Agricultural Science Digest

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Agricultural Science Digest, volume 41 issue 3 (september 2021) : 484-491

Effect of Solid-state Fermented Aquafeed on Growth Performance, Digestive Enzymes and Innate Immunity of Rohu, Labeo rohita 

K.C. Das, S. Mohanty, P.K. Sahoo, R. Das, L. Sahoo, P. Swain
1ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar-751 002, Odisha, India.
Cite article:- Das K.C., Mohanty S., Sahoo P.K., Das R., Sahoo L., Swain P. (2021). Effect of Solid-state Fermented Aquafeed on Growth Performance, Digestive Enzymes and Innate Immunity of Rohu, Labeo rohita. Agricultural Science Digest. 41(3): 484-491. doi: 10.18805/ag.D-5254.
Background: There is a scope of increasing the aquaculture production by use of fish feed produced from non-conventional ingredients and also improvement in the quality of feed by solid-state fermentation. The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of solid-state fermented aquafeed on growth performance, digestive enzymes and innate immunity of rohu, Labeo rohita.
Methods: Fish feed containing sesame oil cake and mahua oil cake was fermented through solid-state fermentation by yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and then compared with a non-fermented control feed with the same formula.
Result: Solid-state fermentation increased crude protein (CP), decreased crude fibre (CF) and also lowered (p < 0.05) anti-nutritional factors (ANF) of fish feed. After five months of experimental feeding, weight gain and digestibility of nutrients like dry matter, crude protein and ether extract were significantly higher (p < 0.05) and feed conversion ratio was significantly lower in fish of fermented feed fed group than the control group. Furthermore, non-specific immune parameters such as lysozyme, myeloperoxidase and haemolytic activities and intestinal enzyme activity of fish fed with fermented feed increased significantly (p< 0.05) compared to fish fed control feed. It is concluded that feeding of Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermented feed could improve the growth, digestive enzymes activity and immunity of Rohu, Labeo rohita.

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