Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.60

  • SJR 0.293

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, ISI Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 53 issue 2 (april 2019) : 165-171

Paddy husk compost addition for improving nitrogen availability

Omar Latifah, Osumanu Haruna Ahmed, Nik Muhammad Abdul Majid
1Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Bintulu Sarawak Campus, 97008 Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia.
Cite article:- Latifah Omar, Ahmed Haruna Osumanu, Majid Abdul Muhammad Nik (2019). Paddy husk compost addition for improving nitrogen availability. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 53(2): 165-171. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-387.
Mature compost with good agronomic properties can be used to control nitrogen loss from soil. Soil incubation and leaching experiments were conducted to determine the effects of paddy husk compost addition on controlling ammonium and nitrate losses from Bekenu Series soil. Retention of soil exchangeable ammonium and available nitrate were significantly improved in soil amended with paddy husk compost treatments compared with urea alone thus, reducing leaching of these ions. At 30 days of the leaching experiment, ammonium and nitrate losses were highest in urea without paddy husk compost addition compared with co-application of urea and paddy husk compost because the treatment significantly improved retention of soil exchangeable ammonium and available nitrate. Urea can be co-applied with paddy husk compost to improve release of ammonium and nitrate and to retain nitrogen availability.
  1. Adams, F and Martin, J.B. (1984). Liming effects on nitrogen use and efficiency. In: Hauck, RD. (ed) Nitrogen in Crop Production, American Society of Agronomy. Madison. pp 417 – 426.
  2. Alburquerque, J.A, Gonzálvez, J., García, D. and Cegarra, J. (2007). Effects of a compost made from the solid by-product (‘‘alperujo’’) of the two phase centrifugation system for olive oil extraction and cotton gin waste on growth and nutrient content of ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Bioresource Technology, 98: 40 – 945.
  3. Bai, B., Suri, V.K., Kumar, A. and Choudhary, A.K. (2017). Tripartite symbiosis of Pisum–Glomus–Rhizobium lead to enhanced productivity, nitrogen and phosphorus economy, quality and biofortification in garden pea in a Himalayan acid Alfisol. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 40(4): 600 – 613.
  4. Choudhary, A.K. and Rahi, S. (2018). Organic cultivation of high yielding turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) cultivars: A viable alternative to enhance rhizome productivity, profitability, quality and resource-use efficiency in monkey–menace areas of north-western Himalayas. Industrial Crops and Products, 124: 495 – 504. 
  5. Choudhary, A.K. and Suri, V.K. (2018). Low-cost vermi-composting technology and its application in bio-conversion of obnoxious weed    flora of north-western Himalayas into vermi-compost. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 49(12): 1429 – 1441.
  6. Choudhary, A.K., Rahi, S., Singh, A. and Yadav, D.S. (2010). Effect of vermi-compost and biofertilizers on productivity and profitability in potato in north-western Himalayas. Current Advances in Agricultural Sciences, 2(1): 18 – 21.
  7. Choudhary, A.K., Thakur, R.C. and Kumar, N. 2008. Effect of integrated nutrient management on soil physical and hydraulic properties in rice-wheat crop sequence in NW Himalayas. Indian Journal of Soil Conservation, 36(2): 97 – 104.
  8. Choudhary, A.K., Thakur, S.K. and Suri, V.K. (2013). Technology transfer model on integrated nutrient management technology for sustainable crop production in high value cash crops and vegetables in north-western Himalayas. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 44(11): 1684 – 1699.
  9. Choudhary, A.K. and Suri, V.K. (2009). Effect of organic manures and inorganic fertilizers on productivity, nutrient uptake and soil fertility in wheat (Triticum aestivum)–paddy (Oryza sativa) crop sequence in western Himalayas. Current Advances in Agricultural Sciences, 1(2): 65 – 69.
