Effect of Planting Density and Integrated Nutrient Management in Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)

DOI: 10.18805/ag.D-5247    | Article Id: D-5247 | Page : 26-31
Citation :- Effect of Planting Density and Integrated Nutrient Management in Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.).Agricultural Science Digest.2022.(42):26-31
Dambera M. Sangma, L.T. Longkumer, A.P. Singh, Virosanuo Solo virosolo74@gmail.com
Address : Department of Agronomy, School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development, Nagaland University, Medziphema-797 106, Nagaland, India.
Submitted Date : 24-07-2020
Accepted Date : 6-02-2021


Background: Sesamum indicum L. is a tropical and subtropical plant cultivated for seed purpose, which yields about 50% high quality edible oil with 65% of the seeds being used for oil extraction and 35% for consumption purpose. The seeds have outstanding amounts of oil and consists of extensive root system that makes it very tolerant of drought.
Methods: A field experiment entitled “Effect of planting density and Integrated Nutrient Management in sesame” was carried out at the Agronomy Research Farm of School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development, Nagaland University, Medziphema campus, during Kharif season of 2017-18. Nine treatment combinations consisting of three level of planting density i.e., T1- (20cm x 10cm), T2 (30cm x 10cm) and T3 (40cm x 10cm) along with three levels of nutrient management practices i.e., N1 (100% RDF), N2 (75% RDF + 25% FYM) and N3 (75% RDF + 25% poultry manure) were tried in factorial randomized block design with three replications. 
Conclusion: Among the different planting density and nutrient management practices, combined effect of 20cm x 10cm planting density with 75% RDF + 25% FYM nutrient recorded highest growth attributes viz., plant height (cm), number of leaves plant-1, number of branches plant-1 and yield attributes viz., number of capsules plant-1, seed yield (kg ha-1) and stover yield (kg ha-1). However, the highest net return (₹16687.66) and B:C ratio (1.13) was obtained from the treatment combination of 40cm x 10cm planting density along with combination of 75% RDF + 25% poultry manure. Hence, the combined application of manures with inorganic source of nutrients with reduced planting density recorded higher growth and yield attributes thereby resulting higher economic return than the application of RDF alone.


Farmyard manure Integrated nutrient management Poultry manure sesame


  1. Anonymous (2014). FAO. Source: http://faostat.fao.org/site. Dated 17/07/2017. 
  2. Bonsu, O.K. (2003). Effect of spacing and fertilizer application on the growth, yield and yield components of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Journal of Sustainable Agriculture. 23(1): 40-49.
  3. Caliskan, S., Arslan, M., Arioglu, H. and Isler, N. (2004). Effect of planting method and plant population on growth and yield of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) in a Mediterranean type of environment. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 3(5): 610-13.
  4. Debnath, P., Singh, R., Ferroze, S.M. and Sarkar, A. (2015). Study on growth and instability of sesame in North-Eastern Hill Region of India. Economic in Affairs. 60(2): 193-6.
  5. Deshmukh, M.R., Jain, H.C., Duhoon, S.S. and Goswami, U. (2002). Integrated Nutrient Management in sesame for Kymore plateau zone of Madhya Pradesh. Journal of Oilseeds Research. 19(1): 73-75.
  6. Duhoon, S.S., Jain, H.C., Deshmukh, M.R. and Goswami, U. (2001). Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers along with biofertilizers on kharif sesame under different soils and locations in India. Journal of Oilseeds Research. 18(2): 178-180. 
  7. El Naim, A.M. (2010). Effect of plant density on the performance of some sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) cultivars under rainfed. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences. 6(4): 498-504.
  8. Girdharbhai P.S. (2016). Effect of spacing and nutrient management on summer sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) under South Gujarat condition. Thesis submitted to Navsari Agricultural University.
  9. Islam, F., Gill, R.A., Ali, B., Farooq, M.A., Xu, L., Najeeb, U. et al. (2016). Sesame. In: Breeding Oilseed Crop for Sustainable Production: Opportunities and Constraints. [(ed.) S.K. Gupta] (Cambridge, MA: Academic Press), 135-147.
  10. Kafiriti, E. and Mponda, O. (2008). Soils, Plant Growth and Crop Production. Growth and Production of Sesame. {Encyclopedia of Life Support System (EOLSS)}. www.eolss.net/sample-chapters/c10/el-05a-46.pdf.
  11. Kalaiselvan, P., Subrahmaniyan, K. and Balasubramanian, T.N. (2001). Plant density effect on the growth and yield of sesame. Agricultural Reviews. 22(1): 52-56.
  12. Kushwaha, D. and Hasan, Z. (2011). Growth and yield of different cultivars of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) as influenced by seed applied azotobacter and phosphate solubilizing bacteria. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 45(4): 326-330.
  13. Mamatha, K., VidyaSagar, G. E. Ch, Laxmi, N. P. and Padmaja, G. (2014). Growth, yield attributes and yield of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) as influence by the application of Sulphur with FYM. International Journal of Current Research. ISSN-0975-833X.
  14. Nantongo, S. (2002). Effect of spatial arrangement and plant population on growth and yield of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) in pure stands and in mixtures with finger millet (Eleusine coracana). M. Sc. Thesis. Makerere University.
  15. Narkhede, T.N., Wadile, S.C., Attarde, D.R., Suryawanshi, R.T. and Deshmukh, A.S. (2001). Response of macro and micro nutrients in combination with organic matter (FYM) on yield of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Journal of Soils and Crops. 11(2): 203-205.
  16. Pathak, K., Rahman, S., Bhagawati, S. and Gogoi, B. (2017). Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.), an underexploited oil seed crop: Current status, features and importance-A review. Agricultural Reviews. 38(3): 223-227.
  17. Rahman, M.M. and Hossain, M.M. (2011). Plant density effects on growth, yield and yield components of two soybean varieties under equidistant planting arrangement. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 10: 278-86.
  18. Sahu, G., Chatterjee, N., Bera, M., Ghosh, G.K., Mandal, S., Biswas, P.K. and Kundu, M.C. 2017. Integrated nutrient management in sesame (Sesamum indicum) in red and lateritic soils of West Bengal. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Science. 7(1): 137-46.
  19. Sivagamy, K. and Rammohan, J. (2013). Effect of sowing date and crop spacing on growth, yield attributes and quality of sesame. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science (IOSR-JAVS). 5(2): 38-40.
  20. Umar, U.A, Mahmud, M., Abubakar, I.U., Babaji, B.A. and Idris, U.D. (2012). Performance of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) varieties as influenced by nitrogen fertilizer level and intra roe spacing. The Pacific Journal of Science and Technology. 13: 364-9.
  21. Walling, I. (2015). Sesamum (Sesamum indicum L.) a promising oilseed crop. The Morung Express. Dated: 16/7/2017. (morungexpress.com/sesamum-sesamum-indicum-l-a-promising-oilseed-crop/).
  22. Wei, W., Qi X., Wang, L., Zhang, Y., Hua, W., Li, D., Lv, H. and Zhang, X. (2011). Characterization of the sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) global transcriptome using illumine period-end sequencing and development of EST-SSR markers. BMC Genomics. 12(451): 1-13.

Global Footprints