Indian Journal of Agricultural Research

  • Chief EditorT. Mohapatra

  • Print ISSN 0367-8245

  • Online ISSN 0976-058X

  • NAAS Rating 5.60

  • SJR 0.293

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Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, volume 52 issue 6 (december 2018) : 604-611

Nitrate leaching losses reduction, N-use efficiency optimization in Triticum aestivum L. and Oryza sativa L. rotation to improve production and soil reclamation rate with gypsum in salt-affected soil  

Muhammad Shoaib Rana, Ghulam Murtaza, Xue-cheng Sun, Muhammad Imran, Javaria Afzal, Ali Mohamed Elyamine, Marwa A. Farag, Muhammad Riaz, Muhammad Irfan Waris, Cheng-xiao Hu
1College of Resources and Environment, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.
Cite article:- Rana Shoaib Muhammad, Murtaza Ghulam, Sun Xue-cheng, Imran Muhammad, Afzal Javaria, Elyamine Mohamed Ali, Farag A. Marwa, Riaz Muhammad, Waris Irfan Muhammad, Hu Cheng-xiao (2018). Nitrate leaching losses reduction, N-use efficiency optimization in Triticum aestivum L. and Oryza sativa L. rotation to improve production and soil reclamation rate with gypsum in salt-affected soil . Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 52(6): 604-611. doi: 10.18805/IJARe.A-350.
Nitrogen management is the major challenge due to narrow understanding of yield and N uptake relationship on salt-affected soils. To address this problem, a lysimeter experiment for rice and wheat was conducted on salt-affected soil with two lower (15 and 30 %) and three higher N rates (15, 30 and 45 %) with 50 and 100 % SGR. NO3- leaching was greater with higher N rates (up to 188 mg Leachate-1) in rice as compared to wheat. After the harvesting of rice and wheat, maximum decrease in soil pHs (7.75 %), ECe (41.50 %), SAR (63.64 %) was with N130 G100 which indicated that applied gypsum 100 % SGR with higher N rate ameliorated the soil more efficiently as compared to 50 % SGR. The highest yields recorded with N130 + 100 % SGR. The highest NUE (15.88 g/g) was with treatment G100 N130 in rice but in wheat (NUE, 44.76 g/g) G100 N70 proved to be the best. It was concluded that G100 N130 proved to be the best and reduced the environmental risks.
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