  10. Dhillon, B.S., Sharma, P.K. and Choudhary, A.K. (2018). Influence of staggered sown spring sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) at varying intra–row spacing and applied–N on pre– and post–anthesis N dynamics and dry matter partitioning in Indo–Gangetic plains region. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 49(16): 2002 – 2015.
  11. Erisman, J.W., Sutton, W., Galloway, M.A., Klimont, J.N. and Winiwarter, W. (2008). How a century of ammonia synthesis changed the world. Nature of Geoscience, 1: 636 – 639.
  12. Keeney, D.R. and Nelson, N.W. (1982). Nitrogen-inorganic forms. In: Method of Soil Analysis, Part 2 (2nd ed). Agron Mono 9. ASA and SSSA, Madison, Wisconsin. 
  13. Kumar, A., Choudhary, A.K and Suri, V.K. (2016). Influence of AM fungi, inorganic phosphorus and irrigation regimes on plant water relations and soil physical properties in okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) – pea (Pisum sativum L.) cropping system in Himalayan acid Alfisol. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 39(5): 666–682. 
  14. Latifah, O., Ahmed, O.H. and Majid, N.M.A. (2015). Compost maturity and nitrogen availability by co-composting of paddy husk and chicken manure amended with clinoptilolite zeolite. Waste Management and Research, 34 (4): 1 – 10.
  15. Malaysia Agriculture Research and Development (MARDI). (1993). Jagung Manis Baru (New Sweet Corn): Masmadu, Malaysia Agriculture Research and Development (MARDI), Mardi, Kuala Lumpur.
  16. Paramananthan, S. (2000). Soil of Malaysia: Their Characteristics and Identification, Malaysia. Vol. 1, Academy of Sciences Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 111-125.
  17. Paul, E.A., and Clark, F.E. (1996). Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry, 2nd Edition. Academic Press, San Diego.
  18. Paul, J., Choudhary, A.K., Sharma, S., Savita, Bohra, M., Dixit, A.K., Kumar, P. (2016). Potato production through bio–resources: Long–term effects on tuber productivity, quality, carbon sequestration and soil health in temperate Himalayas. Scientia Horticulturae, 213: 152 – 163.
  19. Paul, J., Choudhary, A.K., Suri, V.K., Sharma, A.K., Kumar, V. and Shobhna. (2014). Bioresource nutrient recycling and its relationship with biofertility indicators of soil health and nutrient dynamics in rice–wheat cropping system. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 45(7): 912 – 924.
  20. Rahi, S. and Choudhary, A.K. (2014). On–farm’ participatory technology development on integrated nutrient management for enhanced crop and rainwater productivity in garlic (Allium sativum L.) in north-western Himalayas. Journal of Agrometeorology, 16:296 – 297.
  21. Rahi, S. and Choudhary, A.K. (2016). Integrated crop management practices for off-season cabbage in high-hill wet-temperate region of north-western Himalayas. Annals of Agricultural Research, 37(4): 406 – 409.
  22. Smith, J.L. and Collins, H.P. (2007). Composting. In: Paul EA. (ed). Soil Microbiology, Ecology, and Biochemistry (3rd edition) Academic Press, Burlington. 483 – 486.
  23. Tan, K.H. (2003). Humic Matter in Soil and the Environment: Principles and Controversies, Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, USA.
  24. Tan, K.H. (2005). Soil Sampling, Preparation, and Analysis. 2nd ed. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA.
  25. Weier, K.L. and Gilliam, J.W. (1986). Effect of acidity on nitrogen mineralization and nitrification in Atlantic Coastal Plain soils. Soil Science Society of American Journal, 50: 1210 – 1214.
  26. Xia, Y.P., Stoffella, P.J., He, Z.L., Zhang, M.K., Calvert, D.V., Yang, X.E. and Wilson, S.B. (2007). Leaching potential of heavy metals, nitrogen, and phosphate from compost-amended media. Compost Science and Utilization, 15: 29 – 33.
  27. Zhou, M.H., Zhu, B., Butterbach-Bahl, K., Zheng, X.H., Wang, T. and Wang, Y.Q. (2013). Nitrous oxide emissions and nitrate leaching from a rain-fed wheat-maize rotation in the Sichuan Basin, China. Plant Soil, 326: 149 – 159. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)