Agricultural Science Digest

  • Chief EditorArvind kumar

  • Print ISSN 0253-150X

  • Online ISSN 0976-0547

  • NAAS Rating 5.52

  • SJR 0.156

Frequency :
Bi-monthly (February, April, June, August, October and December)
Indexing Services :
BIOSIS Preview, Biological Abstracts, Elsevier (Scopus and Embase), AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Agricultural Science Digest, volume 41 issue 4 (december 2021) : 605-609

Effect of Water Regimes on the Growth of and Yield of Rabi / Summer Groundnut Genotypes in Northern Transition Zone of Karnataka

R. Naveen Kumar, R.H. Patil, B.S. Yenagi, S. Sagar Dhage
1Department of Agricultural Meteorology, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad-580 005, Karnataka, India. 
Cite article:- Kumar Naveen R., Patil R.H., Yenagi B.S., Dhage Sagar S. (2021). Effect of Water Regimes on the Growth of and Yield of Rabi / Summer Groundnut Genotypes in Northern Transition Zone of Karnataka. Agricultural Science Digest. 41(4): 605-609. doi: 10.18805/ag.D-5232.
Background: Groundnut crop grown during Rabi / summer experiences moisture stress, thus irrigation is must. However, water for irrigation gets scarce during summer month hence it becomes important to choose stress tolerant varieties and optimize irrigation schedule without compromising the yield.
Methods: A field experiment with four rabi / summer groundnut genotypes (G1: Dh-86, G2: Dh-101, G3: K-9 and G4: G2-52) exposed to four irrigation regimes (I1: 7 irrigations at 15 days interval from sowing to 105 DAS as control, I2: withdrawal of one irrigation between 45 - 60 DAS i.e., pegging stage, I3: withdrawal of two irrigations between 45-75 DAS i.e., at pegging and pod filling stage, I4: withdrawal of four irrigations from 45-105 DAS i.e., at pegging, pod filling and kernel development stage) was carried out from December to April of 2016-17 on black cotton soils at AICRP on Groundnut UAS, Dharwad.
Result: Among the genotypes tested, Dh-86 recorded significantly higher pod yield (2,376 kg ha-1) followed by Dh-101 (2,215 kg ha-1) and K-9 (2,048 kg ha-1), whereas G2-52 gave the lowest yield (1,880kg ha-1) and all of them performed well at I1 and I2 irrigation regimes. Among different water regimes, I1 (i.e., control) recorded significantly taller plants, higher LAI, more branches and higher dry matter at harvest as compared to other irrigation regimes, hence it also recorded significantly higher pod yield and haulm yield (2,870 and 4,691 kg ha-1, respectively), but was found at par with I2, i.e., crop stressed only at pegging stage (2,858 and 4,648 kg ha-1, respectively). This suggests that, at the most, one irrigation can be skipped at pegging stage without compromising on yield.
  1. Anonymous, (2018). FAO statistical data on Area, Production and Productivity of Groundnut. as sourced on 15, November 2020. 
  2. Anonymous, (2019). Agricultural Statistics at a glance. Agricultural Statistics Division, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi. 
  3. Asana, R.D. and Sani, A.D. (1985). Studies in physiological analysis of yield. The influence of drought on grain development, photosynthetic surface and water content of wheat. Physiol. Plant. 11: 666-674. 
  4. Cruickshank, A., Dowkiw, A., Wright, G.C., Nageswara, R.C.R. and Nigam, S.N. (2004). Heritability of drought-resistance traits in groundnut. Proceeding of the 4th International Crop Science Congress, September 26, 2004. Brisbane, Australia. 
  5. Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, 2nd Edition, A Wiley Inter-Science Publications, New York (USA).
  6. Nigam, S.N., Chandra, S., Rupa, S.K., Manoha, B.A., Reddy, G.S. and Nageswara Rao, R.C. (2005). Efficiency of physiological trait based and empirical selection approaches for drought tolerance in groundnut. Journal of Biological Science. 146: 433-439. 
  7. Painwade, D., Jogloy, S., Toomsan, B., Vorasoot, N., Akkasaeng, C., Kesmala, T., Rachaputi, C.N., Wright, G.C. and Patanothai, A. (2009). Physiological basis for genotypic variation in tolerance to and recovery from pre-flowering drought in groundnut. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Sciences. 196: 358-367. 
  8. Paungbut, D., Sanum, J., Vorasoof, N. and Chutipong, A. (2009). Variability in yield responses of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes under early season drought. Asian Journal of Plant Science. 8(4): 254-264. 
  9. Singh, A.L. (2011). Physiological basis for realizing yield potentials in groundnut. In A. Hemantranjan (Ed.), Advances in plant physiology (Vol. 12, pp. 131-242). Jodhpur: Scientific Publishers (India).
  10. Vaghasia, P.M., Khanpara, V.D. and Mathukia, R.K. (2010). Impact of in-situ moisture conservation and sulphur nutrition on yield, quality and nutrient uptake by groundnut. International Journal of Agriculture Science. 3: 151-53. 
  11. Vivekanandan, A.S., Gunasena, H.P.M. and Sivanayagam, T. (1972). Statistical evaluation of the accuracy of three techniques used in estimation of leaf area of crop plants. International Journal of Agriculture Science. 42: 857-860.
  12. Vorasoot, N., Songsri, P., Akkasaeng, C., Jogloy, S. and Patanothai, A. (2003). Effect of water stress on yield and agronomic characters of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Journal of Science and Technology. 25(3): 283-288. 
  13. Williams, J.H., Wilson, J.H.H. and Bate, G.C. (1998). The growth of groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) at three altitudes in Rhodesia. Rhodesia Journal of Agriculture Research. 13: 33-43.

Editorial Board

View all (0)