Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research, volume 36 issue 3 (september 2017) : 229-234

Impact of nutrition intervention on anthropometric parameters and KAP score on nutritional status of non-insulin dependent diabetics

Madhu, Anita Kochhar
1Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Home Science, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana-141 004, Punjab, India.
Cite article:- Madhu, Kochhar Anita (2017). Impact of nutrition intervention on anthropometric parameters and KAP score on nutritional status of non-insulin dependent diabetics. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 36(3): 229-234. doi: 10.18805/ajdfr.v36i03.8971.
Ninety non-insulin dependent male diabetics in the age group of 40-60 years free from serious complications of diabetes were selected from the Ludhiana Mediways Hospital under the supervision of diabetologist .Selection was based on their fasting and post prandial blood glucose level followed by blood pressure.The selected subjects were divided into three groups I, II and III, each group having thirty subjects.  The subjects of group I was not given any supplement or intervention whereas the subjects of group II and III were given intervention in the form of 10 gm of Broccoli floret and leaf powder, to be incorporated in missi roti for a period of 3 months. Along with supplementation, nutrition counseling was also given. The nutrition education was given for 3 months during supplementation after 15 days interval to the subjects of group II and III through individual and group contact.Subjects were imparted nutrition education regarding the disease, its symptoms, causes, complications and dietary modifications using appropriate charts, health benefits of broccoli, benefits of physical exercise by individual and group contact during the feeding trails. The anthropometric measurements of the subjects were measured. Significant improvements were observed in weight only,and no significant diffrences were found in BMI, MUAC and TSFT of the subjects in Group II, and III after study. There were also a significant increase (P<0.01) in the knowledge, attitude and practice score obtained by the subjects in II, and III and a non-significant increase (P<0.01) was seen in knowledge, attitude and practice score of the subjects in Group I. Therefore, it can be reported from the results that nutrition education significantly improved the nutritional status of the diabetics. Nutrition counseling by the dietician plays an important role in the management of diabetes. There is a need to conduct well designed community based diabetes prevention programme to stem the rising trends of diabetes in the country.
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