.). 16th Australian Research Assembly on Brassicas. Ballarat Victoria., 1-5.
  17. Tardieu F, Lafarge T, and Simonneau (1996) Stomatal control by fed or endogenous xylem ABA in sunflower: interpretation of correlations between leaf water potential and stomatal conductance in anisohydric species. Plant Cell Environ., 19: 75–84.
  18. Travaglia C, Cohen AC, Reinoso H, Castillo C, and Bottini R (2007) Exogenous abscisic acid increases carbohydrate accumulation and redistribution to the grains in wheat grown under field conditions of soil water restriction. J. Plant Growth Regul., 26: 285-289.
  19. Trejo CL, Clephan AL, and Davies WJ (1995) How do stomata read abscisic acid signals? Plant Physiol., 109: 803–811.
  20. Wasilewski A, Vlad F, Sirichandra C, Redko Y, Jammes F (2008) An update on abscisic acid signalling in Plants and more. Mol. Plant., 1: 198-217.
  21. WWW.Indiastat.com, Indiastat, 2009-2010.
  22. Xu Z, Zhou G, and Shimizu H (2010) Plant responses to drought and rewatering. Plant Signal. Behave., 5: 649-654.
  23. Yoshida S et al (1971) Laboratory Manual for Physiological Studies of Rice. IRRI, Philippines.pp 36-37.

Global Footprints