Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research, volume 40 issue 4 (december 2021) : 371-375

​Biochemical and Physicochemical Characteristics in Different Skeletal Muscles of Sheep Hind Limb

Gangadhar Kapase, Shrikant Kulkarni, Kiran Mohan, Gurubasayya Panchaxarayya Kalmath, Kartikesh Sidramayya Math
1Department of Livestock Products Technology, Veterinary College, Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, Nandinagar-585 401, Bidar, Karnataka, India.
Cite article:- Kapase Gangadhar, Kulkarni Shrikant, Mohan Kiran, Kalmath Panchaxarayya Gurubasayya, Math Sidramayya Kartikesh (2021). ​Biochemical and Physicochemical Characteristics in Different Skeletal Muscles of Sheep Hind Limb. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 40(4): 371-375. doi: 10.18805/ajdfr.DR-1608.
Background: High variation in meat quality has been reported between animals and within muscles of same animals. An understanding of these variations is a pivotal step to design strategies for better utilization of such meat while producing high quality meat to consumers. The current study was aimed to unravel biochemical and physico-chemical profile of sheep hind limb.
Methods: The sheep hind limb was procured from traditionally slaughtered sheep immediately after exsanguination. The Vastus lateralis (VL), Gluteo biceps femoris (GBF), Gluteomedius (GM), Longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL), Psoas major (PM) and Semitendinosus (ST) muscles were separated from hot boned carcass of sheep. Each hot boned muscle was cut and analysed for biochemical and physico-chemical characteristics.
Result: There was significant (p<0.05) variation in water holding capacity, protein extractability (Sarcoplasmic, myofibrillar and total), collagen content, collagen solubility and instrumental colour value among different skeletal muscles studied. Non-significant (p>0.05) variations were found in parameters like pH, drip loss, myofibrillar fragmentation index, muscle fibre diameter and Warner Bratzler shear force values. The Gluteo biceps femoris muscle was found to have higher myoglobin; myofibrillar fragmentation index and Warner Bratzler shear force values with lowest protein extractability values. The collagen content in the Gluteo biceps femoris was significantly (p<0.05) higher with lowest collagen solubility (15.32%) as compared to other muscles.

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